20111105 white lotus sutra and concentration development
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20111105 white lotus sutra and concentration development

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Loving Kindness Meditation

Loving Kindness Meditation
Introduction of Buddhism

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    20111105 white lotus sutra and concentration development 20111105 white lotus sutra and concentration development Presentation Transcript

    • Buddhist Association of Canada Cham Shan Temple Updated Mar 2010
    • Buddhist Association of Canada Cham Shan Templená mó fó tuó南 無 佛 陀 Namo Buddhaná mó dá mó南 無 達 摩 Namo Dharmaná mó sēng qié南 無 僧 伽 Namo Sangha Updated Mar 2010
    • Buddhist Association of Canada Factors in Developing Concentration1. Mindfulness –  It brings the mind to the point of concentration skillfully and becomes powerful enough to fall into deep absorption.  It guards against defilements and extraneous thoughts.  It alerts us to take appropriate action to remedy hindrances.  It keeps the mind flexible, workable, soft, balance and so on.  It is advisable to practice Satipatthana Meditation to gain a strong grounding of mindfulness. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada Satipatthana MeditationAccording to Abhidharmakosa , there are four types of meditation skills to develop the mindfulness. Contemplate the following truths:(1) Body is untrue and impure (without form),(2) Perception is the cause of pain (senses are also false),(3) Mind is transient (without constant), and(4) Everything is without eternal substance (without me).Practicing each of these meditations at first separately, then together, the adept leads himself to the more advanced stage of meditation. The purpose of these four types of meditation is to keep in mind that these bodily and mental functions have no eternal substance and thus to rid oneself of false views contrary to the contents of these four types of meditation. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada Factors in Developing Concentration2. Detachment  Right concentration is referred to concentration that detached from the five senses.  The meditation object is solely that of the mind door and its concentration is that above the five sense doors.  If you have rampant cravings and strong desires for sense pleasures, you can never get near the absorptions.  Detachment has the power to remove the bondages that tie us to the undesirable worlds.  When metta comes with pleasantness and joy, the detached attitude is an important consideration. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada Factors in Developing Concentration3. Patience  Patience is the opposite of anger which is associated with agitation.  If you preserve patience, your mind will calm down.  It helps us to remain the object with equanimity for longer periods of time.4. Healthy conditions  Health – good food, enough sleep & exercise, right postures  Environment – quite place, right temperature, avoid draft, suitable clothing  Companionship – Right group size, mutual concerning and understanding, exchange experience, techniques and ideas 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada Paramita of PatienceThe essence of this paramita of patience is the strength of mind and heart thatenables us to face the challenges and difficulties of life without losing ourcomposure and inner tranquility. We embrace and forbear adversity, insult,distress, and the wrongs of others with patience and tolerance, free ofresentment, irritation, emotional reactivity, or retaliation. We cultivate theability to be loving and compassionate in the face of criticism,misunderstanding, or aggression. With this enlightened quality of patience, weare neither elated by praise, prosperity, or agreeable circumstances, nor arewe angry, unhappy or depressed when faced with insult, challenge, hardship,or poverty. This enlightened attribute of patience, acceptance, and tolerance isnot a forced suppression or denial of our thoughts and feelings. Rather, it is aquality of being which comes from having our heart open and our minddeeply concentrated upon the Dharma. In this way, we have a clear andcorrect understanding of impermanence, of cause and effect (karma), andwith strong determination and patience we remain in harmony with thisunderstanding for the benefit of all beings. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada Develop Concentration1. Following closely and concentrating into the object.2. It has to be done with mindfulness.3. Shut out all other objects except keeping the mind onto the metta object.4. Bring your mind to stillness and draw it into states which are progressively deeper, subtler and more tranquil.5. By means of the mastery through resolution. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada Mastering an Absorption1. Mastery In Adverting2. Mastery In Entering3. Mastery In Sustaining4. Mastery In Emerging5. Mastery In Reflection 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada 1. Mastering In advertingBring up five jhana factors, one after another upon emerging. a) Awakening b) Observation c) Joy d) Contentment e) One-pointed ConcentrationConcentration is fully developed. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada 2. Mastering In AttentionNature Neuroscience. The figure, from an accompanying review by Hedden and Gabrieli indicates some of the cortical regions associated with focused and lapsed attention.The arrows indicate reciprocal functional connections between prefrontal and parietal regions, and top-down modulation of occipital sensory regions by the prefrontal cortex. IFG, right inferior frontal gyrus; TPJ, temporal-parietal junction. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of CanadaLapses in Attention.....We frequently make errors during lapses in ourattention, and Weissman et al have now looked atwhat is happening in the brain during this process. They determined that attentional lapses begin with reduced activity in anterior cingulate and right prefrontal regions that act in a top-down fashion to bias posterior sensory regions in favor of processing task relevant information. This reduced activation occurred before the stimuli used to test attention were presented, and was accompanied by decreasing sensory processing in the inferior occipital cortex. These prefrontal regions seem to modulate how well focused people are in the moment just before they have to perform. The same prefrontal areas implicated in focusing attention before stimulus presentation had greater activation. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada 3. Mastering In Enteringa. Master In Entering – Shifting the sensual consciousness to a jhanic consciousness. All factors of concentration is well developed. Mastery of resolution is very important.b. Discover new experience. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada 3. Mastering In Enteringc. When you know that preparations have been well made, and faculties developed to the near access, then the mind flies off to absorption or sinks into the object by the switching of the will power to direct the powers and development of previous practice towards the required direction.d. It is as if jumping off the diving board into the pool.e. It is like letting go of everything. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada 4. Mastering in Sustaininga. Making sure no one will disturb you.b. You are not worried about lunch or appointments.c. All “so-called important” maters are put aside.d. Making a very thorough practice that bring about lengthy sitting (at least 1 hour).e. Making suitable resolution for a fixed period.f. Making successive resolutions for increasing periods.g. Refresh and regenerate energy through joy. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada 5. Mastering in EmergingEmerging means emerging from the state of absorption: a. Based on time b. Based on the event or occasion. c. New born mind 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada6. Mastery In Retrospection/Reflection a. Reflection of the consciousness that has just passed. b. Reflection by the use of resolution. c. The reflection has often to be made many times but care must be made not to overdo it. d. One knows which absorption one has entered as well as the dissatisfaction of the lower factors. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of CanadaPresentation Schedule1. October 29 - The white lotus sutra by Dennis A.Yap + Meditation Practice by Tom2. November 5 - The white lotus sutra by Dennis A.Yap + Meditation Practice by Tom3. Nov. 12 - The white lotus sutra by Dennis A.Yap + Meditation Practice by Tom4. Nov. 19 - The white lotus sutra by Dennis A.Yap + Meditation Practice by Tom5. Nov. 26 - The white lotus sutra by Dennis A.Yap + Meditation Practice by Tom6. Dec. 3 - The white lotus sutra by Angela Masuzzo + Meditation Practice by Tom 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada Questions and Comments 討論www.ChamShanTemple.orgwww.shengguangshi.blogspot.comShengguangShi@hotmail.comShengguang Shi 釋聖光Tom Cheung 張相棠Kam Cheung 張仁勤Dennis A. Yap 葉普智 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada
    • Buddhist Association of Canada回向 yuàn xiāo zhàng zhū fán năo s ā nParinamana (Transfer of Merit) 願消三障諸煩惱 We wish to rid ourselves of the three hindrances and all klesas. yuàn dé zhì huì zhēn míng l ĭ a o 願得智慧 真 明了 We wish to gain wisdom and real understanding. pŭ yuàn zuì zhàng xī chú x i ā o 普願罪障悉消除 We wish all sinful hindrances to be totally eradicated. shì shì cháng xíng pú sà dào 世世常行菩薩道 In one life after another we always follow Bodhisattvas’ paths. 加拿大佛教會 © 2006 Buddhist Association of Canada