Buddhist Association of Canada Cham Shan Temple 加拿大佛教會 湛山精舍 禪修學佛入門 Introduction to Buddhism and Meditation 2011/06/18
Buddhist Association of Canada Cham Shan Temple ná mó fó tuó 南 無 佛 陀 Namo Buddha ná mó dá mó 南 無 達 摩 Namo Dharma ná mó sēng qié 南 無 僧 伽 Namo Sangha
námóbōrĕhuìshàngfópúsà(3 times) 南無般若會上佛菩薩 (三稱) Blessed be the Buddhas and Bodhisattvas in the Prajna Assembly. bōrĕbōluómìduōxīnjīng 般若波羅密多心經 PrajnaparamitaHrdaya Sutra (Heart Sutra)
guānzìzàipúsàxíngshēnbōrĕbōluómìduōshí zhàojiànwŭyùnjiēkōng 觀自在菩薩 行深般若波羅密多時 照見五蘊皆空 The Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara: When coursing in the deep Prajna Paramita, one perceives the five skandhas are sunyata;
sè jí shì kōng kōng jí shì sè shòu xiăng xíng shí yì fù rú shì 色即是空 空即是色 受想行識 亦復如是 Form is sunyata, and sunyata is form; the same is true for feelings, perceptions, volitions and consciousness. shĕ lì zĭ shì zhū fă kōng xiàng bù shēng bù miè bù gòu bù jìng 舍利子 是諸法空相 不生不滅 不垢不淨 Sariputra, the characteristics of sunyata of all dharmas are non-arising, non-ceasing, non-defiled, non-pure,
bù zēng bù jiăn shì gù kōng zhōng wú sè wú shòu xiăng xíng shí 不增不減 是故空中無色 無受想行識 non-increasing, non-decreasing. Therefore, in sunyata there are no forms, no feelings, perceptions, volitions or consciousness.
wú yăn ĕr bí shé shēn yì wú sè shēng xiāng wèi chù fă wú yăn jiè năi zhì wú yì shí jiè 無眼耳鼻舌身意 無色聲香味觸法 無眼界 乃至無意識界 No eye, ear, nose, tongue, body or mind; no form, sound, smell, taste, touch or mind object; no realm of the eye, until we come to no realm of consciousness.
wú wú míng yì wú wú míng jìn năi zhì wú lăo sĭ yì wú lăo sĭ jìn 無無明 亦無無明盡 乃至無老死 亦無老死盡 No ignorance and also no ending of ignorance, until we come to no old age and death and no ending of old age and death.
wú kŭ jí miè dào wú zhì yì wú dé yĭ wú suŏ dé gù 無苦集滅道 無智亦無得 以無所得故 Also, there is no truth of suffering, of the cause of suffering, of the cessation of suffering nor of the Path. There is no wisdom, and there is no attainment whatsoever.
pú tí sà duō yī bō rĕ bō luó mì duō gù xīn wú guà ài 菩提薩埵 依般若波羅密多故 心無罣礙 Because there is nothing to be attained, the Bodhisattva relying on Prajna Paramita has no obstruction in the mind. wú guà ài gù wú yŏu kŏng bù yuăn lí diān dăo mèng xiăng jiū jìng niè pán 無罣礙故 無有恐怖 遠離顛倒夢想 究竟涅槃 Because there is no obstruction, one has no fear and passes far beyond all confused imagination and reaches ultimate nirvana.
sān shì zhū fó yī bō rĕ bō luó mì duō gù dé ā nòu duō luó sān miăo sān pú tí 三世諸佛 依般若波羅密多故 得阿耨多羅三藐三菩提 The Buddhas of the past, present and future, by relying on Prajna Paramita, have attained anuttara samyak sambodhi.
gù zhī bō rĕ bō luó mì duō shì dà shén zhòu shì dà míng zhòu shì wú shàng zhòu 故知般若波羅密多 是大神咒 是大明咒 是無上咒 Therefore, the Prajna Paramita is the great spiritual mantra, the great illuminating mantra, the unsurpassed mantra,
shì wú dĕng dĕng zhòu néng chú yī qiè kŭ zhēn shí bù xū 是無等等咒 能除一切苦 真實不虛 the unequal equal mantra which can truly protect one from all suffering without fail. gù shuō bō rĕ bō luó mì duō zhòu jí shuō zhòu yuē 故說般若波羅密多咒 即說咒曰 Therefore he chanted the mantra of Prajna Paramita, saying:
jié dì jié dì bō luó jié dì bō luó sēng jié dì pú tí sà pó hē 揭諦揭諦 波羅揭諦 波羅僧揭諦 菩提薩婆訶 (三稱) Gate gate pāragate pārasamgate bodhi svāhā (3 times) ▽ ││ ○ ││ ○ ││ ○│ ◎ ││ mó hē bō rĕ bō luó mì duō 摩訶般若波羅密多 (三稱) Maha Prajñāpāramitā (3 times) ○ ││ ◎ ││ ○ ││ ○│ ○ ││ ○
Buddhist Practice and Cultivation in Four Lines 1 Take refuge in the Three Treasures of the Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha. 2 Earnestly cultivate the Three Perfections of Morality, Calmness, and Wisdom. 3 Shed the Three Poisons of Greed, Anger and Delusion. 4 Purify the Three Karmas of Action, Speech and Thought.
The Five Vehicles(Yanas) of Buddhism The term vehicle denotes a route than one can take on the path to enlightenment. Although the Way may seem distinct the Vehicles comprise a menu of options that travelers may use to complete their journey across the lifescape. Over time four main lineages or branches of Buddhism evolved to satisfy the sensibilities of the mixed multitudes who became attracted to the teachings of Buddha. The routes that these lineages took as they branched out spreading Buddhism globally characterizes some distinct expressions of Buddhism that exists today. May this presentation help you and others navigate along the Way to enlightenment.
FOUR VEHICLE LINEAGES OF BUDDHISM HinayanaSmaller Vehicle MahayanaGreat Vehicle TantrayanaDiamond Vehicle 560 BCE 100 CE 100 BCE – 100 CE 600 CE Arhat Nirvana Bodhisattva Buddhahood North India, Tibet, Bhutan, Mongolia, Nepal, China, Korea, Japan. North India, China, Tibet, Korea, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Japan. Also, in China the Ch'an tradition evolved, which was introduced into Japan, and there developed into Zen Shri Lanka, Thailand, Shri Lanka Shri Lanka, Thailand, Burma, Cambodia, Laos
Five VehiclesThree Vehicles 1). Human Purify Mind & Blissful Culture 2). Deva Celestial Being Doctrines 3). Sravaka (Small) Personal Liberation/Salvation 1+2). Liberated 4). Praetyka Buddha (Middle)Hinayana Personal Liberation/Salvation 5). Bodhisattva (Great) 3). BodhisattvaTranscendental GuideMahayana
The main objectives of this vehicle are to purify the human mind and to promote a blissful culture for humanity, so that one may realize a happy and blissful existence, and live in a wholesome state in this world. Confucianism is an example of this kind of vehicle.
Heaven & Hell 2. Deva Vehicle
All god-based religions belong to this deva/heaven vehicle. After death, one goes to heavens or hells, to the kingdom of one’s choice or the result of one’s karma. All Christian, Hindu, Muslim and any/all god-based religions belong to variations of this vehicle.
Personal Liberation 3. Sravaka Vehicle (Small)
Those who cultivate for the sake of personal liberation and aspiration for personal salvation. The highest level of attainment for cultivators of Small Vehicle Buddhism is the Arahat. This also refers to those who have heard the words of the Buddha and set forth with wisdom, not blind faith or beliefs. Existential questioning is a good example. All beliefs and dogmas are challenged, questioned, researched and meditated upon until one comes to a realization of liberation.
Personal Liberation 4. Pratyeka Vehicle (Medium)
The awakening to co-operative causes (dependent originations) vehicle without hearing the words of the Buddha. Instead of hearing the Buddha’s words, people who choose this vehicle enhance their lives over mundane living by observing/studying origins of life/the universe, cause and effect and teach others about these theories. Great scientists like Professor Steven Hawking are a good example because he became the world’s top physicist exploring the origin of the universe unhampered by his physical handicap.
The doctrines of the Bodhisattva Vehicle are for the salvation and enlightenment of one’s self as well as for other sentient beings. The best example of this in modern times was Mother Teresa who was a Christian but sacrificed herself for the benefit of non-Christians.
Realization 6. One Vehicle
The Five Vehicles are merely expedient means; their purpose is to direct people toward Ekayana, the Buddhahood or One Vehicle, the ultimate, complete and perfect enlightenment. One should not differentiate people on the basis of their religious beliefs but simply recognizes the vehicles they have chosen because all beings are on spiritual journeys one way or another.
MEDITATION 8. Navigation The Five Vehicles can be seen as stages of development that the Buddha expounded at different times during his life’s pilgrimage. The perspectives gained by the five can help foster tolerance amidst the range of Buddhist expressions and to support each Aspirants’ sensibilities, temperament, as their conditions may change over time.
Above all, the ultimate, perfect and complete truth of Buddha is One Buddha Vehicle. In Buddhism, the Five Vehicle are established to facilitate the human beings to understand the reality of Buddhahood. As revealed in the Lotus Sutra, the teaching of One Buddha Vehicle is unconceivable and beyond words.
A little wisdom is like a small lamp in the dark; as the wisdom develops the lamp glows and eventually it is like daylight and everything is crystal clear. The Buddha claimed that the Awakening he rediscovered is accessible to anyone willing to put forth the effort and commitment required to pursue the Noble Eightfold Path to its end. It is up to each of us individually to put that claim to the test.
Basic Terms 10 Chinese schools Life story of the Buddha Buddhist History in India Buddhist History in China Practice
The Ten Schools of Chinese Buddhism: 1. Reality School or Kosa School or Abhidharma School.2. Satysiddhi School or Cheng-se School. 3. Three Sastra School or San-lun School.4. The Lotus School or T'ien-t'ai School 5. The Garland School or Hua-yen School or Avatamsaka School. 6. Intuitive School or Ch'an School or Dhyana School.7. Discipline School or Lu School or Vinaya School. 8. Esoteric School or Mi School or Mantra School.9. Dharmalaksana School or Wei-Shi School or Fa-siang School.10. Pure-land School or Sukhavati School or Ching-t'u School. 中国的佛教共分十宗，分别是：俱舍宗、成实宗、三论宗、天台宗、华严宗、唯识宗、律宗、禅宗、净土宗、密宗。
The following topics are for the upcoming Saturday Meditation Class: June 18 to the end of August - Heart Sutra by Ven. Shengguang Shi (1st hour) June 18 – Five Vehichles by Moshay Allen (2nd Hour) June 25 - Pure Land School by Jimmy Li July 2 - Esoteric School by Edward Malek July 9 - Chan School by Kitty Cheung July 16 - Satysiddhi School by Waifun Lai
Questions and Comments 討論 www.ChamShanTemple.org www.shengguangshi.blogspot.com ShengguangShi@hotmail.com Shengguang Shi 釋聖光 Tom Cheung 張相棠 Kam Cheung 張仁勤 Dennis Yap 葉普智