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Buddhist Association of Canada Cham Shan Temple 加拿大佛教會 湛山精舍 禪修學佛入門 Introduction to Buddhism and Meditation 2011/03/26
Buddhist Association of Canada Cham Shan Temple ná mó fó tuó 南 無 佛 陀 Namo Buddha ná mó dá mó 南 無 達 摩 Namo Dharma ná mó sēng qié 南 無 僧 伽 Namo Sangha
Meditation禪修 Towards a Liberated and Enlightened Life 煩惱輕智慧長
Buddhist Practice and Cultivation in Four Lines 1 Take refuge in the Three Treasures of the Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha. 2 Earnestly cultivate the Three Perfections of Morality, Calmness, and Wisdom. 3 Shed the Three Poisons of Greed, Anger and Delusion. 4 Purify the Three Karmas of Action, Speech and Thought.
Basic Terms 5 aggregates (skandhas) 4 elements 6 sense organs, 6 sense objects, 6 sense consciousness 12 links of causation (nidāna) 4 noble truths and 8 fold path 6 paramitas 4 persuasions 3 / 5 vehicles 10 realms
Walking Meditation Being mindful on Steps, Breathing, Counting or Smiling. Choosing an object of attention Using a phrase or mantra as an object of attantion e.g. “NamoAmituofo ” Walking to feel appreciation Walking to find peace Walking to experience miracle Walking to see Four Noble Truths Walking to understand suffering Walking to cultivate compassion Walking to exercise compassion like an enlightened one
Sitting Meditation Regulating Body, Breathing and Mind Counting breaths Following breaths Focusing on one point Sustained attention on the present moment – Don’t let your mind fall into the future (expectations) or the past (experiences). Silent awareness of the present moment – Stop inner commentaries, judgements. Letting go of diversity, desires, experiences, commentaries by focusing on breathing. Count your breaths from 1-10, 10 times.
II. The Noble Truth of the Origin of Suffering The second noble truth is the truth of the origin or cause of suffering, and here the Buddha states that craving is the origin of suffering. This craving can be understood as the cause of suffering at two different levels, one psychological, the other ‘existential’.
III. The Noble Truth of the Cessation of Suffering If craving is the cause of suffering, then the way to eliminate suffering is to eliminate craving. The cessation of suffering is ‘Nirvana’ Two levels: Psychological & Existential
IV. The Noble Truth of the Way to the Cessation of Suffering Prescribes how the cure can be accomplished. The overcoming of tanha (craving & attachment) , the way out of our captivity is through the Noble Eightfold Path. The Noble Eightfold Path: Right view, Right Intention, Right Speech, Right Action, Right Livelihood, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness and Right Concentration
The Noble Eightfold Path Wisdom: Right View and Right Intention are the wisdom path. Right View is not about believing in doctrine, but in perceiving the true nature of ourselves and the world around us. Right Intention refers to the energy and commitment one needs to be fully engaged in Buddhist practice. Ethical Conduct: Right Speech, Right Action and Right Livelihood are the ethical conduct path. This calls us to take care in our speech, our actions, and our daily lives to do no harm to others and to cultivate wholesomeness in ourselves. This part of the path ties into the Precepts. Mental Discipline: Through Right Effort, Right Mindfulness, and Right Concentration we develop the mental discipline to cut through delusion. Many schools of Buddhism encourage seekers to meditate to achieve clarity and focus of mind.
Chapters Nine and TenFour Great Mountains in China Match the followings in pairs: Wu Tai ShanKshitagarbha JiuHua Shan Avalokitesvara PuTuo ShanSamantabhadra Emei Shan Manjusri What are these Bodhisattvas representing in Buddhism? Which mountain is the most popular wayplace for Chinese and Tebetan Buddhists practicing together? Where is Buddha’s Sarira kept in Wu Tai Shan? Which mountain is famous in having corporeal bodies of monks and nuns? Why did a Japanese monk build a temple at Putuo Shan? What are the key senic sites at Emei Shan?
Chan Master Wu Xia 無暇禪師 The Corporeal Body Hall houses the skeleton of Monk Wu Xia has been well preserved for more than 350 years. Wu Xia once wrote sutras with a mixture of gold powder and his own blood in a cave of Mt. Jiuhua during Ming Dynasty. After hard practice of sutras for a hundred year in Mt. Jiuhua, Wu Xia passed away at the age of 126. His body was found in the cave three years after his death. Monks on the mountain believed Wu Xia was the reincarnation of Bodhisattva. From then on, Buddhist believers have been keen to visit the mountain to pay homage to the monk.