Maths in Year 3,4 5 and 6
How we teach.
Emphasis on mental calculation
Different approach to written calculation
Maths through problem solving
We DO have text books!!
Maths is fun!
The aim is for children to do mathematics in
their heads, and if the numbers are too large,
to use pencil and paper to avoid losing track.
To do this children need to learn quick and
efficient methods, including appropriate
written and mental methods.
We want children to be
able to ask themselves
• Can I do this in my head?
• Can I do this in my head using drawings or
• Do I need to use an expanded/compact written
• Do I need a calculator?
Finally – is my answer sensible?
Key Skills Learnt in FS/Y1 and Y2
Children need to have a sound foundation in
Early Years and Year 1 and 2 maths to be able to
access the curriculum in Years 3,4,5 and 6
It is essential they know:
• Number bonds- two numbers that when
added together make 10, 20, 30 etc
• Times tables 2,5,10
• Adding multiples of 10 with ease
Know the value of every digit that makes up a
It’s essential to understanding all number
When the children move onto formal compact
calculations (as you are more familiar with) they
MUST have this knowledge so they can check for
Once children understand place value they can
partition a number efficiently.
Partitioning of numbers is key to all the
strategies used in Primary maths.
Numberlines for addition and
• In years 1 and 2 we use consecutive numbers
• In years 3-6 children still use the counting up
and back strategies but often on EMPTY
25 + 47 =
Use the counting up method!!
So we start at the biggest number…47
And count up 25 places
What number do we end on???
25 + 47 =
+ 34 = 57
Use the Counting Up Strategy
Remember -You need to think about:
What number shall I start with on my
What number do we want to count up by?
Are there any number bonds that can help
+ 34 = 57
So what is
10 + 10 + 3 = 23
34 = 57
Children are taught to
understand subtraction as
taking away (counting back)
and finding the difference
Can I use the counting up strategy for
Have a look at this question!
43 – 27 =
What number shall I start from on my number line?
What number do I want to get to?
What number shall count on by?
Can any number bond make counting on easier for me?
10 + 3 + 3 = 16