Galutinis atliekų rūšiavimas ir perdirbimas lietuvoje
W aste sorting andrecycling in Lithuania Presentation made by students from “Žiburys“ gymnasium 2012-2013 m.
Why do we need to sort waste? A lot of secondary materials accumulated; Saves natural resources and energy; Reduces the expense of waste management; Litter decomposition takes a very long time; Litter pollutes nature, does harm to plants, animals and people.
How to sort your waste correctly? Paper Paper containers can contain: newspapers; magazines and other printings; envelopes, flyers, printing and writing paper, books without hard covers; cardboard boxes; corrugated cardboard boxes; packing paper.
GlassGlass containers can contain:bottles; Bottles and jars should be clean, without plugs, rings and foil.jars;other glass waste.
PlasticPlastic containers can contain: plastic PET bottles; plastic containers from sauces, mayonnaise, dish detergent, shampoo; Packets should be clean. polyethylene film; other plastic packets, toys, dishes.
MetalIn Lithuania, we collect metal waste and take it to metal buying points or put it into containers for glass.The following items can be put into containers for glass : Food tins; Cans of drinks; Aluminun plates and baking tins; Metal covers, boxes and all other metal packing waste.
Household wasteWe can put into household waste containers : Inappropriate paper for recycling (like wallpapers); Inappropriate glass for recycling (like mirrors, porcelain); Inappropriate plastic for recycling (like oil tanks); Inappropriate metal for recycling (like cans with paints, aerosol cans); Other household waste.
Sorting in LithuaniaLithuania is considered a beginner country in sorting;Lithuania is one of the last countries in the European Union in terms of sorting waste;In the EU, we are the second from the end in waste sorting.
ContainersIn Lithuania waste is sorted into containers which are called bells.
Number of containers600 inhabitants in Lithuanian townsand 800 – in villages share one set of containers. However, in Šakiai district thereare even 2,5 times more containers then there has to be: 192 inhabitants in town and 724 – in villages use one set of containers.
Waste management companies Ltd. “Ekonovus”, which has its own subunit in all Lithuania and also, in our town Šakiai. Ltd. “Marijampolės apskrities atliekų tvarkymo centras”, which also manages waste in our town Šakiai.
What is waste remaking? Remaking is aprocess, which allows repeatedly use recycled waste.
Why do we have to remake waste? Manufacturing new things from secondary raw materials, we not only protect nature, but also we save its resources; Each ton of recycled paper or cardboard saves 17 trees, 26 460 liter of water and enough energy that an ordinary house would be made winterproof for 6 months; Even one third of truncated trees are used for paper production in the whole world. Probably, only few people think that the same paper can be recycled even 4-6 times;
Glass can be recycled for thousands of times without any harm to its quality; It is enough to recycle just one glass bottle and you will save enough quantity of energy for your computer to work for 20 minutes. Three recycled bottles – an hour already; If we don‘t change the attitude fowards sorting in the society, barely within a few years we will have filled completely all the existing dumps.
Lithuania has high industrial capacity of recycling paper Taken together the Pabradė,Klaipėda, Grigiškės and NaujiejiVerkiai, could recycle about 40 thousand tonnes of paper and cardboard waste a year.However, in Lithuania only 25% of all this quantity is collected and the other part is imported.