Twitter for Teaching and Cognitive Apprenticeships Tom Caswell Jon Thomas   Instructional Technology  & Learning Sciences ...
What is               ? <ul><ul><li>Free status update service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;What's happening?&quot; in...
TwHistory: Historical Reenactments with Twitter <ul><ul><li>Why Twitter? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People: represente...
<ul><li>&quot;History is written by the winners.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>George Orwell 4 February 1944...
Representing Historical Perspectives <ul><ul><li>Based on journals, letters, and primary sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><u...
Future Directions for TwHistory <ul><ul><li>Upcoming Reenactments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1847 Pioneer Trek </li></...
Cognitive Apprenticeship  <ul><ul><li>Modeling  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coaching  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scaffoldin...
Modeling Challenges <ul><ul><li>Expert availability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Over My Shoulder Videos (Dickey, 2008) ...
Twitter for Modeling <ul><ul><li>One-way follow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow experts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unedi...
Professional Uptake <ul><ul><li>OSS developer community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication fields </li></ul></ul><ul...
Obstacles for Twitter Modeling <ul><ul><li>Professional vs. personal tweets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires openness (...
Future Directions <ul><ul><li>Other Disciplines? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><l...
Questions? Tom Caswell [email_address] Jon Thomas [email_address] Please visit TwHistory.org &quot;Those who forget histor...
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Twitter for Teaching and Cognitive Apprenticeships

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A presentation at the 2010 Graduate Research Symposium, held at Utah State University March 31, 2010. Presenters: Jon Thomas and Tom Caswell.

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  • Modeling teacher performs a task so students can observe    Coaching teacher observes and facilitates while students perform a task    Scaffolding teacher provides supports to help the student perform a task    Articulation teacher encourages students to verbalize their knowledge and thinking    Reflection teacher enables students to compare their performance with others    Exploration teacher invites students to pose and solve their own problems 
  • Expert availability - if the teacher is not an expert in the given field 
  • Follow Barack Obama
  • facebook    businesses, marketing
  • Transcript of "Twitter for Teaching and Cognitive Apprenticeships"

    1. 1. Twitter for Teaching and Cognitive Apprenticeships Tom Caswell Jon Thomas   Instructional Technology  & Learning Sciences Utah State University
    2. 2. What is               ? <ul><ul><li>Free status update service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;What's happening?&quot; in 140 characters or less </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20 million visitors per month </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>19% of US Internet users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Messages = &quot;tweets&quot; </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. TwHistory: Historical Reenactments with Twitter <ul><ul><li>Why Twitter? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People: represented by individual accounts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communication: messages + timeline </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simplicity and ubiquity </li></ul></ul></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>&quot;History is written by the winners.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>George Orwell 4 February 1944 </li></ul>
    5. 5. Representing Historical Perspectives <ul><ul><li>Based on journals, letters, and primary sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Represent multiple perspectives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory and collaborative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students as information evaluators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cuban Missile Crisis Example </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Future Directions for TwHistory <ul><ul><li>Upcoming Reenactments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1847 Pioneer Trek </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lewis and Clark expedition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primary source usage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Constructing & appreciating pluralistic perspectives  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improvements to TwHistory.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>streamlining the authoring process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>allowing reuse of existing reenactments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sharing sources and lesson plans </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Cognitive Apprenticeship <ul><ul><li>Modeling  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coaching  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scaffolding  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Articulation  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflection  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exploration </li></ul></ul>(Collins, Brown, & Hollum, 1991)
    8. 8. Modeling Challenges <ul><ul><li>Expert availability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Over My Shoulder Videos (Dickey, 2008) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Telepresence (Edmonson, 2005) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observing the expert performance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Real world projects </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Twitter for Modeling <ul><ul><li>One-way follow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow experts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unedited &quot;snapshots&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>blogs vs. twitter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides a window into professional practice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>similar to talk-aloud </li></ul></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Professional Uptake <ul><ul><li>OSS developer community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology intensive fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing & business </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Obstacles for Twitter Modeling <ul><ul><li>Professional vs. personal tweets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires openness (may not be possible in all fields) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relies heavily on technology/communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be limited to certain fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May not be effective if forced </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Future Directions <ul><ul><li>Other Disciplines? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Engineering </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Math </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal vs. Professional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Will professional use increase over time? </li></ul></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Questions? Tom Caswell [email_address] Jon Thomas [email_address] Please visit TwHistory.org &quot;Those who forget history are doomed to retweet it.&quot;
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