Taiwo presentation chapter 4

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Taiwo presentation chapter 4

  1. 1. TAIWO OLUGBILE MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY BIOLOGY 120 SECTION WW2 FRACTURES PRESENTATION
  2. 2. FRACTURES <ul><li>A fracture is a break in the continuity of the bone caused by trauma, twisting as a result of muscle spasm or indirect loss of leverage, or bone decalcification and disease that result in osteopenia </li></ul>
  3. 3. TYPES OF FRACTURES <ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Greenstick </li></ul><ul><li>Comminuted </li></ul>
  4. 4. Simple Fracture <ul><li>Skin over the fractured area remains intact </li></ul>
  5. 5. Greenstick Fracture <ul><li>Greenstick fracture: One side of the bone is broken and the other is bent; these fractures occur most commonly in children </li></ul>
  6. 6. Comminuted Fracture <ul><li>The bone is splintered or crushed, with three or more fragments </li></ul>
  7. 7. Assessment of Fracture with Extremity <ul><li>Pain or tenderness over the involved area </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease or loss of muscular strength or function </li></ul><ul><li>Obvious deformity of the affected area </li></ul><ul><li>Crepitations, erythema, edema, or brushings </li></ul>
  8. 8. Initial care of a fracture of an extremity <ul><li>Immobilize affected extremity with cast or splint </li></ul><ul><li>Assess neurovascular status of the extremity </li></ul>
  9. 9. Interventions for a Fracture <ul><li>Reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Fixation </li></ul><ul><li>Traction </li></ul><ul><li>Cast </li></ul>
  10. 10. References <ul><li>Saunders Comprehensive Review for the NCLEX-RN review </li></ul><ul><li>http://medicalimages.allrefer.com/large/bone-fracture-repair-series.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.advancedorthosports.com/Services.aspx?title=Fracture%20Care </li></ul>
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