Report on ventolin, ciprofloxacin, and robitussin

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  • 1. Report on Ventolin, Ciprofloxacin, and Robitussin Created by Temitope Olubode
  • 2. Ventolin
    • Generic Name: albuterol inhalation (al BYOO ter all)
    • Brand Names: Accuneb, ProAir HFA, Proventil, Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA
  • 3. What is Ventolin?
    • Ventolin is a sympathomimetic (beta agonist) bronchodilator that relaxes the smooth muscle in the airways which allows air to flow in and out of the lungs more easily
    • Ventolin is used to treat or prevent bronchospasm in people with reversible obstructive airway disease.
    • It is also used to prevent exercise-induced bronchospasm
  • 4. Before using Ventolin
    • Be sure that you are not allergic to albuterol.
    • tell your doctor if you have heart disease, high blood pressure, or congestive heart failure
    • a heart rhythm disorder, a seizure disorder such as epilepsy,diabetes or overactive thyroid.
    • If you have certain conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use this medication.
  • 5. Ventolin side effects
    • Signs of an allergic reaction: hives, difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat
    • bronchospasm (wheezing, chest tightness, trouble breathing), especially after starting a new canister of this medicine
    • chest pain and fast, pounding, or uneven heart beats ,tremor, nervousness
    • low potassium (confusion, uneven heart rate, extreme thirst, increased urination, leg discomfort, muscle weakness or limp feeling); or
  • 6. Administration Information
    • Priming:
    • Priming Ventolin HFA is essential to ensure appropriate albuterol content in each actuation.
    • To prime Ventolin HFA, release 4 sprays into the air away from the face, shaking well before each spray.
    • Prime Ventolin HFA before using for the first time:
    • when the inhaler has not been used for more than 2 weeks
    • when the inhaler has been dropped
  • 7. Cleaning:
    • To ensure proper dosing and to prevent actuator orifice blockage, wash the actuator with warm water and let it air-dry completely at least once a week
  • 8. Dose Counter:
    • Ventolin HFA has a dose counter attached to the canister that starts at 204 or 64 and counts down each time a spray is released
    • When the counter reads 020, the patient should contact the pharmacist for a refill of medication
    • consult the physician to determine whether a prescription refill is needed
  • 9. Important information about Ventolin
    • It is important to keep Ventolin on hand at all times
    • Get prescriptions refilled before you run out of medicine completely
    • Keep using all of your other medications as prescribed by your doctor
  • 10. Ciprofloxacin
    • Generic Name: ciprofloxacin (oral) (SIP roe FLOX a sin)
    • Brand names: Cipro, Cipro XR, Proquin XR, Cipro I.V., Cipro Cystitis Pack
  • 11. What is ciprofloxacin?
    • Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic in a group of drugs called fluoroquinolones which are used to fight bacteria in the body
    • Ciprofloxacin is used to treat different types of bacterial infections. It may also be used to prevent or slow anthrax after exposure.
  • 12. Before taking ciprofloxacin
    • Be sure you are not allergic to ciprofloxacin or similar medications such as levofloxacin (Levaquin), and others
    • Tell your doctor if you have a heart rhythm disorder
    • joint problems
    • kidney or liver disease
    • epilepsy or seizures
    • diabetes
    • low levels of potassium in your blood (hypokalemia); or
    • a personal or family history of "Long QT syndrome."
    • If you have any of these other conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take ciprofloxacin
  • 13. Side effects of Ciprofloxacin
    • Swelling or tearing of a tendon (the fiber that connects bones to muscles in the body), especially in the Achilles' tendon of the heel
    • These effects may be more likely to occur if you are over 60
  • 14. Important information about ciprofloxacin
    • Do not take ciprofloxacin with dairy products such as milk or yogurt, or with calcium-fortified juice
    • They could make the medication less effective
    • It is not known whether ciprofloxacin is harmful to an unborn baby
    • Do not use ciprofloxacin without telling your doctor if you are pregnant
    • Tell your doctor if you become pregnant during treatment
    • Ciprofloxacin passes into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby
    • Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby
    • Do not share this medication with another person (especially a child), even if they have the same symptoms you have
  • 15. Robitussin DM
    • Brand Name: Robitussin-DM
    • Generic Drug : Dextromethorphan-Guaifenesin
  • 16. What is Robitussin DM?
    • Robitussin DM is an over-the-counter cough suppressant and expectorant.
    • Robitussin DM helps control your cough and thin secretions so the cough is more productive
  • 17. Active Ingredients (in each 5ml teaspoon):
    • Dextromethorphan HBr 10mg (cough suppressant)
    • Guafenisen 100mg (expectorant)
  • 18. Dosage:
    • Adults 12 and older - Two teaspoons every four hours as needed for cough. Do not take more than six doses in 24 hours.
    • Children ages six to 12 - One teaspoon every four hours. Do not take more than six doses in 24 hours.
    • Children ages two to six - One half (1/2) teaspoon every four hours. Do not take more than six doses in 24 hours.
    • Children under age two - Ask your doctor
  • 19. Uses for Robitussin DM:
    • Temporary relief of cough due to throat irritation from:
    • Common Cold
    • Flu
    • Inhaled Irritants
    • Helps loosen phlegm (mucous) and thins bronchial secretions to make cough more productive
  • 20. Side Effects of Robitussin DM:
    • Drowsiness or dizziness
    • Hives or skin rash
    • Nausea, stomach pain or vomiting
  • 21. Serious side effects that should be reported to your doctor immediately:
    • Confusion
    • Excitement, nervousness or restlessness
    • Severe nausea and vomiting
    • Slurred speech
    • Seizures or convulsions - in children
    • Shakey movements - in children
    • Slow or troubled breathing - in children
  • 22. Important information about Robitussin DM
    • Do not use this medication if you are taking an MAOI (medication for depression, psychiatric, emotional conditions or Parkinson's disease)
    • or for two weeks after stopping an MAOI
  • 23. Ask a Doctor Before Use:
    • If you have a chronic cough that is caused by asthma, smoking or emphysema
    • If you have a cough that produces a lot of mucous
    • If you are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • 24. Caution:
    • Stop use and ask doctor if:
    • Pain or cough worsens or lasts more than seven days
    • Cough occurs with fever, headache or rash won't go away
  • 25. References:
    • http://www.drugs.com/ventolin.html
    • http://www.drugs.com/cipro.html
    • http://coldflu.about.com/od/medications/bb/robitussindm.htm