Prelims - The Shyam Bhatt Memorial Open Quiz 2013 at AFMC Pune
The Shyam Bhatt Memorial Open Quiz 2013Researched and conducted for AFMC by: Major Chandrakant Nair
37 questions Questions 11-20 are starred and will be used to resolve ties, if any In case of questions with multiple parts (no question has more than three parts in the prelims), nothing for getting a single part, 0.5 points for getting 2/3 and one full point for getting all three Top 8 teams in the finals
Puerto Rico has been discussed widely as the potential 51st state of the United States. While campaigning in Florida in Jan 2012, Republican presidential candidate Newt Gingrich called for the entry of another region as the 51st state into the American Union - “I think the number is 13,000 — when we have 13,000 Americans living there, they can petition to become a state.” Where?
Silver Nitrate, on exposure to NaCl and proteins with exposed sulphur atoms, forms salts that are largely pale. But light soon reacts with the silver and removes it from its compounds, depositing it as a metal. What is the most common application of this process?
This 1965 book was one of the first self-defence books aimed specifically at women. It was put together by X, using the knowledge of martial arts and judo learned for a 1961 project, with help from X’s teachers Joe Robinson and Doug Robinson. Just identify X.
It is a term for an unspecified but reasonably large number. The OED dates its use back to 1918 and points to its derivation from the term for “A fanciful verbal representation of the dash (—) in Morse code.” What term?
A Celtic God worshipped in ancient Gaul and Roman Britain, his name means tribal protector/father of the tribe. In fact, every tribe of these lands had their own version of the god. He is also the subject of a famous catchphrase from the Asterix comics. For what other passing mention does he feature in this quiz? Image in the next slide.
“I have carried the manuscript of these translations with me for days, reading it in railway trains, or on the top of omnibuses and in restaurants, and I have often had to close it lest some stranger would see how much it moved me.” Excerpt from the introduction to a book that was written at the request of (and dedicated to) English painter William Rothenstein, who also made a pencil sketch on the front piece of the book. Which book? Who wrote the introduction?
It happens around 20 times a year, spaced at 2 week intervals usually, and is accompanied by a music excerpt from Georges Bizets Carmen suite #1. What?
They are a small community physically divided between Israel and Palestine. They are direct descendants of the Northern tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh and take their name from an ancient capital of Israel. As of January 1, 2012, there were 751 of them divided between four families, half of whom reside in their modern homes at Kiryat Luza on Mount Gerizim which is sacred to them, and the rest in the city of Holon, just outside Tel Aviv. Identify this community whose name is today used in a popular metaphor. Image in the next slide.
Arthur Mailey played 21 Test matches for Australia between 1920 and 1926 and holds the record for the best bowling figures in an innings by an Australian cricketer with 9/121 against England in February 1921. Also, in a first-class match during the 1921 tour, he took all 10 wickets against Gloucestershire in the second innings. He named his autobiography after his bowling figures in this match and also as a reference to a famous work of parody. Gimme his bowling figures OR Name the autobiography.
Pule or Donkey Cheese that sells for over $500/pound is deemed the world’s most expensive cheese. The creation is intensive and takes 25 liters of donkey milk for production of 1 kg of pule. In late 2012, X bought the entire existing stock of Pule, produced by a single farm in Zasavica, to ensure that it is served only in the restaurant chain he was launching in his home country. Incidentally, X also featured in a cameo role in the 2012 sequel to a 2010 action movie, which was edited out in the final version. Who is X?
Usually light green in colour, it primarily contains arkosic sand composed of quartz grains and feldspar. Individual pieces are usually 1 cm thick and weigh several gms. As a rule, one surface is smooth while the other side has a highly irregular texture. Available at only one location worldwide (much of which has already been bulldozed), its collection from the source is illegal at present. However, material that was taken prior to this prohibition in the 1950s is still in the hands of collectors. Images in the next 2 slides show the specimens and Aga Khan IV with one such souvenir. What is this material?
X is a 35 km long river which runs down from the southern Highlands of Scotland to the River Clyde. The name X, which runs very close to the campus of Glasgow University, was adopted in 1892 by a professor who researched and taught there. This name died with him, as he was survived by neither heirs nor close relations. The name was absolutely immortalized by Stanislaw Lem, who named the protagonist of his most famous book after this professor. Name the river/professor/character.
Featured is a song from Blink 182’s 1997 album ‘Dude Ranch’. The title and lyrics of the song are references to the 1958 Academy Award winning Walt Disney documentary ‘White Wilderness’. What is the lasting legacy of this documentary? Audio Removed Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CvCrNQGaZUQ
X is a location that owes its name to the martyrdom of a person (after whom is named the place where the only stadium in the world to have hosted both a Football World Cup final and a Rugby World Cup final is located). There is also an alternate theory that proposes the origin of name X to the temples of two Roman gods located there. Sculpting material Y (the active derivative of which is called Modroc) gets its name from the fact that it was initially sourced from mines in X. Solve for X and Y.
Nilambur is a town in the Malappuram district of Kerala, and is famous its teak plantations. The town is home to Conolly’s Plot, the oldest teak plantation in the world and the Teak Museum, the only one of its kind in the entire world. The teak wood from Nilambur has traditionally been used by a 108 year-old company whose almost every product is made-to- order. Wood from a single tree is used exclusively in a single product so as to maintain uniformity of grain, colour and age. Each item is said to feature up to 41 different wooden panels and teak from a single tree pushes the price tag up by at least 2 lakhs. What are these products?
Primarily a response to various audible stimuli, they are 10-100 metres long on an average, and rarely do reach 500 metres. One such in northern Alberta, Canada, in 2010 was described to be so large (spanning about 900 metres) that it was visible from space, appearing in NASA satellite imagery from the 1990s. What? Image in the next slide.
The Five Obstructions is a 2003 experimental Danish film by Lars von Trier and his friend-mentor-director Jorgen Leth. The movie involves Lars von Trier setting a challenge for Leth: to re- make Leth’s 1967 pseudo-anthropological short, ‘The Perfect Human’, but with a certain number of ‘obstructions’ in place. One of the obstructions was that Leth had to re-make the film in the most dreadful place on earth, with von Trier starring in it himself, and evoking the place without actually filming it. Leth chose to set it in X and with re-enactment of a scene against a translucent screen which allowed viewers to see the crowd of women and children behind the screen. Identify X. Image in the next slide.
Jalalpur Sharif is a small town in the Punjab district of Pakistan, the sharif suffix coming from the Shrine of Pir Syed Ghulam Haidar Ali Shah. The town is also close to Khewra salt mines, the worlds second largest. However, the town is most famous as the burial place of X, famously distressed by a shadow, and with a name meaning ‘ox-head’. Identify X.
The National Health Service (NHS), the publicly funded healthcare system of England, is the largest and the oldest such system in the world. The “free at point of use” set-up, established in 1948, is funded through the general taxation system. The conception of this acclaimed model is attributed, to a large extent, to a towering 1930s account by a young doctor that exposed the severe inadequacies of health care in the country. The doctor asked for a free public health service in order to beat the wiles of doctors who “raised guinea-snatching and the bamboozling of patients to an art form.” Name this account. What connects this account to the coal mines of Chhindwara in Madhya Pradesh?
Soon after his death, a legislation was introduced to honor him. The medium chosen for this purpose was selected to pay tributes to his efforts in the founding of the late 1930s initiative X that began with a request to children. X was named after a 1931-1945, 30-minute long, weekly US radio news series Y that used material from the Time magazine and was described to be “the first radio newsreel that dramatized news events, staged with sound effects and music, put together like a newspaper.” Who? Which medium? Also name X or Y.
Video of the opening ceremony of the 2012 Paralympics. What is the stadium representative of in this segment? Also, what is represented by the silver umbrellas (Image in the next slide)? Video Removed Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AC-EemopkvU (From 0:40 to 1:20)
Technically, they are seals generally bearing a coat of arms, made by intaglio engraving either in metal or gemstones. Since they are used to attest the authority of its bearer, they have been traditionally seen as a symbol of his power, which explains their inclusion in the regalia of many monarchs. The distinctive appearance of the early stages of immature trophozoites of the malaria parasite in the Red Blood Cells is also named after them. What are we talking about? Image in the next slide.
Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian, like its predecessor, depicts artifacts at the Federal Archives at the Smithsonian Institution coming to life during night. The movie has a scene where the Larry Daley (played by Ben Stiller) fends off fictional pharaoh Kahmunrah and his minions using a three-pronged tool called a pitchfork used in the removal of loose agricultural material like hay, leaves, and dung. Where does Larry get this instrument from?
Named after Vittal Kini and his wife Rukmini Kini (in recognition of the generous donation made by their granddaughter Dhamya Ramadas Kini), it was inaugurated by Rajdeep Sardesai, Editor-in-Chief of CNN-IBN on March 6, 2010 by unveiling a portrait of his father and eminent cricketer, late Dilip Sardesai. What? Image in the next slide.
On the fourth anniversary of King Faruks exile, Gamal Abdel Nasser appeared in Muhammad Ali Square in Alexandria where twenty months earlier an assassin had attempted to kill him. An immense crowd gathered, and he began a three-hour speech from a few notes jotted on the back of an envelope. During his speech, Nasser uttered someone’s name that was a code for an Army engineer named Colonel Mahmoud Yunis to commence something that he was tasked with. What was the code word? What did Yunis do?
X loved sports and was a die-hard fan of Muhammad Ali, confessing on record that he dreamt of meeting Ali some day. While on a 14-city-US tour in 1979, X took time out from his schedule and took a flight to Kentucky along with his 18-year- old-son and wife. The son recounts: “Ali was aware that my father was a big man in India. He came and sat down. Maybe it was exciting for him to meet my father and he said, I am the great Muhammad Ali from America and you are the great X from India. My father wanted to remember this moment and Ali had an idea. Ali said, We will pose like this. You punch me on the face and I will punch you back. And they laughed about it.” Identify X. Image in the next slide.
There are only 3 individuals who have received the highest distinction in the Soviet Union (Hero of the Soviet Union) as well as the highest peacetime gallantry award in India (Asoka Chakra). Two of them are Yury Vasilyevich Malyshev and Gennadi Mikhailovich Strekalov. Who is the third person?
This term X is supposed to have originated from a Dutch word spelled kwakzalver. The phonetic similarity of this word to Y, slipped into counterfeit medications might suggest a connection between the two, but there isn’t any recorded evidence that the substance Y led to the name X. What are X and Y?
The following are some examples that were nominated by the media to help aid the mission to revive the language of Latin: - LOL – Magna voce ride - Lovin it – Id amans - Just do it! – Fac! - Girl power – Puellae potestas The process itself was set in motion by “Unitati christifidelium integre studentes quid iubet Dominus? Orare semper, iustitiam factitare, amare probitatem, humiles Secum ambulare”. It was also pointed out that the above quote was, technically, not the first instance of Latin used. So, what was the first Latin word used?
“When I saw his condition, I couldnt say a word. He looked like a skeleton of himself. I had tears in my eyes. You never have a sense of the tallness of the man; he was 6-foot-5, with a huge head, huge eyes, a boom-boom voice”, was how Dilip K Basu, currently a Professor Emeritus at the History Department of the University of Santa Cruz, CA, described the deathbed appearance of someone. Mr. Basu was this person’s lifeline in his last days, bringing him everything from bags of granola, books, a VCR and finally something else, the delivery of which was captured on video. What was this last item that Mr. Basu delivered? For what purpose was the video taken?
What is marked by this memorial? What is marked by this memorial?
The Campeonato Paulista, established in 1902, is the top-flight professional football league in the Brazilian state of Sao Paulo. However due to a difference in opinion, in 1913, the APEA (Paulista Athletic Sports Association) was founded, where most of the teams went to. The depleted Campeonato Paulista was left with only Americano, Germania and Internacional. However, they were soon joined by Corinthians. This fact is referenced in the mascot of Corinthians. Just identify the mascot.
Johann Strauss IIs stepdaughter, Alice von Meyszner-Strauss, once asked Johannes Brahms to sign her an autograph. He wrote down something that today is used as the interval signal for its programs by Osterreichischer Rundfunk (ORF), the Austrian national public service broadcaster. He also added “Leider nicht von Johannes Brahms” (Alas! not by Johannes Brahms) to it. What did he write down?
Which museum, constructed in the 1640s, is named after the mythical dwelling of Avalokitesvara, the Buddhist bodhisattva, that is first mentioned in the final chapter of the Flower Garland Sutra, the Gandavyuha Sutra?
In the 14th century, ships visiting foreign ports, as a token of friendship and as a display of the lack of hostile intent, used to perform a certain gesture. For every gesture performed by the ship (the sum total of which had astrological and Biblical significance), the forts/people on the shore would repeat it three times. What did this evolve into?
The name of a 1987 innovation X was voted by the Oxford University Press as their ‘2012 Word of the Year’. Excerpt from a Jan 2013 Wired magazine article on the relevance of this innovation: “Y showed it throughout the US and Europe, and crowds loved it. They were particularly fascinated by how the zoopraxiscope let them study a single movement over and over— dogs racing, a man executing a somersault, wild bulls charging. The zoopraxiscope captured evanescence, replaying tiny moments of everyday life so we could see them in a new way……One hundred and thirty years later, we’re still living in the age of Y.” Identify X. Also name Y, whose work was brought to life by X.
During WW II, the British secret service hatched a master plan to smuggle escape gear to captured soldiers inside Germany. Since paper maps made a lot of sound when unfolded and fell apart when wet, they turned to John Waddington Ltd, a company that had recently perfected the process of printing on silk and was already manufacturing silk escape maps for British airmen to carry. Metal files, a magnetic compass, cash, a regional silk escape map complete with marked safe-houses along the way etc. were all smuggled through Waddington’s products that masqueraded as Red Cross aid packages. What were these products?