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Jacki Bacharach - Case Studies
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Jacki Bacharach - Case Studies

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  • 1. Positive Change: Case Studies in Environmental Stewardship The South Bay Cities COG’s Sustainable Mobility Strategies
  • 2. 15 cities plus LA City &County 315,000 Households 600,000 Vehicles 285,000 Secondary
  • 3. How We Got Started • What we’ve completed – Baseline research on T-LU in 8 neighborhoods – Formulated and adopted T-LU strategy (development pattern establishes need for mobility) – Proof of concept of LU component – Demonstrated NEV/SSV – T component • What we’re currently working on – BEV Demonstration – PEV Readiness • What we hope to do next
  • 4. Complete • Study of the transportation - land use interaction in 8 neighborhoods (4 arterials, 4 centers) – Migrate strip commercial to compact mixed commercial centers at intersections, replace with DUs – Encourage zero emission neighborhood vehicles • Sustainable South Bay Strategy (aka Sustainable Neighborhood Strategy) adopted by SBCCOG Board in 2010 to address SB 375 • Proof of Concept for land use component – 2011 • NEV Demonstration 2010 to 2013
  • 5. Demonstration Basic Facts 1. NEVs have a range of 25 miles; max speed of 25 MPH – specialized VS all purpose 2. Six vehicles loaned to households for a couple of months at a time 3. 51 total participating households over 32 months of active demonstration 4. Vehicle use monitored by GPS on all NEVs and ICE vehicles in 37 households 5. Potential use as second vehicle in the household
  • 6. Miles Sedan
  • 7. Vantage CrewCab
  • 8. GEM e4
  • 9. Wheego Whip
  • 10. 10 Consumers Match Vehicle to Trip Length: Range Matching 0 – .5 Miles Walking 0 – 10Miles Short Range Modes: NEV, Segway, EN-V, Bikes, Shuttles, Buses ≥ 10Miles Long-Range Modes: Autos, Bus RapidTransit or Subway, Plug-in Hybrids Using the right vehicle to make the trip
  • 11. Participants’ NEV Use • 22,000 total miles driven • Average a little more than 5 miles per day/HH • 19% of miles driven per HH • 46% of round trips driven per HH • Most trips are hyper-local • Driven everywhere … 0 2 4 6 8 10 Less than 1 1 to 5 5 to 10 10 to 1515 to 20 More than 20 AverageWeeklyTripsTaken Destination Distance From Home (miles as a crow flies) Average number of trips taken by a household by distance categories
  • 12. 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 Destination Frequency in NEV
  • 13. Findings • Society would benefit from a robust market in slow (or medium) speed, electric local use vehicles (LUV) – Economy – Environment – Equity
  • 14. Economic Benefits • South Bay residents currently spend about $1.2 billion annually on gasoline • NEV households reduced gasoline consumption by 19% – Potential annual savings in South Bay $230,000,000 – Stimulate all other sectors – retail, entertainment, health care, education • NEVs are a simple, low cost technology that charge on 110V
  • 15. Environmental Benefits • Air pollutants (NOx, CO2 etc.): Reduced by 18 to 27% per NEV household • GHG emissions: Reduced by 18% per NEV household • Lower priced ZEVs will speed the transition of the ICE vehicle fleet to ZEV
  • 16. A South Bay Scenario 100,000 NEVs 36% of secondary vehicle fleet • Would save over 10-15 million gallons of gas annually • Carbon emissions offset equal to planting over 3.5 million trees annually
  • 17. Equity Benefits • PHEVs and full speed BEVs are being purchased almost exclusively by residents of the highest income zip codes in the South Bay • Lower prices for ZEVs can expand the market to middle income households; and possibly to lower income neighborhoods through focused car sharing (see planned iLUV Demonstration)
  • 18. Very positive; 39% Somewhat positive; 16% No data/no opinion; 21% Somewhat negative; 18% Very negative; 6% Driver Satisfaction
  • 19. Barriers to NEV Adoption • Vehicles were not well made – Problems with low quality plastic parts – Unreliable electronic components – Construction issues – loose wiring, peeling headlights, rust • There were design issues – Location/design of disconnect switch • Vehicles were generally too expensive
  • 20. Local Governments CARBCEC Auto Makers Consumers Land Developers New initiatives from several players are necessary to make that happen
  • 21. Local Governments Infrastructure
  • 22. State of California Initiatives • Clean vehicle rebate program – $2,500 for Leaf, Fit, Focus – $1,500 for Volt, Prius – $ 900 for GEM e2 • ZEV credit market (auto maker to auto maker) – 7 credits for Tesla S – 2.5 credits for Leaf – 0.3 credits for GEM
  • 23. Market Size • South Bay – 285,000 secondary vehicles • Mature, built out suburbs -- Similar development pattern throughout LA County (SFV, SGV, south LA, Inland Empire) and Orange County • And throughout California –about 9.5 million secondary vehicles in the state
  • 24. Coming Supply Options
  • 25. NEV Criteria: 25 MPH, 30 mile range • Sturdy – reliable • Promised range = actual range • Amenities – Radio, power steering, comfortable seats • Optional – doors, A/C, heater • Price after subsidy – at $8K (69% would buy); at $6K (83% would buy) • Local distribution channels – test drives available
  • 26. Ideal Local Use Vehicle • 35 MPH, 35 mile range • Under $10,000
  • 27. Current Projects • BEV Demonstration – Do usage patterns differ from NEV? – Is level 2 charging necessary? – Do drivers accept range limitation? • PEV Readiness – Municipal – Employer – Multi-family housing – Market stimulation initiatives • Related: NOD, car sharing, DASH/DART, multi-mobility hubs, BRT connection to regional high speed backbone
  • 28. Future • iLUV (Inglewood LUV – Social Justice Learning Institute, Inglewood ($10K), Suzou Eagle Electric (6 veh/$30K) – PEVs in low income community – Community non-profit as consumer (internal use, car sharing in neighborhood, para-transit service) • EVSE in MF housing demonstration • 1,000 NEV Pilot (multiple agencies, auto makers, cities) • Design competition – neighborhood center of the future • Corridor of the Future demonstration (Metro ROW)