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Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas
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Ricardo Balboa - Properties Of Natural Gas

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  • 1. PROPERTIES OF NATURAL GAS
  • 2. Main Service Riser Service Valve Regulator Typical meter set assembly (MSA)
  • 3. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF NATURAL GAS ODORLESS NON-TOXIC LIGHTER THAN AIR
  • 4. SPECIFIC GRAVITY AIR 1% NATURAL GAS .6% PROPANE 1.5%
  • 5. METHANE 96.3% CARBON DIOXIDE 1.5% ETHANE 1.1% NITROGEN .6% TRACE GASES .5% 1 Carbon & 4 Hydrogen CH4 PROPERTIES OF NATURAL GAS
  • 6. COMBUSTION TRIANGLE OXYGEN IGNITION FUEL 1100 DEGREES HEAT 1 CF FUEL (4.5% - 15%) 10 CF AIR
  • 7. GAS-AIR MIXTURES -NATURAL GAS- % WILL IT BURN? WHY/WHY NOT? Less then 4.5% 4.5 – 15 % More then 15% NO TOO LEAN TOO MUCH AIR not enough gas YES NO PROPER MIXTURE TOO RICH Not enough air TOO MUCH GAS
  • 8. LUMINOUS BUNSEN
  • 9. LUMINOUS
  • 10. BUNSEN PRODUCTS OF COMBUSTION CO2 CARBON DIOXIDE - H20 WATER VAPOR
  • 11. INCOMPLETE COMBUSTION AT A BUNSEN / LUMINOUS FLAME
  • 12. POOR FLAME CHARACTERISTICS
  • 13. CARBON MONOXIDE INCOMPLETE COMBUSTION 1. IS ODORLESS 2. IS COLORLESS 3. HAS NO TASTE 4. IS TOXIC
  • 14. ALDEHYDES INCOMPLETE COMBUSTION 1. HAVE A SHARP ODOR 2. IRRITATE NOSE 3. ARE ACCOMPANIED BY CARBON MONOXIDE 4. ARE TOXIC
  • 15. SYMPTOMS OF CO POISONING <ul><li>Initial symptoms of CO poisoning resemble those of the flu. </li></ul><ul><li>A. Headache </li></ul><ul><li>B. Increased perspiration </li></ul><ul><li>C. Dizziness </li></ul><ul><li>D. Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>E. Ringing in the ears </li></ul><ul><li>F. Weakness (in legs) </li></ul><ul><li>G. Vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>H. Mental confusion </li></ul>
  • 16. <ul><li>SINCE CARBON MONOXIDE REPLACES OXYGEN IN THE BLOOD , </li></ul><ul><li>(800 PPM PLUS) PROLONGED EXPOSURE TO CARBON MONOXIDE CAN LEAD TO DEATH OR ASPHYXIATION </li></ul>Effects of CO @ High Concentrations
  • 17. Effects of CO at Different Concentrations Permissible exposure level. No apparent toxic symptoms 3,200 ppm 1,500 ppm 400 ppm 35 ppm 100 ppm 200 ppm No poisoning symptoms for long time period. Allowable for several hours . Should not be exposed to this level. Possible mild frontal headache in 2 to 3 hours. Frontal headache and nausea after 1 to 2 hours. Life threatening after 3 hours. Headache, dizziness and nausea in 45 minutes; collapse, and possible death in 2 hours. Headache, dizziness and nausea, collapse in 20 minutes; unconsciousness and possible death in 2 hours. Headache and dizziness in 5 to 10 minutes; unconsciousness and possible death in 10 to 15 minutes . Headache and dizziness in 1 to 2 minutes; unconsciousness and possible death in 10 to 15 minutes . Immediate effect; unconsciousness and danger of death in 1 to 3 minutes. 800 ppm Information from Boiler and Machinery Engineering Bulletin, Federal Register, Vol 45 and Industrial Toxicology, 3rd. Edition. 6,400 ppm 12,800 ppm
  • 18. SMOTHERING CHAMBER
  • 19. BOOM BOX
  • 20. APPLIANCE CONNECTION
  • 21.  
  • 22. RANGE
  • 23. COMBINATION OVEN & BROILER
  • 24. WATER HEATER
  • 25. NOT VENTING
  • 26. PLUGGED SAFETY
  • 27. TANKLESS WATER HEATER
  • 28. GAS DRYER
  • 29. DRYER MOISTURE EXAUST
  • 30. WALL FURNACE
  • 31. WALL FURNACE
  • 32. RUPTURED FIREBOX
  • 33. VENTED ROOM HEATER
  • 34. UNVENTED ROOM HEATER
  • 35. UNVENTED ROOM HEATER
  • 36. FORCED AIR UNIT
  • 37. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W TDR THERMOSTAT FAN MOTOR GAS VALVE HI LIMIT VENT SWITCH 24 V 120 V GROUND HEATER FAN SWITCH
  • 38. FLOOR FURNACE
  • 39. FLOOR FURNACE
  • 40. CRACKED FIREBOX
  • 41. GRAVITY HEATER
  • 42. GAS LOGS
  • 43. POOL HEATER
  • 44. QUESTIONS?
  • 45.  
  • 46.  

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