Elements of music
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Elements of music

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Elements of music Elements of music Presentation Transcript

  • INTRODUCTION TO THE ELEMENTS OF MUSIC Grade 6
  • All music can be described in relation to the elements of music 1) beat 2) tempo 3) meter 4) rhythm 5) melody 6) dynamics 7) harmony 8) timbre 9) form
  • Beat The pulse of the music Tempo How fast or slow music is played - Largo - Andante - Allegro - Allegretto
  • Music is arranged in beats grouped into measures. Meter is the grouping of strong and weak beats. Rhythm is the arrangement of note lengths in a piece of music. Rhythm is shaped by meter
  • Melody The recognizable ‘tune’ of the piece. This is the HORIZONTAL aspect of music
  • Dynamics ppp - pianissinissimo pp – pianissimo (softer than piano) p – piano (soft) mp – mezzo piano (stronger than piano, but still soft) mf – mezzo forte (medium strong) f – forte (strong/loud) ff – fortissimo (stronger than forte) < = Crescendo (cresc.) – getting louder >= decresceno (decresc.) – getting softer Sfz = surprise! – suddenly loud
  • Harmony This usually supports the melody, played simultaneously or as broken chords, giving music it’s TEXTURE. This is a group of notes or chords played together and the relationship between a series of chords. This is the vertical aspect of music.
  • Timbre Timbre is the quality of sound that is used to distinguish between instruments or voices What is producing the music. This describes what instruments or voices are heard. This will greatly affect the mood of the piece.
  • Form is how music is organized into sections. - Binary - Ternary - Rondo - Through-Composed - intro- verse- chorus- verse 2- chorus- solo - outro - Sonata Allegro - Theme and Variation