All music can be described in relation to the
elements of music
The pulse of the music
How fast or slow music is played
Music is arranged in beats grouped into measures.
Meter is the grouping of strong and weak beats.
Rhythm is the arrangement of note lengths in a piece of
Rhythm is shaped by meter
The recognizable ‘tune’ of the piece.
This is the HORIZONTAL aspect of music
ppp - pianissinissimo
pp – pianissimo (softer than piano)
p – piano (soft)
mp – mezzo piano (stronger than piano, but still soft)
mf – mezzo forte (medium strong)
f – forte (strong/loud)
ff – fortissimo (stronger than forte)
< = Crescendo (cresc.) – getting louder
>= decresceno (decresc.) – getting softer
Sfz = surprise! – suddenly loud
This usually supports the melody, played simultaneously or as
broken chords, giving music it’s TEXTURE.
This is a group of notes or chords played together and the
relationship between a series of chords.
This is the vertical aspect of music.
Timbre is the quality of sound that is used to distinguish between
instruments or voices
What is producing the music. This describes what
instruments or voices are heard. This will greatly
affect the mood of the piece.
Form is how music is organized into sections.
- intro- verse- chorus- verse 2- chorus- solo - outro
- Sonata Allegro
- Theme and Variation