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Present Tense2
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  • 1. Present tense expresses action, activityand state of being in the present
  • 2. A verb in its original state is SimplePresent. Does not indicate state ofaction
  • 3. Past Present Future Duration from the past until nowI eat salad Look! It has been snowing.
  • 4. I drink water Past Present Future Duration from the past until nowLook! It has been snowing.
  • 5. I run everyday Past Present Future Duration from the past until nowLook! It has been snowing.
  • 6. Usage…To express an activity done on a daily basis I run everyday They eat breakfast at 9 a.m. everyday She sleeps at 10.30 p.m. everyday
  • 7. Usage…To express usually accepted truths The sun sets in the west Gourds are bitter It rains in August
  • 8. Usage…To talk about an activity which will happen in thefuture but as part of a pre – decided schedule The train leaves at 5.15 a.m. The next flight is at 7 a.m. The free trial class begins at 1 p.m.
  • 9. Present Perfect to indicateCompletion Of Action. Verbmostly finishes with -ed
  • 10. Past Present Future Duration from the past until nowLook! It has been snowing. I have finished reading the book
  • 11. Past Present Future Duration from the past until now The has beenLook! ItMalhotras have vacated the flat snowing.
  • 12. Usage…To express an action which has just beencompleted (used with just) He has just left for the day It has just stopped raining Ritu has just finished her lunch
  • 13. Usage…To express an action which have occurred in thepast, but a definite time is not mentioned Have you read the Ramayan? I have been to Finland I have met Saif Ali Khan
  • 14. Usage…To talk about the present effects of an activitywhich happened in the past I have finished my session Arijit has hurt his knee Rakesh has used all the coupons
  • 15. Present Continuous isused to show Action Is Still InProgress. The Verb ends in -ing
  • 16. Past Present Future Duration from the past until nowLook! It has been snowing. The baby is sleeping
  • 17. Past Present Future Duration from the past until nowLook! It has been snowing. It is raining
  • 18. Past Present Future Duration from the past until nowLook! It has been snowing. She is studying
  • 19. Usage…To express an action happening at the time ofspeaking I am running They are eating dinner He is conducting the session
  • 20. Usage…To express an action which may not be actuallyhappening at the time of speaking I am reading the Gita I am taking medicines for my illness
  • 21. Usage…To express an action which will happen in thenear future She is going to attend the class tomorrow I am meeting Pradeep in 2 hours Abhishek is arriving tonight
  • 22. Present PerfectContinuous is used to indicateActivity which has been goingfor sometime now, is notcomplete yet, but its effect canbe seen
  • 23. Past Present Future Duration from the past until now The baby has been sleepingLook! It has been for 3 hours snowing.
  • 24. Past Present Future Duration from the past until now It is raining since morningLook! It has been snowing.
  • 25. Past Present Future Duration from the past until now Shehas beenLook! It is studying for the last 2 hours snowing.
  • 26. Usage…To express an action which began sometime backand is still continuing Nitin has been attending the classes for the last 2 months The monk has been sitting in that posture for the last 3 hours I have been working on this project since Monday