Towards a New Conceptualization    of Managerial Discipline                Togar M. Simatupang         School of Business ...
Objectives• Understand what managerial discipline is and  identify its characteristics.• Identify the Body of Knowledge (B...
Overview• What is management?• What is managerial discipline?• BOK of managerial discipline• Clustering managerial discipl...
What is management?• Management in all business and organizational activities is the act  of getting people together to ac...
What is management?Management is the act of coordinatingdecision making and technical processes in asocial system includin...
What is Managerial Discipline?• Managerial discipline is a set of theories, models,  practices, the body and knowledge, an...
Managerial Discipline                        experience and                      consulting practice     Managers:        ...
Dewey Classification:        Class 600s (Technology)610 Medicine620 Engineering630 Agriculture640 Home Economics650 Manage...
The Body of Knowledge of Management:      the entire managerial field                 Strategy & Business                 ...
Duality of Managerial Responsibility (1)                        Management in an                          organization    ...
Duality of Managerial Responsibility (2)                                                                  Rejuvenate?PERFO...
Clustering Managerial Discipline• Offering a framework for generating scientific  research and its application in the area...
Two Underlying Dimensions of         Managerial Discipline• Mission orientation determines duality of mission  achievement...
Four Types of Managerial Studies              (Simatupang, 2011)                                         Deliberate  Manag...
Types of Managerial Studies• Management:                               • Entrepreneurship:    – A focus on enterprise perf...
Competencies of Managerial Studies•   Management     –   Strategic planning and optimization     –   Strong commitment to ...
Management versus Administration• “Management” is widely used in Britain, Europe,  and Africa, for example, while “adminis...
Managerial Education• Managerial education is simply the provision of managerial education in  universities and other comp...
The Principles for Responsible              Managerial Education (1)• Principle 1     Purpose: We will develop the capabil...
The Principles for Responsible                  Managerial Education (2)•      Principle 4        Research: We will engage...
Distorted Face of Management          Education in Indonesia                               Faculty of Social andFaculty of...
A new face of managementAn independent academic discipline!        Source: http://www.cbe.wwu.edu/ceme/description.asp   22
A Proposal of Managerial Education in                 Indonesia                   VOCATIONAL      ACADEMIC   PROFESSIONALD...
Proposed Nomenclature of Academic       Degree in Managerial Education    Doctor of Management (Dr.)                      ...
Conclusions• This presentation aims to contribute to a better understanding of  managerial discipline.• The analysis condu...
Thank You            26
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Towards a new conceptualization of managerial discipline

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Provides a new conceptualization of managerial discipline. It identifies four managerial studies: management, administration, entrepreneurship, and stewardship. Its implication to academic degree in management is also offered.

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Towards a new conceptualization of managerial discipline

  1. 1. Towards a New Conceptualization of Managerial Discipline Togar M. Simatupang School of Business and Management Bandung Institute of Technology 19 December 2011 All materials contained in this PowerPoint Presentation are protected by copyright laws. You may download or print this material for your own personal and educational use only, without altering or removing any trademark, copyright or other notice from such material.
  2. 2. Objectives• Understand what managerial discipline is and identify its characteristics.• Identify the Body of Knowledge (BOK) of managerial discipline.• Explain the four basic forms of managerial studies: management, administration, entrepreneurship, and stewardship.• Describe the use of managerial studies typology in the nomenclature of academic degree 2
  3. 3. Overview• What is management?• What is managerial discipline?• BOK of managerial discipline• Clustering managerial discipline into managerial studies• Proposed nomenclature of academic degree in managerial discipline• Conclusion 3
  4. 4. What is management?• Management in all business and organizational activities is the act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively.• Management comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization (a group of one or more people or entities) or effort for the purpose of accomplishing a goal.• Resourcing encompasses the deployment and manipulation of human resources, financial resources, technological resources and natural resources.• Since organizations can be viewed as systems, management can also be defined as human action, including design, to facilitate the production of useful outcomes from a system.• This view opens the opportunity to manage oneself, a pre- requisite to attempting to manage others.Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Management 4
  5. 5. What is management?Management is the act of coordinatingdecision making and technical processes in asocial system including human andinstitutional behavior and its relations toexternal parties to accomplish desired goalsand objectives of an organization in the mostefficient and effective manner. 5
  6. 6. What is Managerial Discipline?• Managerial discipline is a set of theories, models, practices, the body and knowledge, and the social practice (experience) of management.• Managerial discipline is both art and science.• Managerial art is the experience and history of management in real life situations.• Managerial science is part of social science and concerned with development, design, improvement, evaluation, and estimation of managerial paradigm, theory, system, and model of an organization based on scientific approach. 6
  7. 7. Managerial Discipline experience and consulting practice Managers: Managerial getting things RESULTS done ART imitation, experimentation, search for better Methods and innovation performanceManagerialDiscipline Theories testing, search for better experimentation, explanations Scholars: and invention Managerial developing and RIGORS testing ideas SCIENCE Education and research practice 7
  8. 8. Dewey Classification: Class 600s (Technology)610 Medicine620 Engineering630 Agriculture640 Home Economics650 Management660 Chemical Engineering670 Manufacturing680 Manufacturing for Specific Uses690 Buildings 8
  9. 9. The Body of Knowledge of Management: the entire managerial field Strategy & Business Economics Performance, Quality, Leadership, Culture, Ethics People & Operations & Marketing & Finance &Organization Logistics Sales Accounting Decision Making & Negotiation Entrepreneurship and Technology (R&D) 9
  10. 10. Duality of Managerial Responsibility (1) Management in an organization Enterprise Lifecycle Performance Performance Responsibility Responsibility Management Lifecycle Enterprise System System Value Added (better New venture (newprofit) to the economy enterprise) to the economy 10
  11. 11. Duality of Managerial Responsibility (2) Rejuvenate?PERFORMANCE Responsibility for Current Performance You are here! Responsibility for Lifecycle Performance TIME 11
  12. 12. Clustering Managerial Discipline• Offering a framework for generating scientific research and its application in the area of managerial discipline, not only to optimize the performance of the enterprise at a given time but also at every stage of its life cycle activities.• Identifying the types of Managerial Studies – Two underlying dimensions of Managerial Discipline• Interpreting Types of Managerial Studies 12
  13. 13. Two Underlying Dimensions of Managerial Discipline• Mission orientation determines duality of mission achievement of an enterprise either to attain enterprise performance or lifecycle performance – Enterprise Performance – Lifecycle Performance• Managerial focus determines the degree to which an enterprise formulating and structuring the tasks and goals. – Externally Deliberate – Internally Regulate 13
  14. 14. Four Types of Managerial Studies (Simatupang, 2011) Deliberate Management Entrepreneurship Managerial Focus Regulate Administration Stewardship Enterprise Lifecycle Performance Performance Mission Orientation 14
  15. 15. Types of Managerial Studies• Management: • Entrepreneurship: – A focus on enterprise performance – A focus on lifecycle performance and external deliberation and external deliberation – Starts from an existing concept and – Starts from a unique idea and strategic planning orientation for the future – Ensures performance achievement – Ensures performance adaptability – Provides answers and solutions to – Provides answers and solutions to managerial problems developmental problems• Administration: • Stewardship: – A focus on enterprise performance – A focus on lifecycle performance and internal regulation and internal regulation – Dedication to apply good corporate – Willingness and dedication to help governance and accountability people and the community – Ensures consistency – Ensures sustainability – Provides answers and solutions to – Provides answers and solutions to administrative problems sustainable problems 15
  16. 16. Competencies of Managerial Studies• Management – Strategic planning and optimization – Strong commitment to improve enterprise performance – Enterprise system innovation• Administration – Sense of good governance and accountability – Lives revolve around procedures and process – Procedure and knowledge innovation• Entrepreneurship – Sense and response to opportunity – Autonomy, flexibility, and creativity – Business model innovation• Stewardship – Friendship, commitment, focus on performance, high energy – Intense and determined to achieve equality and sustainability – Eco- and social innovation 16
  17. 17. Management versus Administration• “Management” is widely used in Britain, Europe, and Africa, for example, while “administration” is preferred in the United States, Canada, and Australia.• Managing is maintaining efficiently and effectively current organizational arrangements and present operations.• Administration is the primary function of ensuring good governance and accountability based on a formal framework of authority that is carefully outlined and precisely followed. 17
  18. 18. Managerial Education• Managerial education is simply the provision of managerial education in universities and other comparable institutions.• Managerial education is a field of study and practice concerned with the operation of teaching, learning, and training of participants who wish to acquire the research and analytical skills of the scientific community in managerial discipline.• The purpose is to build managers and entrepreneurs of analytical reasoning and scholars of high intellect that create value.• Managerial educations provides a solid methodological basis and the ability to design and implement research projects in managerial discipline.• Managerial education both contributes to: – the development of effective managers (i.e., management education), – the economic performance of a country (i.e., entrepreneurship education). 18
  19. 19. The Principles for Responsible Managerial Education (1)• Principle 1 Purpose: We will develop the capabilities of students to be future generators of sustainable value for business and society at large and to work for an inclusive and sustainable global economy.• Principle 2 Values: We will incorporate into our academic activities and curricula the values of global social responsibility as portrayed in international initiatives such as the United Nations Global Compact.• Principle 3 Method: We will create educational frameworks, materials, processes and environments that enable effective learning experiences for responsible leadership.Source: The UN Global Compact (July 2007) at http://www.unprme.org/resource-docs/PRME.pdf 19
  20. 20. The Principles for Responsible Managerial Education (2)• Principle 4 Research: We will engage in conceptual and empirical research that advances our understanding about the role, dynamics, and impact of corporations in the creation of sustainable social, environmental and economic value.• Principle 5 Partnership: We will interact with managers of business corporations to extend our knowledge of their challenges in meeting social and environmental responsibilities and to explore jointly effective approaches to meeting these challenges.• Principle 6 Dialogue: We will facilitate and support dialogue and debate among educators, business, government, consumers, media, civil society organizations and other interested groups and stakeholders on critical issues related to global social responsibility and sustainability. Source: The UN Global Compact (July 2007) at http://www.unprme.org/resource-docs/PRME.pdf 20
  21. 21. Distorted Face of Management Education in Indonesia Faculty of Social andFaculty of Economics “Management becomes Political Science Management Economics and “Management becomes Business Economics reduces to Administration” Development Economics”Faculty of Psychology Faculty of Engineering “Management becomes Human “Management becomes Resources Management” Engineering Management (EM) and Information Systems Management (ISM)” 21
  22. 22. A new face of managementAn independent academic discipline! Source: http://www.cbe.wwu.edu/ceme/description.asp 22
  23. 23. A Proposal of Managerial Education in Indonesia VOCATIONAL ACADEMIC PROFESSIONALDoctorate Degree DoctorMasterate Degree Advanced Master CertificationUndergraduate Diploma IV Bachelor CertificationDegree Diploma I-III Basic Certification High School 23
  24. 24. Proposed Nomenclature of Academic Degree in Managerial Education Doctor of Management (Dr.) Applied Master Degree Master of Business Master ofMaster of Science in Master of Administration EntrepreneurshipManagement (MSM) Management (MM) (MBA) (M.Entr.) Bachelor of Bachelor of Business Bachelor of Management (BM) Administration (BBA) Business (B.Bus.) 24
  25. 25. Conclusions• This presentation aims to contribute to a better understanding of managerial discipline.• The analysis conducted reveals the underlying factors accounting for the different classes of managerial studies: management, administration, entrepreneurship, and stewardship.• It is suggested that management becomes an academic discipline built around several well-articulated theories, all designed to address a single set of highly related scientific questions and managerial problems.• It is suggested that the nomenclature of managerial education in Indonesia is developed based on the identified managerial studies taxonomy.• Further research is required to define and contrast a set of knowledge and skills required in the four basic forms of managerial studies. 25
  26. 26. Thank You 26

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