Learning Introduction

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This is an introduction to learning in a high school introductory psychology class. It references classical, operant, and social/observational learning.

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Learning Introduction

  1. 1. LEARNING can be defined as a vehicle to promote adaptation through experience. What experiences do we have in life that promote adaptation?
  2. 2. Ways of Learning •Classical Conditioning •Operant Conditioning •Cognitive Factors
  3. 3. Classical Conditioning
  4. 4. Classical Conditioning A simple form of learning in which one stimulus calls for the response that is usually called forth by another stimulus.
  5. 5. Classical Conditioning Important Components: • US – Unconditioned Stimulus: A stimulus that causes an automatic response • UR – Unconditioned Response: The automatic response to the US • CR – Conditioned Response: A learned response to a stimulus that was previously neutral • CS – Conditioned Stimulus: The previously neutral stimulus (NS) that became a learned stimulus
  6. 6. Classical Conditioning
  7. 7. ACTIVITY
  8. 8. Operant Conditioning
  9. 9. Operant Conditioning People and animals learn to do certain things, and not others, because of the results of what they do (consequences of actions).
  10. 10. Operant Conditioning Reinforcement
  11. 11. Reinforcement The process by which a stimulus increases the chances that the preceding behavior will occur again.
  12. 12. Primary Secondary Positive Negative
  13. 13. Operant Conditioning Important Related Concepts: •Schedules of Reinforcement •Interval •Ratio •Shaping
  14. 14. Scenarios
  15. 15. Cognitive Factors
  16. 16. Cognitive Factors Observational Learning
  17. 17. Cognitive Factors Observational Learning Describe two instances in which you learned something through observation

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