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Learning Introduction

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This is an introduction to learning in a high school introductory psychology class. It references classical, operant, and social/observational learning.

This is an introduction to learning in a high school introductory psychology class. It references classical, operant, and social/observational learning.

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  • 1. LEARNING can be defined as a vehicle to promote adaptation through experience. What experiences do we have in life that promote adaptation?
  • 2. Ways of Learning •Classical Conditioning •Operant Conditioning •Cognitive Factors
  • 3. Classical Conditioning
  • 4. Classical Conditioning A simple form of learning in which one stimulus calls for the response that is usually called forth by another stimulus.
  • 5. Classical Conditioning Important Components: • US – Unconditioned Stimulus: A stimulus that causes an automatic response • UR – Unconditioned Response: The automatic response to the US • CR – Conditioned Response: A learned response to a stimulus that was previously neutral • CS – Conditioned Stimulus: The previously neutral stimulus (NS) that became a learned stimulus
  • 6. Classical Conditioning
  • 7. ACTIVITY
  • 8. Operant Conditioning
  • 9. Operant Conditioning People and animals learn to do certain things, and not others, because of the results of what they do (consequences of actions).
  • 10. Operant Conditioning Reinforcement
  • 11. Reinforcement The process by which a stimulus increases the chances that the preceding behavior will occur again.
  • 12. Primary Secondary Positive Negative
  • 13. Operant Conditioning Important Related Concepts: •Schedules of Reinforcement •Interval •Ratio •Shaping
  • 14. Scenarios
  • 15. Cognitive Factors
  • 16. Cognitive Factors Observational Learning
  • 17. Cognitive Factors Observational Learning Describe two instances in which you learned something through observation