Baguio, Apayao, Abra, Kalinga Mountain Province, Ifugao and Benguet
The Cordilleras Located in the north-central part of Luzon and encompasses most of the areas within the Cordillera Central mountain range of Luzon. It is bounded by: Ilocos Norte and Cagayan in the north Pangasinan and Nueva Viscaya in the south Cagayan Valley in the east Ilocos region in the west.
The Cordilleras The region is dubbed as the “Watershed Cradle of North Luzon”. Hosts 6 major rivers that provide continuous water for irrigation and energy for northern Luzon. Chico River Ahin River Siffu River Abra River Amburayan River Agno River
The Cordilleras It is the countrys only land- locked region. The region is home to numerous indigenous tribes collectively called the Igorot. Rich in ancient culture. It is the home of the indigenous tribe called Igorot.
The Cordilleras Major Festivals Panagbenga or Baguio Flower Festival the Ulalim Festival in Kalinga Lang-ay Festival in Mountain Province Banaue Imbayah Festival Tabuk Matagoan Festival.
Industries Mining The region is abundant with mineral reserves. Includes metallic ores such as gold, copper, silver, zinc, and non- metallic minerals like sand, gravel and sulfur. Agriculture Vegetable crop production is well developed in Benguet Rice production in Ifugao and Abra Corn production in Mountain Province and Kalinga Tourism
Abra Known as the "Natural Dye Capital of the Philippines“ Natural dyes are extracted from the barks, leaves, fruits, and roots of these plants, and used to color food, beverages, textiles, cosmetics, furniture, and pharmaceutical products.
Abra Boundaries bounded by Ilocos Norte on the north Ilocos Sur on the south Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur on the west Mountain Province, Kalinga, and Apayao on the east.
Abra Basic Facts Total land area: 397,555 hectares. Population: 230,953 (2007) Political Subdivision: 27 municipalities and 304 barangays Languages spoken: Ilocano, Tinguian/Itne g, Tagalog
Abra Major Industries: Bamboo and Rattan craft making, The natural dye industry Loom weaving Embroidery Other popular industries are piggery and poultry, garment craft, and needlecraft
Abra How To get there? Partas Trans travels to Abra from Manila or Pangasinan. Philippine Rabbit takes the Baguio- Abra-Manila route. Viron Trans has trips from Baguio to Abra.
Abra: Tourist Attractions Pinaing (Sacred Stones) It is found in Dumayco, Penarrubia In the hollow of a huge Balete Tree are found sacred stones which the village people call pinpinaing as symbols of the anito (spirits) of their ancestors.
Abra: Tourist Attractions Don Teodoro Brillantes Family Museum It is a private museum which houses the collections and mementos of the Brillantes family with a strong manifestation of the Spanish culture.
Abra: Tourist Attractions Abra River This is the biggest, longest and most popular river among the numerous rivers criss-crossing the valleys of the province. It is where all rivers and streams congregate together. This is a perfect place for swimming and fishing.
Abra: Tourist Attractions Tugot ni Angalo Translated as “Footprints of Angalo” (the Adam in Abra mythology) Found in Kabaruyan, San Quintin. a perpetual monument of Angalo. The people believe this is a real giant footprint in San Quintin, around fifteen meters long, five meters wide and ten feet deep. On a clear day, it can be seen visibly even from a distance.
Abra: Festivals Arya Abra Celebrated every March 9 Celebrates the creation of the province Cupped by a grand cultural parade depicting Abra in its historical stages starting, from the early pre-Spanish era to the present times.
Apayao Boasts its own collection of natural wonders that are otherwise not found in the rest of the Cordilleras. Dubbed as “Cordillera’s Last Frontier for Nature Richness.” Here, underground rivers, majestic waterfalls, magnificent lakes hug a unique land that is replete with captivating caves, picture-pretty parks, and exotic wildlife.
Apayao Basic Facts Capital: Kabugao Total Land Area: 4,351.23 km2 Total Population: 103,633 Political Division: 7 Municipalities, 133 baranggays Language Spoken: Ilocano, Isneg and Tagalog.
Apayao Boundaries located at the northernmost tip of the Luzon mainland. It is bounded on the east by the province of Cagayan, On the west by Ilocos Norte and Abra, On the south by Kalinga.
Apayao Major Industries Furniture Garment craft Food processing Gifts and house wares Agricultural support
Apayao How to get there: By Land ○ By Bus: Via Dangwa, Autobus bus, Victory Liner which is approximately 12 hours travel time. The bus passed through the McArthur Highway and Cagayan Valley Road.
Apayao: Tourist Attractions Apayao River The unpolluted waters of Apayao River render fish and wildlife visible along its banks. Along the river can be found an array of picture-pretty waterfalls that are varying in sizes. Traversing six Apayao municipalities, from Calanasan to Luna, Apayao River is navigable by motorboat.
Apayao: Tourist Attractions Lizardo Brooks Picturesque Lizardo Brooks is located in the municipality of Pudtol. Malabisin Lake and Underground River A wealth of underwater beauties await you in scenic Malabisin. It is located in Paco Valley.
Apayao: Tourist Attractions Spanish Church located at Barangay Mataguisa in Pudtol is considered to be one of the oldest in the Philippines. Spanish Church Ruins The site of these church ruins is located at Barangay Emilia in Pudtol.
Apayao: Festivals Annual Apayao Day Celebration (February 14) Cultural and sports activities as well as pageants. Say-Am-Talip-Tadoc A festival featuring ethnic songs, dances, and rituals. Pudtol Town Fiesta (every last Thursday, Friday, and Saturday of May) Agro-trade fair, pageant, and sports activities.
BenguetBounderies Ilocos Sur and Mountain Province in the North Ifugao and Nueva vizcaya in the east La union in the West Pangasinan in the South
BenguetBasic Information Capital La Trinidad Total Area: 2,826.59 km² Languages: Ibaloy, Kankana-ey Ilokano, Tagalog, and English Total Population: 372,533 (2007)
Benguet Benguet is the homeland of several tribes, collectively referred to as the Igorot. Ibaloi in the southeast and the Kankana-ey in the northwest
Benguet: Baguio City Independent city within Benguet Regional Center of CAR Founded by the Americans in 1900 at the site of an Ibaloi village known as Kafagway. The name of the city is derived from the word bagiw in Ibaloi meaning “Moss”
Benguet: Baguio CityBasic Facts Total Land Area 57.51 km² Total Population: 318,676 (2010) Political Division: 120 Baranggays Languages Spoken: ○ Ibaloi ○ Kankana-ey ○ Tagalog ○ English ○ Pangasinense ○ Ilocano
Benguet: Baguio CityHow To get there? By Air: via Loakan Airport By Land: The three main access roads leads to Baguio from the lowlands: ○ Kennon Road ○ Aspiras-Palispis Highway (previously known as Marcos Highway) ○ Naguilian Road, also known as Quirino Highway.
Baguio City: Tourist Attractions Baguio Cathedral The rose-colored Baguio Catholic Cathedral, located on top of a hill in the heart of the city, is one of the more familiar and most visited landmarks of Baguio. one of the most photographed buildings in the city.
Baguio City: Tourist Attractions Baguio Country Club One of the oldest clubs in the Philippines Originally Built as an exclusive playground to the elite and vacationing Americans. An accommodation Facility that offers cottages and rooms Home of the Baguio Country Club Rasin Bread
Baguio City: Tourist Attractions BenCab Museum Located in Tuba, Benguet houses our National Artist Ben Cabreras art collection This is also where BenCab lives and where his actual workshop is located. Exhibits include exciting contemporary artists in Manila.
Baguio City: Tourist Attractions Burnham Park Baguio Citys premier park. Named in honor of its planner and architect, Daniel Burnham. Contains a Man-made Lake in the middle
Baguio City: Tourist Attractions Camp John Hay Originally a recreational camp for American soldiers. It has become a popular destination for people who wish to see the pine forests in the city. It also boasts of a sprawling country club with a full 18-hole golf course, Restaurants and Shopping Centers
Baguio City: Tourist Attractions The Mansion Used as residence of the president whenever he or she is in Baguio for their official visits and engagements. The elaborate main gate of the Mansion is said to be a replica of that at Buckingham Palace in London.
Baguio City: Tourist Attractions Mines view Park One of the most popular and most visited parks in the city. The observation deck of the park offers a breathtaking panoramic view of Benguets gold and copper mines Has stalls selling native handicraft such as wood carvings, locally made silver products and jewelry, baskets, brooms, sweaters, blankets, and a variety of other items. There are also canteens, snack stores, and street vendors selling food and beverages.
Baguio City: Tourist Attractions Philippine Military Academy The premier military institution of the country and is the training ground for future officers of the Armed Forces of the Phillippines. The 373-hectare compound in Loakan which is ten kilometers south of downtown Baguio City. Here it found its permanent home in a fort named after the young hero of the battle of Tirad Pass, Gen. Gregorio Del Pilar. Fort Del Pilar is one of the most visited and photographed places in Baguio City.
Baguio City: Tourist Attractions Baguio Public Market The market is located right at the lower end of Session Road and behind the Maharlika Center. It is here where they buy different souvenirs typical of Baguio. There are numerous other products and handicrafts sold at the Baguio public market which are brought in from other nearby provinces.
Baguio City: Tourist Attractions Session Road The main thoroughfare of the city and the center of Baguios commercial establishment.
Baguio City: FestivalPanagbenga Festival A month-long Flower Festival in Baguio Held during the month of February, created as a tribute to the citys flowers and as a way to rise up from the devastation of the 1990 Earthquake.
Kalinga Characterized in the western portion by sharp crested interlinking peaks of the steep slope, isolated flat lands, plateaus, and valleys. The eastern portion has generally rolling, gradually sloping foothills. With interlocking wide tracks of flat lands and flood plains along its main drainage system. Dubbed as the “Prince of the Highlands” in the Philippines.
Kalinga Basic Information Capital: Tabuk Total Land Area: 3,231.3 km2 Total Population: 182,326 (2007) Political division: 1 city, 7 municipalities, 152 baranggays Languages: Ilokano, Kalinga, Filipino and English are widely understood in all parts.
Kalinga Boundaries Mountain Province Abra to the west Isabela to the east Cagayan to the northeast Apayao to the north.
Kalinga How to get there? By Land: ○ Bus from Manila via Dangwa and Victory Liner. By Air: ○ Philippine Airlines flies three times a week from Manila to Tuguegarao
Kalinga: Tourist Attractions Bugnay Village A typical old Kalinga village with clustered Kalinga nipa huts where people still lead a traditional way of life amidst fast modernization.
Kalinga: Tourist Attractions Mt. Mating-oy Dinayao (Sleeping Beauty) These fabled mountain ranges that border the municipalities of Tinglayan and Tanudan take the form of a sleeping lady supinely lying at its back. A vantage view of the profile can be seen from Sungang or Basao.
Kalinga: Tourist Attractions Tinglayan Rice Terraces These rice terraces appear like an amphitheater along the whole mountain slopes. Lubo and Mangali Rice Terraces They surround the villages of Lubo, and the best time to view them is during the planting season and when the rice is already ready for harvest.
Kalinga: Tourist Attractions Mabilong Weavers Village The center of Kalinga’s ethnic weaving industry. As the village is situated along the road, souvenirs can be bought straight from the weavers.
Kalinga: Festivals Ullalim Festival / Kalinga Day (Feb 13-16) A highlight of the province’s founding anniversary, this cultural festival showcases the life of the Kalingas through sports, crafts, and indigenous food. Salidummay Festival Features the ethnic songs, dances, and rituals of the municipality of Lubuagan, Kalinga.
Mountain Province Known as the “Weaver’s Paradise” due to the presence of various weaving centers This was a province that practiced the traditional parliamentary/participatory form of governance as evidenced by the presence of the Dap-ay/Ato, a traditional form of governance led by the respected elders in the community.
Mountain Province This is the name of the historical province that included most of the current Cordillera provinces. Well-known for its mummy caves which contain naturally mummified bodies.
Mountain Province Boundaries East by Isabela North by the provinces of Kalinga, Apayao and Abra South by Benguet and Ifugao West by the province of Ilocos Sur
Mountain Province Basic Facts Capital: Bontoc Total Land Area: 2,097.3 km2 Total Population: 48,661 (2007) Political Division: 10 municipalities, 144 baranggays Languages Spoken: Kankanaey,English, Ilocano, and Tagalog
Mountain Province Major Industries The furniture industry Bamboo and rattan Backstrap weaving
Mountain Province How to Get There By Land: ○ The central and eastern mountain towns of Bontoc, Sagada, Besao, and Basuko can be reached by bus or car through the Halsema Highway. ○ The Dangwa Tranco or Lizardo bus lines in Baguio make at least two trips daily to the capital town of Bontoc, Sagada, Bauko, and Besao. ○ From Manila, buses travel only up to Banawe, Ifugao. From there, jeepneys are available for the 3 to 4 hour ride to Bontoc or Sagada.
Mountain Province: TouristAttractions Ato/Dap-ay Traditionally, a place where the council of elders hold various ceremonies, meetings, and happenings, which may be religious, social, or political in nature. It is a public structure used as a dormitory by the bachelors, widowers, young boys, and visitors in the village. A fireplace is built at the center and a wooden pole stands opposite it where heads of animals butchered and sacrificed are hung.
Mountain Province: TouristAttractions Hanging Coffins Coffins arranged in high steep rock formations. Sagada Caves The town sits in a limestone valley riddled with over 60 known caves. The Sagada caves feature shimmering underground streams with golden or silvery stalactite and stalagmite formations and cool natural pools inside. Sumaging, the largest, can be explored by anyone with a local guide.
Mountain Province: Tourist Attractions Bontoc Village Museum Located within the Catholic Sisters’ Convent and Saint Vincents Elementary School. it features a range of artifacts crafted by the Igorots for domestic purposes and traditional celebrations or practices. Inside the museum, one could appreciate the distinct richness of the Igorots way of life Blackstrap and Loom Weaving Houses Loom weaving is done in Sabangan and Sagada. Samoki, a village in Bontoc, specializes in backstrap weaving. Various colorful woven materials like knapsacks, placemats, bags, and purses are among the popular products.
Mountain Province:Festivals Mountain Province Foundation Day (April 7) An- agro-industrial trade, tourism, and cultural affair with tribal dances and songs in full regalia. Begnas (January, June, April, September, Novem ber) Ethnic offering of thanksgiving for a bountiful harvest, where pigs or chicken are butchered for the family or clan members to partake of.
Mountain Province:Festivals Chom-no or Chonno The grandest and most expensive wedding celebration, which usually happens once in four or five years, where the number of carabaos butchered reflect the economic status of the family; accompanied by much dancing and singing.
Ifugao Ifugao is home to a thriving ancient culture and host to the famous rice terraces. The famous terraces had been inscribed in UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1995 as “a continuing cultural landscape” The Ifugao native huts could probably be among the world’s first prefabricated houses that do not use a single nail or metal to fasten their parts.
Ifugao Basic Facts Capital: Lagawe Total Land Area: 2,628.2 km2 Total Population: 180,711 Political Division: 11 Municipalities, 175 Baranggays Languages Spoken: English, Ifugao, Ilocano and Tagalog
Ifugao Boundaries west by the province of Benguet Nueva Viscaya on the south Isabela on the east, and on the north
Ifugao Major Industries Farming trading industry (gift, toys & house wares) Services Manufacturing (garments & textiles) Food & beverages.
Ifugao How to Get There: By Land: By bus via Auto Bus, Dangwa Tranco Bus, and KMS Bus from Manila from Baguio City: through Ohayami Bus, Dangwa Tranco Bus, and KMS Bus.
Ifugao: Tourist Attractions Banaue Rice Terraces Dubbed as the "Eight Wonder of the World," the Banaue Rice Terraces start from the base of the mountain range and reach up to several thousand feet high. It is said that their length, put end to end, would encircle half of the globe. Made 2,000 years ago, these rice terraces manifest the engineering skill and ingenuity of the sturdy Ifugaos. Streams and springs found in the mountains were tapped and channeled into irrigation canals that run downhill through the rice terraces.
Ifugao: Tourist Attractions Batad Rice Terraces Located at Barangay Batad in Banaue, these rice terraces are shaped like an amphitheater. Bangaan Rice Terraces The rice terraces cluster and village both showcase the typical Ifugao community, where the livelihood activities are within the surroundings
Ifugao: Tourist Attractions Mayoyao Rice Terraces These rice terraces can be found in Mayoyao, 44 kilometers away from Poblacion, Banaue. The poblacion of Mayoyao lies in the midst of these rice terraces Hapao Rice Terraces More of Ifugaos world-famous stone-walled rice terraces can be found in the municipality of Hungduan..
Ifugao: Tourist Attractions Philippine War Memorial Shrine The enormous memorial shrine was built to commemorate the end of World War II. A concrete pyramid-type structure that resembles an oversized Ifugao native house, it depicts historical events, from Filipino opposition to Spanish rule to the Death March, and the role of the Ifugao and American troops in the defeat of General Yamashita.
Ifugao: Festivals Banaue Imbayah The Imbayah ethnic sports festival is a unique three-day affair that is celebrated only once every four years. Activities include an ethnic parade portraying the evolution of the Ifugao culture. This is followed by ethnic games.
Ifugao: Festivals Gotad ad Kiangan The festival, held in Kiangan, is actually a part of the Ifugao prestige rites. Traditionally involves a festive celebration filled with singing, dancing, and drinking wine. Gotad ad Hingyon It is one special day in twelve feasts that are celebrated by the Ifugao royal class to please their gods. Modern Ifugaos celebrate Gotad in April include cultural parades, ethno-modern sports, and a booth competition where the best of Ifugao crafts are displayed.