TRAVEL 101 Week 2


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TRAVEL 101 Week 2

  1. 1. ThePhilippines: AnOverview School of Hospitality Management
  2. 2. Video Presentation School of Hospitality Management
  3. 3. The Philippines• The second-largest archipelago in the world, with 7, 107 tropical islands.• Often overlooked by travellers because of its location on the „wrong‟ side of the South China Sea• First and foremost, the Philippines is a place of natural wonders – a string of coral-fringed islands strewn across a vast expanse of the western Pacific.• Boasts some of the world‟s best diving and snorkelling spots. School of Hospitality Management
  4. 4. Location • Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippines Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam • Geographic Coordinates: 13 00 N, 122 00 E • Capital City: Manila School of Hospitality Management
  5. 5. Fast Facts• Climate – Hot and Dry – March to May – Rainy – June to October – Cool – November to February – Temperature : 78A0F/25A0C to 90A0F/32A0C ; humidity 77% Population • 89,468,677 as of July 2006 School of Hospitality Management
  6. 6. Fast Facts• Languages – 2 official language: English and Filipino – 8 major dialects• Religion • 83 % Catholics • 5 % Muslim • 12 % smaller Christian dominations and Buddhist School of Hospitality Management
  7. 7. How to Get There?• Most visitors will arrive by plane. International travellers can fly into airports in:• Manila• Cebu• Davao• Angeles (Clark)• Kalibo• Zamboanga School of Hospitality Management
  8. 8. How To Get there?• Tourists can take flights to the Philippines depending on their point of origin: – United States: Delta Airlines and Philippine Airlines – Europe: KLM – Southeast Asia: Philippine Airlines School of Hospitality Management
  9. 9. How To Get there?• Tourists can take flights to the Philippines depending on their point of origin: – Japan: Japan Airlines, All Nippon Airlines and Philippine Airlines – Middle East: Emirates, Gulf Air, Saudia Airlines School of Hospitality Management
  10. 10. Entry Requirements• Nationals from the vast majority of countries, including all ASEAN countries, can enter the Philippines without a visa for a period not exceeding 21 days as long as they have a return ticket, as well as passports valid for a period of at least six months beyond the period of stay.• Nationals of Brazil and Israel may enter the Philippines without a visa for a stay not exceeding 59 days• while holders of Hong Kong, British National (Overseas) and Macau passports, as well as Portuguese passports issued in Macau, are allowed to stay in the Philippines without a visa not exceeding seven days. School of Hospitality Management
  11. 11. History About 25,000 Philippines aboriginal inhabitants—the Negritos or B.C. Aeta’s—came from the Asian mainland. 1300s A.D. Trade is being conducted with India, Indonesia, China, and Japan. 1521 Magellan Discovers the Philippines 1542 The Spaniards claim the Philippines for Spain. 1886 Jose Rizal publishes Noli Me Tangere. 1896 Rizal’s execution. 1898 Declaration of Philippine Independence from Spain. 1935 Creation of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. 1941 Japanese Invasion; MacArthur’s defeat at Bataan. 1944 MacArthur reinvades the Philippines. School of Hospitality Management
  12. 12. History 1945 MacArthur liberates Manila. 1972 Marcos Declares Martial Law. 1983 Ninoy Aquino’s assassination. 1986 EDSA Revolution. 1992 The United States turns over Subic bay Naval base to the Philippine Government. 2000 Impeachment proceedings against Estrada leads to EDSA II. School of Hospitality Management
  13. 13. Regions REGION PROVINCE Region 1 Ilocos Region Region 2 Cagayan Valley Region 3 Central Luzon Region 4-A CALABARZON Region 4-B MIMAROPA Region 5 Bicol Region Region 6 Western Visayas School of Hospitality Management
  14. 14. Regions REGION PROVINCE Region 7 Central Visayas Region 8 Eastern Visayas Region 9 Zamboanga Peninsula Region 10 Northerm Mindanao Region 11 Davao Region Region 12 SOCCSKSARGEN Region 13 Caraga ARMM Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao CAR Cordillera Administrative Region NCR National Capital Region School of Hospitality Management
  15. 15. Profile:• 3rd largest English speaking country in the world• Democratic Government * Executive Branch - Headed by Chief of Staff (President) and V.President - Cabinet * Legislative Branch - Senate - House of Representatives * Judicial Branch - Supreme Court School of Hospitality Management
  16. 16. Economy• Major industries – Agriculture : sugarcane, coconuts, rice, corn, bananas, cassavas, pineapple, mangoes, pork, eggs, beef, fish – Industry : Electronics assembly, footwear, pharmaceutical, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing School of Hospitality Management
  17. 17. Economy• Currency: Peso• GDP (purchasing power parity) $451.3 B (2005 est)• GDP: $91.36 B (2005 est)• GDP (real growth rate) 5.1% (2005 est)• GDP (per capita, PPP) $5,100 (2005 est)• GDP (composition by sector)- (2005 est) – Agriculture – 14.8 % – Industry – 31.7 % – Services – 53.5 % School of Hospitality Management
  18. 18. Economy• Labor Force – 36.73 million (2005 est) – Agriculture – 36% – Industry – 16 % – Services – 48 % (2004 est)• Unemployment Rate – 12.2% (2005 est)• Population below Poverty line: 40% (2001 est) School of Hospitality Management
  19. 19. Economy• Labor Force – 36.73 million (2005 est) – Agriculture – 36% – Industry – 16 % – Services – 48 % (2004 est)• Unemployment Rate – 12.2% (2005 est)• Population below Poverty line: 40% (2001 est) School of Hospitality Management
  20. 20. Economy• Labor Force – 36.73 million (2005 est) – Agriculture – 36% – Industry – 16 % – Services – 48 % (2004 est)• Unemployment Rate – 12.2% (2005 est)• Population below Poverty line: 40% (2001 est) School of Hospitality Management
  21. 21. Economy• Inflation rate : 6.2 % (2006)• Investment : 16.3 % of GDP (2005 est)• Revenues : $12.38B• Expenditure : $15.77B School of Hospitality Management
  22. 22. Economy• Public debt : 77.4% of GDP (2005 est)• Imports : $42.66B (2005 est) – Raw materials, machinery and equipment, fuels, vehicles and vehicle parts, plastic, chemicals, grains – Import partners: US 18.8%, Japan 17.4%, Singapore 7.8%, Taiwan 7.3%, South Korea 6.2%, China 6%, Malaysia 4.5% (2004) School of Hospitality Management
  23. 23. Economy• Exports: $41.25B (2005 est) – Electronic equipment, machinery & transport equipment, garments, opticla instruments, coconut products, fruits & nuts, copper products, chemicals – Partners: Japan 20.1%, US 18.2%, Netherlands 9%, Hongkong 7.9%, China 6.7%, Singapore 6.6%, Taiwan 5.6%, Malaysia 5.2% (2004) School of Hospitality Management
  24. 24. Transnational Issues• International Disputes: – Philippines claim sovereignty over Spratly Islands – Island also claimed by China, Malaysia, Taiwan and Vietnam• Illicit drugs: – Domestic methamphetamine production – Marijuana School of Hospitality Management
  25. 25. The Country and its peopleWhat you need to know….• Pinoy –Filipino Male• Pinay – Filipina Female• Filipinos love to eat• “Po” or “Opo” – form of acknowledgement when one calls an elder‟s name School of Hospitality Management
  26. 26. The Country and its peopleWhat you need to know….• Touching an elder‟s hand to ones forehead is a sign of respect• One of the highest literacy rates in Asia at almost 100%• When giving directions, most Filipinos point with their lips• 2nd happiest country according to the world happiness index School of Hospitality Management
  27. 27. The Country and its peopleWhat you need to know….• Bahala na means what will be, will be• Filipinas are known for their grace, beauty and warmth• Filipinos celebrate anything & everything – (festivals for all kinds of saints and native dances) School of Hospitality Management
  28. 28. The Country and its peopleWhat you need to know….• Bayanihan or spirit of Kinship and camaraderie• Hospitality• Piousness• Close Family Relations School of Hospitality Management
  29. 29. The Philippines8 ANCHOR DESTINATIONS School of Hospitality Management
  30. 30. 8 Anchor Destinations• MANILA – Country‟s capital – Fast growing metropolis – Showcase different cultures School of Hospitality Management
  31. 31. 8 Anchor Destinations• CEBU – Queen City of the South – Site of new and exciting business ventures between local and foreign capital School of Hospitality Management
  32. 32. 8 Anchor Destinations• DAVAO – Industrial hub of Mindanao – Mt. Apo – highest peak in the country and home of the Philippine Eagle School of Hospitality Management
  33. 33. 8 Anchor Destinations• BAGUIO – Country‟s Summer Capital – 1500 meters above sea, 8 degrees cooler than lowlands – Jump-off point to the famous Banawe Rice Terraces School of Hospitality Management
  34. 34. 8 Anchor Destinations• BORACAY – Known as Island paradise – Powder white sand, crystal blue waters – Located at northern tip of Panay island, 3 hours from Manila School of Hospitality Management
  35. 35. 8 Anchor Destinations• PALAWAN – Country‟s Last Frontier – Situated between Mindoro Island and North Borneo – Home to over 80 minority groups, Calamian deer, Palawan bearcat – White sand beaches, black marble caves, breathtaking dive sites School of Hospitality Management
  36. 36. 8 Anchor Destinations• BOHOL – Country‟s 10th largest Island – Pristine white beaches, wonderful dive sites, Chocolate Hills and Tarsier – Site of historic Blood compact between Sikatuna and Legazpi School of Hospitality Management
  37. 37. 8 Anchor Destinations• LAOAG/VIGAN – Located in Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur – Impressive wide highways and narrow cobble stoned homes, antiquated towns, Antillan ancestral homes School of Hospitality Management
  38. 38. The PhilippinesMAJOR ATTRACTIONS School of Hospitality Management
  39. 39. Major AttractionsBanaue Rice TerracesIfugao, Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)• Listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.• The process of construction began approximately 2,000 years ago• The terraces were carved mainly to provide an area of land suitable for planting rice• The rainforests above the mountains act as a natural irrigation system used to water the rice plants. School of Hospitality Management
  40. 40. Major AttractionsTubbataha ReefsSulu Sea, southeast of Puerto Princesa City, Palawan Province• A sanctuary consisting of over 1000 species of marine creatures and birds.• The Reef is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is the most popular Philippine diving site for tourists. School of Hospitality Management
  41. 41. Major AttractionsPuerto Princesa Subterranean River National ParkPuerto Princesa, Palawan• Part of the new 7 Wonders of the world.• The Puerto Princesa Subterranean River is one of the worlds longest underground river and the previous record holder of the longest underground river in the whole world.• The Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and home to diverse species of plants and animals• The park has over 800 plant species and over 300 animal species. School of Hospitality Management
  42. 42. Major AttractionsApo Reef National ParkOccidental Mindoro• The Apo Reef Natural Park is the second largest coral reef system in the world after the Great Barrier Reef system in Australia.• The park is inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. School of Hospitality Management
  43. 43. Major AttractionsChocolate HillsBohol• It consists of nearly 1800 small hills that are spread over an area of 20 square miles.• The hills are located in 3 towns of Bohol namely Carmen, Batuan and Sagbayan. School of Hospitality Management
  44. 44. Major AttractionsBoracay IslandKalibo, Aklan• One of the best and most beautiful beaches in the world. Boracay Island has been nominated several times as the NUMBER ONE Tropical Beach in the world.• It has two major tourism beaches namely White Beach and Bulabog Beach. School of Hospitality Management