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Tsm 2 sustainability and tourism

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  • 1. Environmental Sustainabilityand Tourism An uneasy relationship
  • 2. Contents• Definition• Environmental sustainability• Sustainable Tourism• Resource Paradox• Environmentally Sustainable Tourism• Sustainable Tourism Criteria• Green Globe Programme• Conclusions 2
  • 3. How to define......Environmental Sustainability “Long-term maintenance of ecosystem components and functions for future generations” (Entrix Consulting)...Tourism “The temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence, the activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities created to cater to their needs” (Mathieson and Wall, 1982) 3
  • 4. Environmental Sustainablity• Effectively managing our natural resources so they are available for the use of future generations.• UN Millenium Goal• Discrepancy between public speaking and private deciding (EU)• Top-down or bottom-up? 4
  • 5. Sustainable Tourism?What operators can do:• Energy, waste, and water efficient business practices• Community involvement in decision making• Identifying and managing the environmental effects associated with their activities• Identifying opportunities to market a business as sustainable• Identifying key partnershipsVisitors:• Making choices and taking actions to minimise the environmental impacts associated with their travels (New Zealand Tourism) 5
  • 6. Resource Paradox• Resource paradox at intersection of tourism and environment• Natural environment draws tourists and is part of tourist experience• At same time nature is exploited to satisfy visitors„ consumptive desires• Consumption and production exist simultaneously• Environmental consequences of tourist activity immediately evident Miller (2003) 6
  • 7. Environmentally Sustainable Tourism Developments...• ...are zero carbon and ready for a „low-carbon economy‟ where people see carbon as a valuable currency that is in short supply.• ...protect and enhance local biodiversity.• ...ensure that materials are responsibly sourced – where possible knowing their provenance from the bottom of the supply chain.• ...protect water resources and water quality – abstracting less water from fresh supplies than is replaced naturally, and do not impact on the ability of local communities to meet their water needs.• ...are zero waste – they do not send any waste to landfill. (Forum for the Future, 2008) 7
  • 8. Sustainable Tourism Criteria• Environment – Purchasing policy – Harmful substances – Consumable goods – Other pollutants – Energy consumption – Wildlife species – Water consumption – Wildlife in captivity – Greenhouse gas – Landscaping – Wastewater – Biodiversity conservation – Waste management plan – Interactions with wildlife 8
  • 9. Green Globe Programme 9
  • 10. Conclusion• Different definitions and worldviews• Long-term balance between appropriate tourism use and overuse remains fundamental issue• Tourism exploits and requires protection of environment at the same time = resource paradox• Sustainability paradigm• Consumer demand - make the right choice• Lack of collective leadership towards sustainability• First promising initiatives are on the way! 10
  • 11. How to define......Environmental Sustainability “Long-term maintenance of ecosystem components and functions for future generations” (Entrix Consulting)...Tourism “The temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence, the activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities created to cater to their needs” (Mathieson and Wall, 1982) 11
  • 12. Environmental Sustainablity• Effectively managing our natural resources so they are available for the use of future generations.• UN Millenium Goal• Discrepancy between public speaking and private deciding (EU)• Top-down or bottom-up? 12
  • 13. Sustainable Tourism?What operators can do:• Energy, waste, and water efficient business practices• Community involvement in decision making• Identifying and managing the environmental effects associated with their activities• Identifying opportunities to market a business as sustainable• Identifying key partnershipsVisitors:• Making choices and taking actions to minimise the environmental impacts associated with their travels (New Zealand Tourism) 13
  • 14. Resource Paradox• Resource paradox at intersection of tourism and environment• Natural environment draws tourists and is part of tourist experience• At same time nature is exploited to satisfy visitors„ consumptive desires• Consumption and production exist simultaneously• Environmental consequences of tourist activity immediately evident Miller (2003) 14
  • 15. Environmentally Sustainable Tourism Developments...• ...are zero carbon and ready for a „low-carbon economy‟ where people see carbon as a valuable currency that is in short supply.• ...protect and enhance local biodiversity.• ...ensure that materials are responsibly sourced – where possible knowing their provenance from the bottom of the supply chain.• ...protect water resources and water quality – abstracting less water from fresh supplies than is replaced naturally, and do not impact on the ability of local communities to meet their water needs.• ...are zero waste – they do not send any waste to landfill. (Forum for the Future, 2008) 15
  • 16. Sustainable Tourism Criteria• Environment – Purchasing policy – Harmful substances – Consumable goods – Other pollutants – Energy consumption – Wildlife species – Water consumption – Wildlife in captivity – Greenhouse gas – Landscaping – Wastewater – Biodiversity conservation – Waste management plan – Interactions with wildlife 16
  • 17. Green Globe Programme 17
  • 18. Conclusion• Different definitions and worldviews• Long-term balance between appropriate tourism use and overuse remains fundamental issue• Tourism exploits and requires protection of environment at the same time = resource paradox• Sustainability paradigm• Consumer demand - make the right choice• Lack of collective leadership towards sustainability• First promising initiatives are on the way! 18