TSM 101- Tourism Through the Ages
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TSM 101- Tourism Through the Ages

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Week 2 Tourism through the ages

Week 2 Tourism through the ages

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  • Mainly travel was done by militarygroup;s, government officials and caravans.
  • Mainly travel was done by militarygroup;s, government officials and caravans.
  • Mainly travel was done by militarygroup;s, government officials and caravans.
  • Festivals include: Olympic games, pythian games, isthmian games and memean games.
  • Festivals include: Olympic games, pythian games, isthmian games and memean games.
  • Tour Guides gave directions on what routes and regions to pass and the different inns they can stay at
  • He also made advanced arrangements for horses and hotel rooms of clients.


  • 1. TourismThrough theAges Week 2 School of Hospitality Management
  • 2. Early Beginnings of TravelThe Babylonians (Sumerians) – The creation of money and trade – Trade was developed around 400 B.C. – Babylonians were also credited with the founders of travel business. School of Hospitality Management
  • 3. Early Beginnings of TravelThe Egyptians – First cruises were organized and conducted from Egypt. • The first journey for Tourism was made by Queen Hatshepsut to the land of Punt in 1480. – Early Egyptians started the trait of purchasing souvenirs from the places they visit School of Hospitality Management
  • 4. Early Beginnings of TravelThe Egyptians – 2700 BC: the Pharaohs began to build elaborate burial tombs (pyramids) – Egyptians were also the first ones to start celebrating festivals. School of Hospitality Management
  • 5. First Voyage Around the WorldUse of Early roads – Mesopotamian roads were mainly paved dirt roads. – The island of Crete had better roads • 13 ½ feet wide two-lane road. School of Hospitality Management
  • 6. First Voyage Around the WorldUse of Early roads – The Romans developed roads for military use and it covered most of their empire. • Developed at around 150 BC • Roman roads were quite elaborate in construction. (cobblestones) • And some of these roads are still in use. School of Hospitality Management
  • 7. First Voyage Around the WorldThe Silk Road – The fabled road where the east met the west. – Some sections were directions across trackless steppe or desert – A trade route where states along this route traded. – Silk was not the only thing traded there. School of Hospitality Management
  • 8. The Classical WorldThe Olympic Games – Started in 776 BC. – City states gathered together every 4 years for competition – The games created festivals, and attractions were born out of it. – Lodging also became a commodity needed during these festivals School of Hospitality Management
  • 9. The Classical WorldHerodotus – Father of History – Travelled all over Greecce and the Aegean Islands, sailed to Cyrene and explored Sicily and Italy. – Made records of his travels – Also considered as the worlds first “Travel Writer” School of Hospitality Management
  • 10. Early ShipsPhoenicians – Master shipwrights. – Built a network of trading posts around the Mediterranean.Greeks – Followed the Phoenicians. – Improved ships and accelerated the Mediterranean trade. – Merchantships also carried passengers for profit. School of Hospitality Management
  • 11. Early Ships and Records of TravelChinese – Had ministers for travel as early as 4,000 years ago.Polynesians – Used small dugout canoes under 40 feet and used these to travel from South East Asia. School of Hospitality Management
  • 12. Early Tourism DevelopmentsEuropeans – The fall of Rome spelled disaster for travel and tourism. – Dark ages- only the most adventurous persons would travel. Travel was not for pleasure. • The Crusades – End of the Dark Ages; pilgrimages were popular. • The ancient Passport was born in 1388: permits for pilgrimages were required School of Hospitality Management
  • 13. Early Tourism DevelopmentsEuropeans – The rise of tour guides came about in the 14th century. – Pilgrimages gave birth to different accommodation facilities. – The “Grand Tour” • Travelling for educational purposes. • Where present trips to Europe originated School of Hospitality Management
  • 14. Early Tourist Attractions• Great Pyramids of Egypt (including Sphinx)• Hanging Gardens of Babylon• Tomb of Mausolus at Halicarnassus• Statue of Zeus at Olympia School of Hospitality Management
  • 15. Early Tourist Attractions• Collosus of Rhodes in the Harbor at Rhodes• Great Lighthouse (Pharos) in Alexandria, Egypt• Temple Artemis at Ephesus School of Hospitality Management
  • 16. Other Early Accommodation FacilitiesSpas, Baths and Seaside Resorts – The use of Spas after the original use by the Romans. – 18th century: Spas were very fashionable – Sea Bathing also became popular because saltwater had medicinal effects. School of Hospitality Management
  • 17. First Travel AgentsRobert Smart – Self-Proclaimed first steamship agent.Thomas Cook – Began Running a special excursion train from Leicester to Loughborough – Was recognized as the first rail excursion agent. School of Hospitality Management
  • 18. First Travel AgentsThomas Benett – Served as the British consul general in Oslo. – Arranged scenic tours in Norway for visiting British notables. – 1850: he set up a “Trip Organizer” business and provided tourists with itineraries, carriages, provisions and a “traveling kit” School of Hospitality Management
  • 19. Historic TransportationStagecoach Travel – Coaches were invented in Hungary during the 15th century and provided regular service on prescribed routes. – Stagecoach travel became so popular that it was responsible for the development of the famous English Tavern. School of Hospitality Management
  • 20. Historic TransportationWater Travel – As early as 1772, market boats picked up passengers and goods on ship canals in england. – Transport Service between Manchester and the London Bridge • This water travel service had a coffee room – Then came the Steamboats in 1815. School of Hospitality Management
  • 21. Historic Transportation• Rail Travel• Automobile and Motor coach Travel School of Hospitality Management
  • 22. Historic TransportationAir Travel – 1926 saw the first US Airline: Variety Airlines – First international route was flown by Pan American Airways from Key West, FL to Havana, Cuba – Gradual expansion of territories covered by US Airlines. – Most of their staff and equipment was used for war service during WWII. School of Hospitality Management
  • 23. Historic TransportationAir Travel – The Boeing 707: the first commercial Jet made by the United States. – 1969: The Concorde takes flight – 2003: The Concorde took its last Commercial Flight. School of Hospitality Management
  • 24. Historic Accommodations• Private dwellings were the earliest guest rooms. Travellers were hosted almost like members of the family.• Caravansaries and inns were used in the Middle East and in the Orient. School of Hospitality Management