Chapter 2                                  Resort History                         World of Resorts: From Development to Ma...
Competencies for                                 Resort History     1. Describe the origins and development of European an...
Resort History          • The origin of resorts can be traced back to the            second century B.C. to the public bat...
Resort History: Roman Empire          • Most baths were free but few had small entrance            fees.          • Baths ...
Resort History      Baths of Neptune:      This depicts the      structural elements of      a resort hotel that      woul...
Resort History          • As the Roman Empire expanded most baths were            built or located on sites with mineral h...
Resort History: Continental Spa                           Resorts© 2010, Educational Institute                    7
Resort History: Continental Spa                           Resorts          • The first noteworthy resort area was develope...
Resort History: Continental Spa                           Resorts          • The popularity of spas and resorts in England...
Resort History: Swiss Resorts          • The Swiss resort industry was developed in the            1800s to aid the need o...
Resort History: Swiss Resorts            • Hotel Baur au Lac, built in Zurich, was the first              resort to utiliz...
Resort History: Swiss Resorts© 2010, Educational Institute                        12
Cyclical Popularity of European                           Resorts          • Over popularity is an indicator of destinatio...
Resort History: Asian Setting          Chinese Mountain Resorts          •Predate those of Europe          •Not for public...
Resort History: Asian Setting          Mountain Resort of Chengde          •Built between 1703 and 1792 during the Qing   ...
Resort History: Asian Setting          Mountain Resort of Chengde          •The resort was used for relaxation and for pol...
Resort History: Asian Setting          Japanese Onsen             • Hot Spring             • Originated during the Heinan ...
Resort History: Asian Setting          Japanese Beach Town Resorts             • Japanese Samurai frequent present day    ...
Resort History: Asian Setting                   Edo Era                   •Shoguns and damiyos built houses in suburbs    ...
Four Precepts for a Pre-Meiji                             Resort Villa     1. A resort villa should be a place removed fro...
Resort History: Asian Setting                   Thai Beach Resorts                   •Hua Hin, the oldest beach resort in ...
Resort History: American                                  Contribution          • North American hotels were developed aro...
Resort History: American                                  Contribution          Tremont House          •The first luxury r...
Resort History: American                                  Contribution          Saragota Springs and Putnam          •The ...
Resort History: American                                  Contribution          Newport          •An early “Resort Enclave...
Resort History: American                                  Contribution          Bar Harbor          •One of Americas oldes...
Resort History: American                                  Contribution          Long Beach          •A destination ruined ...
Resort History: American                                  Contribution          Atlantic City, New Jersey: America’s first...
Resort History: American                                  Contribution          Atlantic City, New Jersey: America’s first...
© 2010, Educational Institute   30
Stages/Scenarios of the Destination                      Life Cycle                                •   Discovery/Explorati...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Resort Management session 2

6,478 views
6,253 views

Published on

1 Comment
17 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
6,478
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
15
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
661
Comments
1
Likes
17
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Resort Management session 2

  1. 1. Chapter 2 Resort History World of Resorts: From Development to Management Third Edition (424TXT or 424CIN)© 2010, Educational Institute
  2. 2. Competencies for Resort History 1. Describe the origins and development of European and Asian resorts. 2. Outline the history, development, and influence of American resorts. 3. Describe resort developments in the twentieth century. 4. Summarize lessons from resort history.© 2010, Educational Institute 2
  3. 3. Resort History • The origin of resorts can be traced back to the second century B.C. to the public baths of Rome. • The first baths were small, modest and separated the genders. Eventually, the baths became larger, more elaborate and were opened to both men and women.© 2010, Educational Institute 3
  4. 4. Resort History: Roman Empire • Most baths were free but few had small entrance fees. • Baths were much like resorts of today because of all the amenities offered at their location.© 2010, Educational Institute 4
  5. 5. Resort History Baths of Neptune: This depicts the structural elements of a resort hotel that would appear repeatedly in later centuies 1. Frigidarium. 2. Tepidaria. 3. Caldarium. 4. Original Caldarium, later abandoned. 5. Statue of Hadrian’s wife Sabina as Ceres. 6. Latrine. Source: Russell Meiggs, Roman Ostia, 2nd ed. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1973).© 2010, Educational Institute 5
  6. 6. Resort History • As the Roman Empire expanded most baths were built or located on sites with mineral hot springs. • Greeks associated these hot springs with the gods and built sacred wells and altars on this site.© 2010, Educational Institute 6
  7. 7. Resort History: Continental Spa Resorts© 2010, Educational Institute 7
  8. 8. Resort History: Continental Spa Resorts • The first noteworthy resort area was developed in Belgium in 1326 in a town now called Spa. • An ironmaster, named Colin le Loup, was cured of a long-term illness when he bathed in the iron-rich waters. • Opened a shelter there and the town surged in popularity. • Spa means fountain© 2010, Educational Institute 8
  9. 9. Resort History: Continental Spa Resorts • The popularity of spas and resorts in England is a result of King Charles II visiting trendy hot spots in the 1600s. • Many English spas are unique because they have gambling and dancing. • Spas also became popular because of the medical benefits that were attributed to them such as waters that were rich in certain minerals and could cure ailment© 2010, Educational Institute 9
  10. 10. Resort History: Swiss Resorts • The Swiss resort industry was developed in the 1800s to aid the need of private resort facilities for more prosperous people. • At the time, travel was not simple. People who traveled to resorts stayed for long periods of time • Resort facilities being built to accommodate a guest better than your average inn.© 2010, Educational Institute 10
  11. 11. Resort History: Swiss Resorts • Hotel Baur au Lac, built in Zurich, was the first resort to utilize the value of a scenic view. • Faces lake lucerne • At first, Switzerland resorts were seen as summer places, but soon skiing became popular as well as gambling© 2010, Educational Institute 11
  12. 12. Resort History: Swiss Resorts© 2010, Educational Institute 12
  13. 13. Cyclical Popularity of European Resorts • Over popularity is an indicator of destination maturation and its impending decline.© 2010, Educational Institute 13
  14. 14. Resort History: Asian Setting Chinese Mountain Resorts •Predate those of Europe •Not for public access- resorts were built by emperors for their families and associates. •These resorts were used as spiritual and recuperative retreats and venues. •Basic construction follows the principles of feng shui© 2010, Educational Institute 14
  15. 15. Resort History: Asian Setting Mountain Resort of Chengde •Built between 1703 and 1792 during the Qing Dynasty, the Mountain Resort took 89 years to complete. •It covers a total area of 5.6 square kilometres •Located northeast of Beijing was once the largest royal summer residence of the emperors of the Qing dynasty.© 2010, Educational Institute 15
  16. 16. Resort History: Asian Setting Mountain Resort of Chengde •The resort was used for relaxation and for political affairs thereby becoming “China’s second political center.” •The resort has 2 main parts: • Palaces • Gardens : lake, plains and mountains •Its layout became a pattern still used by new resorts to this day.© 2010, Educational Institute 16
  17. 17. Resort History: Asian Setting Japanese Onsen • Hot Spring • Originated during the Heinan period • Villas built by Japanese Emperors for their family and courtiers.© 2010, Educational Institute 17
  18. 18. Resort History: Asian Setting Japanese Beach Town Resorts • Japanese Samurai frequent present day Yokohama (Kanzawa) for its beautiful beaches, meditate in the zen temples and make use of the bunko library© 2010, Educational Institute 18
  19. 19. Resort History: Asian Setting Edo Era •Shoguns and damiyos built houses in suburbs that are used to entertain guests, tea ceremonies and relaxation. •Common resort destination was the “onsen” or Hot springs for all people from different classes.© 2010, Educational Institute 19
  20. 20. Four Precepts for a Pre-Meiji Resort Villa 1. A resort villa should be a place removed from one’s place of daily living, equipped to carry on one’s work to pursue cultural or intellectual activities, and suitable as a family retreat or for entertaining important guests. 2. A resort is a place for toji treatment, health restoration, and recreation built around a hot spring. 3. A villa in a one-off location should serve an important secondary function as a place of refuge and a safe haven. 4. A resort villa should serve as a place for private study and mediation or as a gathering place for guests of like minds in intellectual pursuits.© 2010, Educational Institute 20
  21. 21. Resort History: Asian Setting Thai Beach Resorts •Hua Hin, the oldest beach resort in Thailand •Became a summer palace for King Rama VII’s reign. •The construction of the railway station in Hua Hin made it possible for the place to be accessible. •After World War 1, the destination was transformed into a resort town and became a favorite destination of Thai high society.© 2010, Educational Institute 21
  22. 22. Resort History: American Contribution • North American hotels were developed around spas in the late 1800s. • The first resorts were built first in the east in Virginia, New York and West Virginia. • Shortly after, seaside resorts became popular© 2010, Educational Institute 22
  23. 23. Resort History: American Contribution Tremont House •The first luxury resort built in 1829 in Boston •The Tremont House and featured bellboys, gaslights instead of candles and marble and private rooms with locks for each family. •The Tremont House introduced luxury standards that influenced resort design and operations.© 2010, Educational Institute 23
  24. 24. Resort History: American Contribution Saragota Springs and Putnam •The first ‘big’ hotel was built by Gideon Putman in Saratoga Springs. •This was also the first hotel of saragota springs •Putnam uncovered and tubed several mineral springs.© 2010, Educational Institute 24
  25. 25. Resort History: American Contribution Newport •An early “Resort Enclave” dominated by the development of private vacation cottages that would compete with commercial hotel developments. •Bailey’s Beach- a seafront property owned by Alfred Smith and Joseph Bailey that featured cottages in the lot that were sold to millionaires as their “vacation cottages”© 2010, Educational Institute 25
  26. 26. Resort History: American Contribution Bar Harbor •One of Americas oldest fishing and hunting resorts. •This area was promoted by Robert Carter •This hallmark town demonstrates how marketing is important to any destination.© 2010, Educational Institute 26
  27. 27. Resort History: American Contribution Long Beach •A destination ruined by overdevelopment and lack of planning and environment controls. •Aggressive promotions, rapid development and re development of existing hotels lead to too much volume of tourists. •Overcrowding lead to the decline of the area which lead to the closure of hotels.© 2010, Educational Institute 27
  28. 28. Resort History: American Contribution Atlantic City, New Jersey: America’s first Resort City •Atlantic City emerged as America’s first resort city. • An internationally renowned resort city for gambling, conventions, and leisure.© 2010, Educational Institute 28
  29. 29. Resort History: American Contribution Atlantic City, New Jersey: America’s first Resort City •The city also served as the inspiration for the original version of the board game Monopoly. •Successfully catered to both middle and upper-class societies. •Famous for its tourism innovations and responsible for a host of promotional “firsts”. •The site of US’ first easter parade, first amusement pier, and the observation roundabout© 2010, Educational Institute 29
  30. 30. © 2010, Educational Institute 30
  31. 31. Stages/Scenarios of the Destination Life Cycle • Discovery/Exploration • Involvement • Development • Consolidation • Stagnation • Decline • Rejuvenation© 2010, Educational Institute 31

×