Nicholas

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Nicholas

  1. 1. By: Nicholas
  2. 2. Chemotherapy is the use of toxic chemicals to kill to cancer cells. It works in many ways. Chemotherapy main goal is too kill cancer cells To stop them from spreading so it does not come back Make symptoms better
  3. 3.  In 1940 and it was discovered by Paul Ehrlich Discovered during World War II It was accidently discovered -when people were exposed to mustard gas
  4. 4.  There are more than 300 drugs used in chemotherapy All drugs fall into four categories1. Antimetabolites2. Alkylating agents3. Topoisomerase inhibitors4. Anthracyclines
  5. 5.  Make the tumor smaller Kill cancer cells Help when using other drugs like radiation Kill cancer cells that have come back Kill cancer cells that have spread A tumor is a layer of tissue within the human body
  6. 6.  The chemical agents they use kills the cancer cells Tumors get smaller making surgery easier Gets rid of pain by making the tumor smaller Helps people enjoy life longer
  7. 7.  It also kills normal  Nausea cells  Infection Anemia  Fatigue Loss of appetite  Diarrhea Hair loss Mouth sores Vomiting How long the negative side effects last depends on the type of chemotherapy and how your health is.
  8. 8. Anxious Depressed Afraid Angry Frustrated Helpless LonelyPeople can join support groups to help.
  9. 9.  Adjuvant-Given to improve survival when cancer is no longer evident Primary-Use of chemotherapy drugs as the main treatment Induction-Initiation of chemotherapy with plans of further treatment Combination-The use of two or more chemotherapy drugs
  10. 10.  Injection-Through muscle in your arm ,thigh , hip, fat part of your arm, leg or belly Intra-arterial-Directly into the artery that is feeding the cancer Intraperitoneal-Directly into the peritoneal cavity Intravenous-Directly into the vain Topical-in a cream that you rub on to your skin Oral-comes in a pill, capsule, or liquid Peritoneal cavity is the area that contains organs such as intestines, stomach and liver You do not need to stay at a hospital, chemotherapy is given at the doctors office, in a clinic, at home or as an outpatient at the hospital.
  11. 11.  Cancer treatment is getting better all the time because scientist are always trying to come up with ways to beat it Many people with cancer go into recovery There are now over 300 types of drugs to treat cancer
  12. 12.  http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/library/chemot herapy/CA00029.html http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art .asp?articlekey=21716 http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/ 158401.php http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/chemoth erapy.aspx Chemotherapy and you –national cancer institute

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