Chemotherapy is the use of toxic chemicals to kill to cancer cells. It works in many ways. Chemotherapy main goal is too kill cancer cells To stop them from spreading so it does not come back Make symptoms better
In 1940 and it was discovered by Paul Ehrlich Discovered during World War II It was accidently discovered -when people were exposed to mustard gas
There are more than 300 drugs used in chemotherapy All drugs fall into four categories1. Antimetabolites2. Alkylating agents3. Topoisomerase inhibitors4. Anthracyclines
Make the tumor smaller Kill cancer cells Help when using other drugs like radiation Kill cancer cells that have come back Kill cancer cells that have spread A tumor is a layer of tissue within the human body
The chemical agents they use kills the cancer cells Tumors get smaller making surgery easier Gets rid of pain by making the tumor smaller Helps people enjoy life longer
It also kills normal Nausea cells Infection Anemia Fatigue Loss of appetite Diarrhea Hair loss Mouth sores Vomiting How long the negative side effects last depends on the type of chemotherapy and how your health is.
Anxious Depressed Afraid Angry Frustrated Helpless LonelyPeople can join support groups to help.
Adjuvant-Given to improve survival when cancer is no longer evident Primary-Use of chemotherapy drugs as the main treatment Induction-Initiation of chemotherapy with plans of further treatment Combination-The use of two or more chemotherapy drugs
Injection-Through muscle in your arm ,thigh , hip, fat part of your arm, leg or belly Intra-arterial-Directly into the artery that is feeding the cancer Intraperitoneal-Directly into the peritoneal cavity Intravenous-Directly into the vain Topical-in a cream that you rub on to your skin Oral-comes in a pill, capsule, or liquid Peritoneal cavity is the area that contains organs such as intestines, stomach and liver You do not need to stay at a hospital, chemotherapy is given at the doctors office, in a clinic, at home or as an outpatient at the hospital.
Cancer treatment is getting better all the time because scientist are always trying to come up with ways to beat it Many people with cancer go into recovery There are now over 300 types of drugs to treat cancer
http://www.cnn.com/HEALTH/library/chemot herapy/CA00029.html http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art .asp?articlekey=21716 http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/ 158401.php http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/chemoth erapy.aspx Chemotherapy and you –national cancer institute