Outline1. Picture 2. Introduction 3. Family 4. Childhood 5. Timeline 6. Characteristics 7. What he explored 8. Who he admired 9. What he invented or discovered 10. How his inventions changed the world
Introduction Isaac was one of the greatest early scientists (before Albert Einstein) Born Christmas Day, 1642 in Woolsthorpe, England 3 months premature, no one thought that he would live Father died 3 months before born Died in London on March 31st, 1727 (85 years)
Family Mothers name was Hannah Ayscough Father died 3 months before he was born Mother remarried a man named Barnabas Smith, a wealthy rector, when Isaac was 3 years old He had to go and live with his grandma Most of their family income came from raising sheep for the wool
Childhood Isaac was lonely and always by himself Mother married twice and both fathers died Mother wanted him to become a farmer when he grew up (didn’t want to) Went to a school called King School until age 17 Went to The Trinity College after Education was not important for this family Was very religious
Timeline 1 of 3 December 25th, 1642 -‐ Isaac is born 1646 – mother, Hannah remarried and moved away 1653 -‐ death of Hannahs second husband 1661 -‐ Isaac enrolls in Trinity College, in Cambridge, England July 1662: ·∙Founding of the Royal Society 1665: ·∙Newton receives his Bachelor of Arts from Trinity College 1666: ·∙Fire in London. Outbreak of plague drives Newton to retire to his mothers home in Woolsthorpe. 1669: ·∙Newton appointed Lucasian Chair of Mathematics at Trinity, a position he will hold for the next thirty-‐four years. January 11, 1672: ·∙Newton elected to the Royal Society February 1672: ·∙Newtons paper on optics and his prism experiments sent to the Society. Rivalry with Hooke begins.
Timeline 2 of 3 1670s: ·∙Newton works on the mathematics of gravitation in his home in Cambridge. 1674: ·∙Hooke writes book in which he suggests existence of "attractive powers," akin to gravity. 1679: ·∙Death of Hannah Newton January 1684: ·∙Hooke discusses principle of inverse squares with Christopher Wren and Halley August 1684: ·∙Halley goes to visit Newton in Cambridge, where they discuss the principle inverse squares and its relationship with planetary orbits. November 1684: ·∙Newton completes his calculations on gravity and shares them with Halley, who urges him to publish. February 1685: ·∙Newton sends a brief treatise, Propositiones de Motu, to the Royal Society, outlining his ﬁndings. April 1686: ·∙Newton presents the ﬁrst book of the Principia to the Royal Society. September 1687: ·∙Publication of the complete Principia
Timeline 3 of 3 1689: ·∙Newton elected as Cambridges representative to Parliament. 1693: ·∙Newtons "Black Year." He is plagued by depression and insomnia, and apparently suﬀers a nervous breakdown in September. 1695: ·∙Newton appointed warden of the Mint, to oversee the implementation of a new currency. He leaves Cambridge and moves to London. 1699: ·∙Newton named master of the Mint. 1703: ·∙Death of Hooke; Newton elected President of the Royal Society. 1704: ·∙Publication of Optics; beginning of feud with Leibniz. 1705: ·∙Newton knighted by Queen Anne. 1712: ·∙Royal Society commission, under Newtons direction, investigates the competing claims of Leibniz and Newton to having developed calculus, and decides in favor of Newton. 1713: ·∙Second edition of the Principia published. November 14, 1714: ·∙Death of Leibniz 1726: ·∙Third edition of the Principia published; all reference to Leibniz has been removed. March 20, 1727: ·∙Death of Sir Isaac Newton, in London.
Characteris:cs Silent, thinker Usually by himself reading books or thinking Asked questions to himself about the world His questions were thoughtful; didn’t have simple answers Did not get along with people Did not like people to question his thinking so he hardly published his discoveries Not gracious of other scientists discoveries
What did he explore Light/color Astronomy Mathematics Motion Gravitational forces
Who did he admire/look up to Aristotle (natural philosopher) Nicolaus Copernicus (astronomer) Galileo Galilei (astronomer) Henry More (English philosopher)
What did he invent/discover Invented a way to do experiments and prove questions Discovered that light was made up of many diﬀerent colors Invented the reﬂecting telescope Discovered the 3 laws of motion Discovered gravity
How did his inven:ons/discoveries change the world We might not understand the color spectrum of a rainbow His telescope helped scientists get a closer view of space All machines and moving objects use his 3 laws of motion For example cars, rockets, pulleys His calculus helps mathematicians express complex equations Just imagine no Isaac, possibly no modern technology
Now I am going demonstrate the 3 laws of motion.