History• In 1975, the format and content of the POH was standardized to make it easier for Pilots to use and for easier transitions between different makes and models of airplanes.
History• All airplanes built after March 1, 1979, are required to be equipped with an FAA approved airplane flight manual (AFM).
What’s the Difference?• PIM (Pilots Information Manual)• POH (Pilots Operating Handbook)• AFM (Airplane Flight Manual)
Pilots Information Manual• Same information as the POH/AFM – Except for the precise W&B data – And optional equipment specific to the airplane• Usually not updated• Organized in the same manner as the POH/AFM• A great study tool
POH/AFM• Required for flight• Has to be within arms reach of the Pilot In Command (PIC)
The POH• Contains as many as Ten Chapters – General – Limitations – Emergency Procedures – Normal Procedures – Performance – Weight & Balance – Airplane & Systems Description – Handling, Service, & Maintenance – Supplements – Safety & Operational Tips
General• Presents basic information such as; – Loading – Handling – Preflight of the aircraft – Definitions – Abbreviations – Symbology – Terminology Explanations
Limitations• Includes – Operating limitations – Instrument markings – Color coding – Basic Placards necessary for the safe operation of the airplane.
Emergency Procedures• Provides checklists followed by AMPLIFIED PROCDURES for coping with various types of emergencies or critical situations.• Is there a difference between Emergency and Abnormal Procedures?
Normal Procedures• Includes – Checklists – Amplified procedures – Recommended airspeeds
Performance• Gives performance information appropriate to the airplane, plus optional information presented in the most likely order for use in flight.
Weight & Balance• Includes – Weighting procedure – Weight & Balance records – Computation instructions – Equipment list (what the hell is this about)
Airplane & Systems Description• Describes the airplane & its systems in a format considered by the manufacturer to be most informative.
Handling, Service, & Maintenance• Includes – Info on airplane inspection periods – Preventative maintenance that can be performed by the pilot – Ground handling procedures – Servicing – Cleaning & care instructions
Supplements• Contains information necessary to safely & efficiently operate the airplanes various optional systems & equipment.• This is where most of the illegal-ness takes place.
Safety & Operational Tips• Includes optional information from the manufacturer of a general nature addressing safety practices & procedures.
So…..• How do I find out if my POH/AFM is current and legal for me to use?• Simple, just contact the manufacturer or the FAA to find out the current revision number.
So…..• What’s a revision number? – Anytime the original publication has a change that relates to all aircraft of that model.
How to Know if its Current• Cessna – (316) 517-5800• Go to www.CessnaSupport.com – Click on CPACS – Click on Revision Status Checklist under the Publications column
What About The Stamp?• Last year, the FAA stopped the requirement of the “stamp” in the POH.• As long as you have the most current revision, and all applicable supplements, then your legal.
Emergency Procedures• Airspeeds – Why does maneuvering speed change? – Is best glide always this speed? – Are these speeds accurate?
You should go through at least oneemergency/abnormal procedure each flight
This will be a normal takeoff. We will departing on runway 24 with an initial altitude of 3,000. Vr is 50 and Vy is 67. If we have any problems before rotation or with adequate runway remaining after liftoff, we willabort. Standard emergency procedures will be used in the event of engine failure without adequate runway remaining. Best glide is 65 KIAS. We won’t even think about returning to this airport unless we are at 1,000 AGL. Any questions or comments?
Engine Failure• Practice an “option” on takeoff• Just about anything is Simulate-able• Steep Spiral to land?• Inside the fence vs. on the runway
Fires• On the ground• In the air• Wing fire• Electrical fire• Cabin fire
Icing• What the “icing equipment” that your aircraft has?• Cessna with icing and Climb don’t go together• STALL speed will increse• No flaps• Static source/Pitot source
Landing With a Flat Tire• Try landing on one wheel. This will also help with your cross wind landings.
Electrical Failures• Master off.• Split rocker, what happens if you cut just the alternator off?
Vacuum System• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MlvbjerCz wk• Does ATC know what you need????
Radio Failure• How many items will – Radio freq. correct you check before – Radio volume up squawking 7600? – Freq. good? – Try 2nd radio – Head set plugged in – System voltage – Head set volume up – Altitude – Headset good – Squelch – Try HH mic – Try right side jacks – Is PTT Stuck