City of Capitola Hazard Mitigation Plan Presentation to Council. Draft by Todd L. Mayer BS, MS (831) 464-2080/ firstname.lastname@example.org.
A Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan is required if a community/jurisdiction seeks disaster recovery money for permanent work under Public Assistance.In hazard mitigation planning, the actual process of planning is a important as the plan itself. “An effective and open public involvement process ensures that all citizens understand risks and vulnerability so that they will work with the jurisdiction and support policies, actions, and tools that over the long-term will lead to a reduction in future losses.”Don’t confuse the Emergency Plan with the Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan.
A Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan is required if a community/jurisdiction seeks disaster recovery money for permanent work under Public Assistance.In hazard mitigation planning, the actual process of planning is a important as the plan itself. “An effective and open public involvement process ensures that all citizens understand risks and vulnerability so that they will work with the jurisdiction and support policies, actions, and tools that over the long-term will lead to a reduction in future losses.”
Another purpose of the ‘Plan’ is to encourage sound planning – jurisdictions may/should integrate other plans such as:General Plan (e.g., land use planning and zoning, building code enforcement, infrastructure improvements, flood plain management, etc.),Community Rating System Plan (CRS), through the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), participation reduces community’s flood premiums,Community Wildfire Protection Plan (CWPP).
Grant money is available for the development of a Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan.PDM grants are offered annually, 75% Federal Share and 25% Local Share, the 2010 grant solicitation is closed. FEMA will post their 2011 Hazard Mitigation Assistance Unified Guidance early June 2010.The unified grant solicitation includes three grant types: Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM), Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) and Severe Repetitive Loss (SRL). To be eligible under the FMA and SRL, a jurisdiction must participate with the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).In addition, the applying entity must submit a Notice of Interest (NOI) by the posted deadline to be considered. An application cannot be accepted if an NOI is not received by the posted deadline.The Hazard Mitigation Assistance Unified Guidance program is offered using the e-grant on-line system. You must have an account to access the e-grant system, office staff can assist with setting up an account.
PLANNING grants are available under the PDM grant program. Past FMA grant programs have funded the development of an NFIP Community Rating System (CRS) plan or flood component of a Multi-Hazard Mitigation Plan. The time between planning grant application and grant award is generally 6 months. A jurisdiction must have a current FEMA approved Hazard Mitigation Plan or be sponsored by an entity that does, to apply for PROJECT grants. Project grant applications require a benefit cost analysis (BCA). The time between project grant application and grant award is generally 6 months to several years due to environmental review and permitting. The 2010 Hazard Mitigation Assistance is grant is closed. Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) funds are available for planning but only after a major disaster declaration.
It is best not to adopt the ‘Plan’ until it is approved by FEMA, FEMA or the State may require revisions to the submitted draft of the ‘Plan’.
City Of Capitola Hazard Mitigation 2010
Capitola Police Department Pre-Disaster Mitigation Plan By: Todd L. Mayer, BS, MS
What is Hazard Mitigation Planning? Hazard mitigation is “any action taken to reduce or eliminate the long-term risk to human life and property from natural hazards.” In California this definition has been expanded to include both natural and man-made hazards. We understand hazard events will continue to occur that may result in death, destruction of property and infrastructure. The work done to minimize the impact of hazard events to life and property is called Hazard Mitigation.
The Essential Steps of Hazard Mitigation Hazard identification. Vulnerability analysis. Defining a hazard mitigation strategy. Implementation of hazard mitigation activities.
Why Hazard Mitigation Planning? State, Indian Tribal, and local governments are required to develop a hazard mitigation plan as a condition for receiving certain types of non- emergency disaster assistance, including funding for mitigation projects. The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and the Emergency Assistance Act provides the legal basis for State, local, and Indian Tribal governments to undertake a risk-based approach to reducing risks from hazards through mitigation planning.
What is the Plan’s Purpose? A key element in developing and maintaining a local hazard mitigation plan is to strive to establish a policy and program framework within local government that is adequate to control the risks of damage and disruption from future disasters. As a component of the City of Capitola Local Hazard Mitigation Plan, the existing plans, policies, codes, and programs are to be assessed for comparison to the risks posed to the community by the hazards identified.
What is the Plan’s Purpose? Identify hazards and understand risks. Build relationships prior to an emergency. FEMA approved plan is required for funding opportunities: Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP). Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM). Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA). Repetitive Flood Claims (RFC). Severe Repetitive Loss (SRL).
Hazard Mitigation Grant Programs Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP): HMGP assists in implementing long-term hazard mitigation measures following Presidential disaster declarations. Funding is available to implement projects in accordance with State, Tribal, and Local priorities. Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM): PDM provides funds on an annual basis for hazard mitigation planning and the implementation of mitigation projects prior to a disaster. The goal of the PDM program is to reduce overall risk to the population and structures, while at the same time, also reducing reliance on Federal funding from actual disaster declarations.
Hazard Mitigation Grant Programs Repetitive Flood Claims (RFC): RFC provides funds on an annual basis to reduce the risk of flood damage to individual properties insured under the NFIP that have had one or more claim payments for flood damages. RFC provides up to 100% federal funding for projects in communities that meet the reduced capacity requirements. Severe Repetitive Loss (SRL): SRL provides funds on an annual basis to reduce the risk of flood damage to residential structures insured under the NFIP that are qualified as severe repetitive loss structures. SRL provides up to 90% federal funding for eligible projects.
What is in the Hazard Mitigation Plan? §44 CFR 201.6 outlines content requirements: Plan Purpose. Development Process. Community Demographics. Hazard Profiles and Risk Assessment. Describe type, location, geographic extent, vulnerability of hazards- Flood vs. Earthquake vs. Tsunami vs. Man-made event. Estimate potential losses.
What is in the Hazard Mitigation Plan? Hazard Mitigation Alternatives: “Preparedness” actions for all hazards. Emergency notification system. Education and training. Mitigation actions specific to a hazard. Safe room for storm shelter. Soil testing for expansive soils. Mitigation Goals and Objectives. Reduce or avoid long-term vulnerabilities.
What is in the Hazard Mitigation Plan? Mitigation Strategy: Strategies identified for all hazard types. Staff will assist participants in developing local mitigation strategies specific to the community’s exposure and impacts to identified natural and man-made hazards. Collaboration with other jurisdictions.
What is in the Hazard Mitigation Plan? Plan Maintenance Process: Five year cycle for plan once approved. Monitor, evaluate and update plan. Maintain public involvement. Incorporate Hazard Mitigation Plan into existing planning mechanisms, i.e. Safety Element of the General Plan, Capital Improvements Plan, etc.
Sampling of Possible Hazards Landslide / Erosion Earthquake Severe Winter Storm Energy Disruption Structural Failure Extreme Heat Flooding Tsunami Grass / Timber / Wildfire
Mitigation Goals and Objectives Possible Goals and Objectives: Protect lives and reduce injuries. Coordinate internal and external emergency plans. Coordinate with other agencies. Enhance the City’s resiliency.
Plan Review and Approval Process Plan presented to City Council for adoption. Plan will be submitted to the State Hazard Mitigation Branch for initial review and coordination with the City. State routes the plan to the FEMA Regional Office for formal review and approval. Regional review is approximately 45 days
Plan Maintenance Process Monitor, Evaluate and Update Plan: Police Department will coordinate maintenance. The plan should be reviewed periodically (annually?). Updates or changes to the plan will be tracked. A Public Comment section should be placed on the City Website. Planning Team members should receive yearly reminders requesting plan input or updates.