Chapter twelve.1

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Chapter twelve.1

  1. 1. WELCOME BACK ANDWELCOME BACK ANDHAPPY NEW YEAR!HAPPY NEW YEAR!Today’s AgendaToday’s Agenda Get your IANGet your IAN Get a Current Event from the TrayGet a Current Event from the Tray Answer these questions on page 30 of your NotebookAnswer these questions on page 30 of your Notebook What did you do on your Christmas break?What did you do on your Christmas break? What was your favorite present?What was your favorite present? What did you not get that you wanted?What did you not get that you wanted? Write three things you know about the Mexican WarWrite three things you know about the Mexican War(Draw a line underneath your questions and title it(Draw a line underneath your questions and title itMexican War)Mexican War) Current EventCurrent Event Organize Notebooks (find them or get a new one)Organize Notebooks (find them or get a new one) Mexican War NotesMexican War Notes Pair’s ActivitiesPair’s Activities Wrap UpWrap Up
  2. 2. MEXICAN WARMEXICAN WARU.S. and Mexican TensionsU.S. and Mexican TensionsTreaty of Guadalupe HidalgoTreaty of Guadalupe HidalgoCompromise of 1850Compromise of 1850
  3. 3. WHY DID TEXAS HAVEWHY DID TEXAS HAVETROUBLE BECOMINGTROUBLE BECOMINGPART OF THE UNITEDPART OF THE UNITEDSTATES?STATES? Texas wanted to be admitted aTexas wanted to be admitted aslave state and this caused manyslave state and this caused manytoto NOTNOT want Texas to become awant Texas to become astatestateSale of Loise for Owners BackSale of Loise for Owners BackTaxes, July 25, 1849Taxes, July 25, 1849According to this Harris countyAccording to this Harris countydocument, C.W. Bassett oweddocument, C.W. Bassett owed$2.40 in back taxes. The tax$2.40 in back taxes. The taxassessor seized his property,assessor seized his property,"One Negro girl named Loise,"One Negro girl named Loise,about ten years old and slave forabout ten years old and slave forlife," and offered her for sale atlife," and offered her for sale atpublic auction to pay the taxes.public auction to pay the taxes.There were no bidders, and LoiseThere were no bidders, and Loisewas purchased by the state forwas purchased by the state for$5.90. Her fate is unknown.$5.90. Her fate is unknown.
  4. 4. TENSIONS BETWEENTENSIONS BETWEENMEXICO AND THE US INMEXICO AND THE US IN1845 – WHAT WERE1845 – WHAT WERECAUSESCAUSES Annexation of TexasAnnexation of Texas Dispute over BoundaryDispute over Boundary Dispute over treaty in 1836Dispute over treaty in 1836
  5. 5. THE MEXICAN WARTHE MEXICAN WAR1846 - 18481846 - 1848 Fighting breaks out in disputed territory on AprilFighting breaks out in disputed territory on April24, 1846 between General Zackary Taylor and24, 1846 between General Zackary Taylor andMexican troopsMexican troops Congress declares war on Mexico on May 13,Congress declares war on Mexico on May 13,18461846 5,000 Texans served in Army during Mexican5,000 Texans served in Army during Mexicanwarwar 80,000 soldiers fought in this war80,000 soldiers fought in this war 13,000 died13,000 died Treaty signed on February 2, 1848Treaty signed on February 2, 1848
  6. 6. THE WAR WITH MEXICO, 1846–THE WAR WITH MEXICO, 1846–18481848
  7. 7. TREATY OFTREATY OFGUADALUPE HDALGOGUADALUPE HDALGO Mexico surrendered all claim to TexasMexico surrendered all claim to Texas And the Rio Grande became Texas’ southernAnd the Rio Grande became Texas’ southernborderborder Mexico surrendered all claim to all landMexico surrendered all claim to all landbetween Texas and the Pacific Ocean, knowbetween Texas and the Pacific Ocean, knowas the Mexican Cessionas the Mexican Cession United States paid $15 million for theUnited States paid $15 million for thetransferred landtransferred land United States took over claims by US citizensUnited States took over claims by US citizensagainst Mexico and agreed to respect theagainst Mexico and agreed to respect therights of Spanish-speaking peoplerights of Spanish-speaking people
  8. 8. THE MEXICANTHE MEXICANCESSIONCESSION The land that Mexico ceded at the end ofThe land that Mexico ceded at the end ofthe Mexican war, almost one half of thethe Mexican war, almost one half of thetheir land.their land.
  9. 9. COMPROMISE OF 1850COMPROMISE OF 1850 California is admitted as a free stateCalifornia is admitted as a free state New Mexico and Utah become territories that couldNew Mexico and Utah become territories that couldchoose to be free or slavechoose to be free or slave Slave trade but not slavery was ended in WashingtonSlave trade but not slavery was ended in WashingtonD.C.D.C. The South received the Fugitive Slave LawThe South received the Fugitive Slave Law Texas gives up some of its disputed territory to theTexas gives up some of its disputed territory to thenorth and west to create its present day bordersnorth and west to create its present day borders Texas received $10 million for this land which allowedTexas received $10 million for this land which allowedTexas to become debt freeTexas to become debt free
  10. 10. TEXAS AND THE COMPROMISE OFTEXAS AND THE COMPROMISE OF18501850
  11. 11. MEXICAN WAR FACTSMEXICAN WAR FACTS WHOWHO Mexico v USMexico v US Taylor v AristaTaylor v Arista Polk v Santa AnnaPolk v Santa Anna WHATWHAT Dispute over territoryDispute over territory WHENWHEN April 25, 1846 to February 2, 1848April 25, 1846 to February 2, 1848 WHEREWHERE Texas, Western US and MexicoTexas, Western US and Mexico
  12. 12. 6 PANEL FOLDABLE6 PANEL FOLDABLEMust have oneMust have oneillustration per panelillustration per panel2 E V E N T S (B A T T L E S ) C O M P R O M I S E O F 1 8 5 0T I T L E P A G EM R . F R E E S EC A U S E S O F M E X I C A NW A R (A T L E A S T 2 )O U T C O M E S O FM E X I C A N W A R (A TL E A S T 3 )K E YI N D I V I D U A L S
  13. 13. WINFIELD SCOTTWINFIELD SCOTT CommandedCommandedSouthern ArmySouthern Armyduring Mexican Warduring Mexican War Was ArmyWas Armycommandercommander June 13, 1786 – MayJune 13, 1786 – May29, 1866)29, 1866)
  14. 14. ZACHARY TAYLORZACHARY TAYLOR Commander of theCommander of theNorthern Armies ofNorthern Armies ofthe North during thethe North during theMexican War.Mexican War. Was the 12Was the 12ththPresident of thePresident of theUnited StatesUnited States
  15. 15. JAMES K. POLKJAMES K. POLK 1111ththPresident of thePresident of theUnited StatesUnited States One term PresidentOne term Presidentduring the Mexicanduring the MexicanWarWar
  16. 16. General Mariano AristaGeneral Mariano Arista CommandingCommandingGeneral of MexicanGeneral of Mexicanforces that metforces that metZachary Taylor toZachary Taylor tostart Mexican Warstart Mexican War

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