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HTML5 and CSS3 Techniques You Can Use Today



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  • As more browsers deliver rich support for the next generation of standards-based web development, new techniques are enabling web developers to design with unprecedented levels of control. In this session, learn practical HTML5 and CSS3 techniques that you can use in any web project today. Learn how to easily add drop shadows to HTML objects, how to quickly create rounded corners, how to use custom fonts, and even how to animate with CSS. All techniques are demonstrated with special attention to cross-browser support and tips for supporting older browsers
  • http://dev.w3.org/html5/html4-differences/Goes on to say:The same goes for XHTML1, which defines an XML serialization for HTML4, and DOM Level 2 HTML, which defines JavaScript APIs for both HTML and XHTML. HTML5 will replace these documents.
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HTML
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cascading_Style_SheetsIE Mac: Shipped in March 2000First browser to 100% support CSS: IE on Mac!9 style sheet languages proposed in early 90sLanguages:1996:JavaScript Style Sheets (JSSS) – Netscape1994: Cascading HTML Style Sheets (CHSS)1994: Stream-based Style Sheet Proposal (SSP)
  • WHATWG FAQs on Living Standard: http://wiki.whatwg.org/wiki/FAQ#What_does_.22Living_Standard.22_mean.3F
  • What is the IE strategy for HTML5/CSS3?
  • On Microsoft’s strategy/approach to HTML5:http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ie/archive/2010/12/20/html5-site-ready-and-experimental.aspxhttp://blogs.msdn.com/b/interoperability/archive/2010/12/21/prototyping-early-w3c-html5-specifications.aspx
  • http://html5labs.interoperabilitybridges.com/http://www.beautyoftheweb.com
  • CSS3’s evolutionary approachMicrosoft is focusing primarily on adding product support at the Candidate Recommendation stageReview status of various CSS3 proposed specs: http://www.w3.org/Style/CSS/current-work
  • Microsoft Extensions: http://blogs.msdn.com/b/ie/archive/2008/09/08/microsoft-css-vendor-extensions.aspxVendor specific prefixes: http://reference.sitepoint.com/css/vendorspecific
  • -Show example of browser prefixes in actionhttp://www.w3.org/TR/CSS21/syndata.html#vendor-keywords
  • CSS3’s evolutionary approachMicrosoft is focusing primarily on adding product support at the Candidate Recommendation stageReview status of various CSS3 proposed specs: http://www.w3.org/Style/CSS/current-work
  • This is not a question with a single correct answer. It all depends on your audience and strategy.There are several general strategies for defining what is “usable” today.
  • Useful for adding HTML5 to both older browsers + new browsers that do not have a specific HTML5 featurehttp://remysharp.com/2010/10/08/what-is-a-polyfill/https://github.com/Modernizr/Modernizr/wiki/HTML5-Cross-browser-Polyfills
  • Strategy: Design for lowest common denominator, Enrich/Enhance as more capabilities are availableImage Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/aaronolaf/833342657/
  • Strategy: Design for best case scenario (premium features), and gracefully remove features as resources are not availableImage Source: http://www.mbusa.com/mercedes/index
  • http://dev.w3.org/html5/html4-differences/
  • HTML5 & CSS3 in VS2010 SP1: http://madskristensen.net/post/HTML5-CSS3-in-Visual-Studio-2010-SP1.aspxHTML5 in VS2008: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/1682180/will-visual-studio-2010-support-html-5
  • http://code.google.com/p/ie7-js/Testing IE:http://spoon.net/browsers/Three choices: Hack it – Force features with JS shivsSupport it – Provide gracefully degraded experienceKill it – Provide message indicating no or limited support
  • http://www.modernizr.comhttp://www.alistapart.com/articles/taking-advantage-of-html5-and-css3-with-modernizr/Modernizr now ships with ASP.NET MVC 3
  • http://diveintohtml5.org/geolocation.htmlSpec: http://dev.w3.org/geo/api/spec-source.htmlOnly lat, long, acc are guranteed. Other values might be available, including altitude, altitudeAccuracy, heading, speedCan force maximum age for cached geolocation objectsCan handle errors and make repeat location calls using navigatior.geolocation.watchPosition(successCallback, errorCallback, {maximumAge:time})Google Maps API v3 Reference: http://code.google.com/apis/maps/documentation/javascript/basics.html(Free to use on all apps that are free to consumers – no API keys needed)
  • http://html5demos.com/storageTutorial:http://html5tutorial.net/tutorials/working-with-html5-localstorage.htmlFallback for older browsers: http://amplifyjs.com/api/store/
  • http://diveintohtml5.org/forms.htmlPolyfills for other HTML5 features:http://ericleads.com/h5validate/
  • http://www.google.com/support/webmasters/bin/answer.py?hl=en&answer=164506Google tool for testing Rich Snippets: http://www.google.com/webmasters/tools/richsnippetsGoogle will not show content from hidden div's in Rich Snippets.Currently, review sites and social networking/people profile sites are eligible. We plan to expand Rich Snippets to other types of content in the future. (Sept 2010)http://knol.google.com/k/google-rich-snippets-tips-and-tricksImprove video discovery: http://googlewebmastercentral.blogspot.com/2009/09/supporting-facebook-share-and-rdfa-for.htmlAnother very popular emerging microformat: Open Graph (by Facebook)http://developers.facebook.com/tools/linthttp://ogp.me/
  • http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/d/d0/Chrome_Logo.svgComparison articles:Great comparison: http://dev.opera.com/articles/view/svg-or-canvas-choosing-between-the-two/http://blogs.sitepoint.com/2010/07/06/canvas-vs-svg-how-to-choose/ (IDEA: progressive enhancement techniques — for example, IE8 and earlier versions show a table of data whereas supported browsers show an animated pie chart.)SVG Bridge for all browsers:http://raphaeljs.com/CANVAS Bridge for IE: http://code.google.com/p/explorercanvas/(Pointless canvas example: http://paulirish.com/2010/high-res-browser-icons/)SVG is DOM-based. All elements exist in DOM. Thus, you can attach event handlers. CON: Many objects can hurt perf.CANVAS is PIXEL-based. All elements rendered quickly, but not part of DOM. CON: Harder to interact.
  • http://flashcanvas.net/http://code.google.com/p/explorercanvas/
  • http://www.javascriptkit.com/dhtmltutors/customattributes.shtmlhttp://html5doctor.com/html5-custom-data-attributes/Two methods of access:- Via Attributes (http://api.jquery.com/category/attributes/)Via “dataset” (plug-in required today: http://www.orangesoda.net/jquery.dataset.html)
  • http://www.impressivewebs.com/css3-click-chart/
  • http://html5reset.org/http://meyerweb.com/eric/tools/css/reset/http://html5doctor.com/html-5-reset-stylesheet/http://html5boilerplate.com/
  • @font-face was first proposed for CSS2 and has been implemented in Internet Explorer since version 5IE relied on proprietary Embedded Open Type (.eot)Old school solutions involved things like sIFR (http://www.mikeindustries.com/blog/sifr/)Modern browsers finally support TTF and OTF + Most support new WOFF (exception is Safari)Resources:http://www.css3.info/preview/web-fonts-with-font-face/http://www.alistapart.com/articles/cssatten
  • Making fonts compatible with IE requires some work-around:http://randsco.com/index.php/2009/07/04/p680\\Discussion of WOFF:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_Open_Font_Format
  • Fix “bleeding” in Webkit with: -webkit-background-clip: padding-box;http://tumble.sneak.co.nz/post/928998513/fixing-the-background-bleedhttp://css3pie.com/
  • Not supported in IE9
  • http://designshack.co.uk/articles/introduction-to-css3-part-6-backgroundshttp://www.css3.info/preview/background-origin-and-background-clip/
  • Relatively new CSS standard defining Gradients: http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-images/IMAGES FROM: http://www.webdesignerwall.com/tutorials/cross-browser-css-gradient/Great visual CSS gradient generator: http://www.display-inline.fr/projects/css-gradient/#startType=hex&startValue=aaeeff&endType=hex&endValue=3399ccSimple Visual gradient creator: http://gradients.glrzad.com/Good explanation:http://www.dynamicdrive.com/style/csslibrary/item/css3_linear_gradients/background: black;background: -moz-linear-gradient(top, black, white);background: -webkit-gradient(linear, 0% 0%, 0% 100%, from(black), to(white)); /*You can also make gradient stops*/-moz-linear-gradient( top,rgb(214,24,166) 0%,rgb(255,51,200) 50%,rgb(255,77,240) 87%)
  • http://www.webdesignerwall.com/tutorials/css3-media-queries/http://www.w3.org/TR/css3-mediaqueries/http://www.w3.org/TR/2010/CR-css3-mediaqueries-20100727/
  • Great tutorial:http://designshack.co.uk/articles/css/using-less-js-to-simplify-your-css3LESS site: http://lesscss.org/
  • Not currently supported in IE9CSS3 Animation Examples:http://webdeveloperjuice.com/demos/css/css3effects.html#secondhttp://anthonycalzadilla.com/css3-ATAT/index.htmlhttp://www.optimum7.com/css3-man/animation.html
  • Great resourcefor checking mobile support: http://caniuse.com


  • 1. HTML5 and CSS3 Techniques You Can Use TodayDEV334
    Todd Anglin
    Chief Evangelist
  • 2. Introductions
    Todd Anglin
    Chief Evangelist, Telerik
    Microsoft MVP
    ASP Insider
    President NHDNUG & O’Reilly Author
  • 3. Development Tools
    Agile Planning
  • 4. Session Road Map
    Goal: Leave with at least 1
    HTML5/CSS3 technique
    you can use today
  • 5.
    While it continues to serve as a rough guide to many of the core features of HTML, it does not provide enough information to build implementations that interoperate with each other and, more importantly, with a critical mass of deployed content.”
    -W3C on HTML4
  • 6. HTML4 = Rough Guide
    Unpredictable Browser Support
  • 7. HTML & CSS History
    Addressing modern web applications & pains of the past
  • 8. HTML & CSS History
    CSS: Plagued by implementation bugs & inconsistencies
    Improve consistency & power of styling language
  • 9. How is the web evolving?
  • 10. {
  • 11. “Living Standard”
    Canvas Video
    HTML5 Forms
  • 12. Stable
    Canvas | Local Storage |Microdata| Document Editing |Geolocation| Semantic Tags | Video/Audio | Selectors
    In Progress
    WebGL | WebSockets | File API | Drag-Drop API | IndexDB | Offline API | Web Workers | HTML5 Forms
  • 13.
  • 14. IE9 offers support for the most relevant, real-world web patterns that developers are using today as well as the HTML5 patterns we expect to become more mainstream.”

    -Dean Hachamovitch
    Corporate VP, IE
  • 15. html5labs.interoperabilitybridges.com
    Platform Previews
  • 16. CSS 2.1
    CSS Color
    CSS 2
    Backgrounds &
    Media Queries
    25+ Drafts
    CSS3 Text
  • 17. -moz-border-radius: 5px 5px5px5px;
    -webkit-border-radius: 5px;
    border-radius: 5px;
    -moz-box-shadow: 2px 2px2px #333;
    -webkit-box-shadow: 2px 2px2px #333;
    box-shadow: 2px 2px2px #333;
    -webkit-background-size: 137px 50px;
    -o-background-size: 137px 50px;
    background-size: 137px 50px;
  • 18. Browser Prefixes
    “standard” way browsers implement experimental features
  • 19. Browser Prefixes
  • 20. WD
  • 21. What is usable today?
  • 22. Adoption Strategies
    Lowest Common Dominator
    Only use features natively available in all target browsers
  • 23. Adoption Strategies
    Only use features either natively available OR available via JavaScript polyfill
    X X
  • 24. polyfill
    (n) poly • fill: JavaScript that implants HTML5 functionality in a browser that does not offer native support
  • 25. Adoption Strategies
    Alternate Experiences
    Only use features available in target browsers AND design alternate experience for other browsers
    X X
    X X X
    X X
  • 26. progressiveenhancementgracefuldegradation
  • 27. [Source: Aaron Olaf, Flickr]
  • 28. [Source: Mercedes USA, http://mbusa.com/]
  • 29. Adoption Strategies
    Vertical Target
    Create experiences targeted at specific browsers (or classes of browsers)
    X X
    X X X
    X X
  • 30. Real World Browser Support
    Better, but not perfect
    Know your users. Know your browsers.
  • 31. HTML5 Techniques
    You can use today
  • 32. W3C on HTML5
    Defines a single language called HTML5 which can be written in HTML syntax and in XML syntax.
    Defines detailed processing models to foster interoperable implementations.
    Improves markup for documents.
    Introduces markup and APIs for emerging idioms, such as Web applications.
  • 33. Enriching VS Experience
    Add IntelliSense & Schema Validation to
    Visual Studio 2008/2010 (pre SP1) editor
  • 34. Older Browsers
  • 35. Modernizr
    Shiv’r + Inspector
    Simple way to check feature support
    Conditional JS and CSS
    .multiplebgs div p {
    /* properties for browsers that
    support multiple backgrounds */
    .no-multiplebgs div p {
    /* optional fallback properties
    for browsers that don't */
    if (Modernizr.canvas) {
    //Canvas supported
    if (Modernizer.cssColumns){
    //Columns supported
    *Don’t use with IE HTML5shiv. One or the other.
  • 36. DEMO
    Polyfilling & Older Browsers
    with Modernizr
  • 37. Semantic Tags
    Tags with meaning
    <div id=“header”>
    <div id=“content”>
    <div id=“nav”></div>
    <div id=“footer”>
    *Need polyfill to trigger styling in old IE
    Safe to use today!
  • 38. Video & Audio
    Semantic rich media
    Reach more people on more devices
    Safe to use today!
  • 39. Geolocation
    Usable on modern browsers + mobile
    Requires plug-in for older browsers
    function callback(position){
    varlat = position.coords.latitude;
    varlng = position.coords.longitude;
    varacc = position.coords.accuracy;
    Safe to use today!
  • 40. Local Storage
    Usable in modern browsers
    sessionStorage.setItem('value', this.value);
    localStorage.setItem('value', this.value);
    sessionStorage = per window
    localStorage = per browser
    5 MB limit
  • 41. HTML5 Forms
    Improved usability
    Uneven support across browsers
    <form name="f">
    <input id="q" autofocus>
    <!--Technique to support older browsers-->
    if (!("autofocus" in document.createElement("input"))) {
    <input type="submit" value="Go">
    Safe to use today!
  • 42. Rich Snippets (*microdata)
    Content with meaning
    Machines understand more of your content
    <div itemscopeitemtype="http://data-vocabulary.org/Event">
    <time itemprop="startDate"
    Oct 15, 7:00PM
    <time itemprop="endDate"
    Oct 15, 9:00PM
    <span itemprop="geo" itemscope
    <meta itemprop="latitude" content="37.774929" />
    <meta itemprop="longitude" content="-122.419416" />
    Safe to use today!
  • 43. SVG & Canvas
    Safe to use today!
  • 44. Canvas for IE6/7/8
    Many polyfills for older browsers
    JavaScript or Flash based
    Better Perf
  • 45. Custom Attributes
    Valid approach to storing data in HTML
    <!--Store values in data-* attributes-->
    <div id="mydiv" data-key="26" data-name="My product name">
    This product is an extremely popular choice.
    <!--Access values with JavaScript-->
    //Using DOM's getAttribute() property
    varkey = mydiv.getAttribute("data-key") //returns "26"
    //OR Using JavaScript's dataset property**var key = mydiv.dataset.key //returns "26"
    Safe to use today!
  • 46. CSS3 Techniques
    You can use today
  • 47. Leveling the Playing Field
    CSS Reset
    Browsers ship with built-in styles – zero them out!
    Enable newer features in older browsers
  • 48. CSS3 Selectors
    Powerful new selector options
    //Alternating Items
    li:nth-child(odd) { color: blue; }
    li:nth-child(even) { color: green; }
    li:nth-child(3n) { color: red; } //Every 3rd item
    //First/Last Items
    li:first-of-type { color: blue; }
    li:not(:first-of-type):not(:last-of-type) { color: orange; } //All *but* first/last
    input:enabled { border: 2px solid green; }
    input:disabled{ background-color: #BBB; }
    *Use jQuery to support legacy browsers
  • 49. CSS3 Color
    HSL and RGB
    Support for new color models + alpha channels
    background:hsla(165, 100%, 50%, 1.0);
    background:rgba(153, 134, 117, 0.2);
  • 50. Custom Fonts
    Biggest Problem?
    @font-face {
    font-family: Delicious;
    src: url('Delicious-Roman.otf') format(“opentype”);
    h3 { font-family: Delicious, sans-serif; }
  • 51. Web Font Providers
    Solve the licensing problem
    Host the WOFF/TTF/OTF font files
    Provide easy-to-use code
  • 52. Borders & Backgrounds
    Rounded corners, drop shadows, multi-backgrounds
    Expect GD for older browsers
    //Rounded Corners (Size)
    border-radius: 5px;
    //Drop shadow (hShift vShift Size Color)
    box-shadow: 2px 2px 5px #333;
    //Background control
    background: url(top.gif) top left no-repeat,url(bottom.gif) bottom left no-repeat;
    background-size: 150px 50px;
    *Use CSS3 PIE to support legacy IE browsers
  • 53. Drop Shadows
    Exactly like it sounds
    box-shadow: <hShift> <vShift> <size> <color>;
    -moz-box-shadow: 2px 2px2px #333;
    -webkit-box-shadow: 2px 2px2px #333;
    box-shadow: 2px 2px2px #333;
    Safe to use today!
  • 54. Text Shadows
    Uniform across supported browsers!
    text-shadow: <h offest> <v offset> <blur size> <color>;
    text-shadow: 2px 2px2px #333;
    //You can apply multiple shadows
    text-shadow: 2px 2px2px #333, 2px 2px 3px #CCC;
    Safe to use today!
  • 55. Backgrounds
    More options, more power
    multiple backgrounds
    resize backgrounds
    background clipping
    /*Background size*/
    -webkit-background-size: 137px 50px;
    -o-background-size: 137px 50px;
    background-size: 137px 50px;
    /*Multiple Backgrounds*/
    background: url(top.gif) top left no-repeat,
    url(bottom.gif) bottom left no-repeat,
    url(middle.gif) left repeat-y;
    /*Background origin*/
    background-origin: border;
    /*Other options: padding or content*/
    Safe to use today!
  • 56. Gradients
    Emerging CSS standard
    But useful and desirable
    Can be “shived” to support all browsers
  • 57. Media Queries
    Target styles to specific devices…
    And features!
    /*These two rules do the same thing*/
    @media all and (min-width:500px) { … }
    @media (min-width:500px) { … }
    /*Multiple conditions*/
    @media screen and (min-width: 600px) and (max-width: 900px) {
    .class {
    background: #333;
  • 58. LESS for CSS
    Use LESS to write less CSS
    Variables, operations, mix-ins, nested rules
    <link rel="stylesheet/less" href="style.less" type="text/css" />
    <script src="http://lesscss.googlecode.com/files/less-1.0.21.min.js"></script>
    @primaryColor: #383939;
    background-color: @primaryColor;
    .roundedCorners (@radius: 12px) {
    -moz-border-radius: @radius;
    -webkit-border-radius: @radius;
    border-radius: @radius;
    #page { background-color: @primaryColor; .roundedCorners; }
    Safe to use today!
  • 59. Animating with CSS
    Animate by setting CSS properties
    Works when JS is disabled
    #id_of_element {
    -webkit-transition: all 1s ease-in-out;
    -moz-transition: all 1s ease-in-out;
    -o-transition: all 1s ease-in-out;
    transition: all 1s ease-in-out;
    Safe to use today!
  • 60. Tomorrow Land (aka Mobile)
  • 61. which HTML5/CSS3 technique will you try?
  • 62. anglin@telerik.com
    @toddanglin + @htmlui