11 beethoven, the world of

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Inside the world of composer Ludwig van Beethoven

Inside the world of composer Ludwig van Beethoven

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  • Beethoven was able to make it as a free agent—he did not work for a court. There were wealthy patrons who would support him from time to time, but he also made money from ticket sales and royalties from his publications.

Transcript

  • 1. Music 111: Appreciation 10: The World of Beethoven
  • 2. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)One of the greatdisruptive forcesin the history ofmusic
  • 3. Born in Bonn,Germany
  • 4. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)Father was a tenorat the court of theElectorate ofCologne in Bonn
  • 5. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)Later, fathersuccumbed toalcoholism
  • 6. 1792George Washingtonre-elected president
  • 7. 1792Beethoven studies with Haydn
  • 8. Motive—a short succession of notes thatcreates a single and distinct impression A B
  • 9. Beethoven made a living as a free agent
  • 10. Some of Beethoven’s compositionsPiano sonatas (32)Symphonies (9)Fidelio—OperaViolin ConcertoPiano concertos (5)Triple Concerto (for violin, cello, piano)Missa solemnis—Large mass for choir, orchestra, soloistsLate string quartets—very dissonant!
  • 11. Beethoven’s Piano SonatasWrote 32 total sonatas throughout his life
  • 12. Piano Sonata No. 14 in C♯ minor "Quasi unafantasia,” op. 27, No. 2 (“Moonlight”)—1801Three movements
  • 13. Piano Sonata No. 14 in C♯ minor "Quasi unafantasia,” op. 27, No. 2 (“Moonlight”)Required: First movement Uncharacteristic of typical sonatas Truncated sonata-allegro form, no repeat of exposition, limited development
  • 14. Piano Sonata No. 14 in C♯ minor "Quasi unafantasia,” op. 27, No. 2 (“Moonlight”)Second movement: joyful and content
  • 15. Piano Sonata No. 14 in C♯ minor "Quasi unafantasia,” op. 27, No. 2 (“Moonlight”)Required: Third movement Turbulent character; weightiest of the three Fast arpeggios (fast chord figurations) and strongly accented notes
  • 16. Beethoven’s Symphonies (9)Third Symphony (1805): Eroica Dedicated to a heroFifth Symphony (1808)Sixth Symphony (1808): Pastoral Scenes from the countrysideNinth Symphony (1824): Choral features well-known melody and chorus in final movement
  • 17. Beethoven Symphony No. 5Composed 1804-1808
  • 18. Beethoven Symphony No. 51805 Napoleon’s Troops Occupy Vienna
  • 19. Beethoven Symphony No. 5Beethoven’s personal lifeTroubled by his increasing deafness
  • 20. First movement: Allegro con brioSonata-Allegro formBased on recurring rhythmic motiveRequired
  • 21. Second movement: Andante con motoSlow movementDouble Theme and Variations
  • 22. Third movement: Scherzo allegroScherzo—faster than a minuetItalian for “joke”
  • 23. Fourth movement: AllegroSonata-allegro formTriumphant!
  • 24. Symphony No. 6: “Pastoral”Scenes from the countrysideMovement 4: Allegro—depiction of a violentthunderstormMovement 5: Allegretto—Rondo form
  • 25. Beethoven’s influenceBeethoven’s symphonies are popular for alltime; everybody wants to hear them
  • 26. Beethoven’s influenceBeethoven’s Symphony No. 5 on first programfor New York Philharmonic in 1842
  • 27. Beethoven’s influenceBeethoven’s Symphony No. 5 on first programfor National Symphony Orchestra in 1931
  • 28. Beethoven’s influenceSymphony becomes an epic work
  • 29. F.J. Haydn (1732-1809)Composed 104 Symphonies
  • 30. W.A. Mozart (1756-1791)Composes roughly 40 symphoniesin his short 35-year life
  • 31. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)Composed 9 symphonies
  • 32. Music after BeethovenHow do new composers get theircompositions heard?