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Music 111: Appreciation 10: The World of Beethoven
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)One of the greatdisruptive forcesin the history ofmusic
Born in Bonn,Germany
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)Father was a tenorat the court of theElectorate ofCologne in Bonn
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)Later, fathersuccumbed toalcoholism
1792George Washingtonre-elected president
1792Beethoven studies with Haydn
Motive—a short succession of notes thatcreates a single and distinct impression        A B
Beethoven made a living as a free agent
Some of Beethoven’s compositionsPiano sonatas (32)Symphonies (9)Fidelio—OperaViolin ConcertoPiano concertos (5)Triple Conc...
Beethoven’s Piano SonatasWrote 32 total sonatas throughout his life
Piano Sonata No. 14 in C♯ minor "Quasi unafantasia,” op. 27, No. 2 (“Moonlight”)—1801Three movements
Piano Sonata No. 14 in C♯ minor "Quasi unafantasia,” op. 27, No. 2 (“Moonlight”)Required: First movement     Uncharacteris...
Piano Sonata No. 14 in C♯ minor "Quasi unafantasia,” op. 27, No. 2 (“Moonlight”)Second movement: joyful and content
Piano Sonata No. 14 in C♯ minor "Quasi unafantasia,” op. 27, No. 2 (“Moonlight”)Required: Third movement     Turbulent cha...
Beethoven’s Symphonies (9)Third Symphony (1805): Eroica      Dedicated to a heroFifth Symphony (1808)Sixth Symphony (1808)...
Beethoven Symphony No. 5Composed 1804-1808
Beethoven Symphony No. 51805 Napoleon’s Troops     Occupy Vienna
Beethoven Symphony No. 5Beethoven’s personal lifeTroubled by his increasing deafness
First movement: Allegro con brioSonata-Allegro formBased on recurring rhythmic motiveRequired
Second movement: Andante con motoSlow movementDouble Theme and Variations
Third movement: Scherzo allegroScherzo—faster than a minuetItalian for “joke”
Fourth movement: AllegroSonata-allegro formTriumphant!
Symphony No. 6: “Pastoral”Scenes from the countrysideMovement 4: Allegro—depiction of a violentthunderstormMovement 5: All...
Beethoven’s influenceBeethoven’s symphonies are popular for alltime; everybody wants to hear them
Beethoven’s influenceBeethoven’s Symphony No. 5 on first programfor New York Philharmonic in 1842
Beethoven’s influenceBeethoven’s Symphony No. 5 on first programfor National Symphony Orchestra in 1931
Beethoven’s influenceSymphony becomes an epic work
F.J. Haydn (1732-1809)Composed 104 Symphonies
W.A. Mozart (1756-1791)Composes roughly 40 symphoniesin his short 35-year life
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)Composed 9 symphonies
Music after BeethovenHow do new composers get theircompositions heard?
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11 beethoven, the world of

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Inside the world of composer Ludwig van Beethoven

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  • Beethoven was able to make it as a free agent—he did not work for a court. There were wealthy patrons who would support him from time to time, but he also made money from ticket sales and royalties from his publications.
  • Transcript of "11 beethoven, the world of"

    1. 1. Music 111: Appreciation 10: The World of Beethoven
    2. 2. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)One of the greatdisruptive forcesin the history ofmusic
    3. 3. Born in Bonn,Germany
    4. 4. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)Father was a tenorat the court of theElectorate ofCologne in Bonn
    5. 5. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)Later, fathersuccumbed toalcoholism
    6. 6. 1792George Washingtonre-elected president
    7. 7. 1792Beethoven studies with Haydn
    8. 8. Motive—a short succession of notes thatcreates a single and distinct impression A B
    9. 9. Beethoven made a living as a free agent
    10. 10. Some of Beethoven’s compositionsPiano sonatas (32)Symphonies (9)Fidelio—OperaViolin ConcertoPiano concertos (5)Triple Concerto (for violin, cello, piano)Missa solemnis—Large mass for choir, orchestra, soloistsLate string quartets—very dissonant!
    11. 11. Beethoven’s Piano SonatasWrote 32 total sonatas throughout his life
    12. 12. Piano Sonata No. 14 in C♯ minor "Quasi unafantasia,” op. 27, No. 2 (“Moonlight”)—1801Three movements
    13. 13. Piano Sonata No. 14 in C♯ minor "Quasi unafantasia,” op. 27, No. 2 (“Moonlight”)Required: First movement Uncharacteristic of typical sonatas Truncated sonata-allegro form, no repeat of exposition, limited development
    14. 14. Piano Sonata No. 14 in C♯ minor "Quasi unafantasia,” op. 27, No. 2 (“Moonlight”)Second movement: joyful and content
    15. 15. Piano Sonata No. 14 in C♯ minor "Quasi unafantasia,” op. 27, No. 2 (“Moonlight”)Required: Third movement Turbulent character; weightiest of the three Fast arpeggios (fast chord figurations) and strongly accented notes
    16. 16. Beethoven’s Symphonies (9)Third Symphony (1805): Eroica Dedicated to a heroFifth Symphony (1808)Sixth Symphony (1808): Pastoral Scenes from the countrysideNinth Symphony (1824): Choral features well-known melody and chorus in final movement
    17. 17. Beethoven Symphony No. 5Composed 1804-1808
    18. 18. Beethoven Symphony No. 51805 Napoleon’s Troops Occupy Vienna
    19. 19. Beethoven Symphony No. 5Beethoven’s personal lifeTroubled by his increasing deafness
    20. 20. First movement: Allegro con brioSonata-Allegro formBased on recurring rhythmic motiveRequired
    21. 21. Second movement: Andante con motoSlow movementDouble Theme and Variations
    22. 22. Third movement: Scherzo allegroScherzo—faster than a minuetItalian for “joke”
    23. 23. Fourth movement: AllegroSonata-allegro formTriumphant!
    24. 24. Symphony No. 6: “Pastoral”Scenes from the countrysideMovement 4: Allegro—depiction of a violentthunderstormMovement 5: Allegretto—Rondo form
    25. 25. Beethoven’s influenceBeethoven’s symphonies are popular for alltime; everybody wants to hear them
    26. 26. Beethoven’s influenceBeethoven’s Symphony No. 5 on first programfor New York Philharmonic in 1842
    27. 27. Beethoven’s influenceBeethoven’s Symphony No. 5 on first programfor National Symphony Orchestra in 1931
    28. 28. Beethoven’s influenceSymphony becomes an epic work
    29. 29. F.J. Haydn (1732-1809)Composed 104 Symphonies
    30. 30. W.A. Mozart (1756-1791)Composes roughly 40 symphoniesin his short 35-year life
    31. 31. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)Composed 9 symphonies
    32. 32. Music after BeethovenHow do new composers get theircompositions heard?
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