MAJOR MODERN MIGRATIONS The past five centuries have witnessed human migration on an unprecedented scale, much of it generated by events in Europe. European migration to the Americas occurred in different stages, with the first occurring in the 17th century for religious reasons.
A second stage occurred in the 19th century, driven by economic and environmentalconditions.
A third stage begins in the last quarter of the 20thcentury and continues today.They are coming to the U.S. for the same reasons aspast immigrants, but the country is much differenttoday.Amongst these immigrants, many are illegal, whichcreates a national debate in the U.S. over how tohandle immigration.
AFRICAN FORCED MIGRATIONSecond only to the historic European emigration was slave migration from Africa. Theterror and destruction of slave raiding afflicted large areas of Africa. Describe theimpact of this forced migration on both African and American societies.
INTERNAL MIGRATIONSAlthough internal migrants do not leave their countries, such movements canalso produce significant population shifts, affecting economic conditions andpolitical clout.
Governments can play a vital role in promoting internal migrations. A classic exampleoccurred in the 1960’s when the Brazilian govt. decided to move its capital from thefamous city of Rio de Janeiro to the yet-to-be created new capital, Brasilia.
The Brazilian govt. completed the mammoth task of constructing the new capitalcity, creating a large internal migration of Brazilians from the coastal areas to the newinland city. Why would the Brazilian govt. take such a big step in creating a newcapital?
MIGRATION DESTINATIONS in the U.S. Americans are the world’s most mobile people. The two historic internal migrations are the northward migration of black Americans from the rural South to the urban North and ….
…. the westward movement of the population as a whole. The West is still a majormigration destination and can be seen from the continual westward shift of the U.S.population’s center of gravity.