Each day millions of people are on the move. Migration occurs in surges, sometimesoverwhelming the authorities who try to control it. At other times, the surge may beencouraged.Explain the concept of activity (action) space. Does this space vary from place toplace? And, provide some examples. What factors would determine activityspace.
TYPES of MOVEMENT Migration is not the only form of movement that affects populations and communities. Mobility of all kinds is one of the defining characteristics of a culture, including cyclic movement, periodic movement, and migratory movement. We are creatures of habit, and our habits, from commuting to vacationing, define our activity space.
CYCLIC MOVEMENTExplain cyclic movement. In urbanized societies this daily cyclic movement has itsequivalent in the daily journey to work, commuting, a trip that sometimes involves hours oftravel in various modes of transportation. Other commuting examples? Various culturescommute in different ways. From the modern modes of transportation found in the U.S., ….
… to the Middle East, wherecommuting can take a markedly moreprimitive form, to …
….Japan, where commuters may have one of the most congested commutes in the world, to….
…. Vietnamese commuters, who utilize as much non-auto transportation as autotransportation, and ….
…. Chinese commuters, who rely heavily on bicycle transportation, even in the capital,Beijing.
More time-consuming and less frequent are cyclic movements termed seasonal movements.Describe this type of movement.
Seasonal movements include vacations, ….
…. college spring breaks at beach resorts, ….
…. and certain economic activities, such as fishing.
Quite another form of irregular, yet cyclic, movement is nomadism. Most nomadicmovement takes place according to travel patterns that are repeated time and again.What factors influence nomadic movement? Are nomads on the move year-round?Is this form of movement increasing, or decreasing?
PERIODIC MOVEMENTDistinguish periodic movements from more conventional cyclic movements. Examples ofperiodic movements include students attending college ….
…. individuals relocated through military service, ….
…. which increasingly evolves into lengthy peacekeeping missions, ….
…. and certain categories of migrant workers.
Another form of periodic movement is transhumance, referring to a system of pastoralfarming in which livestock and their keepers move in response to the seasonal availabilityof pastures.