NATIVE AMERICAN CULTURE REGIONSEASTERN WOODLAND/GREAT LAKES CULTURES
Provide the physicalcharacteristics of theenvironment that shapes thecultural characteristics for thetribes of the Eastern Woodlands& Great Lakes.
Food sources for these tribes included farming (corn & rice), ….
…. hunting and fishing in the bountiful lakes and forests, and ….
… the tapping of maple trees for sweet syrup to enhance their foods. In sum, did thesetribes enjoy a varied and balanced diet?
Identify the materials used by these tribes to construct their homes. Homes rangedfrom the smaller and more temporary in the summer ….
…. to the larger and morepermanent longhouses of theIroquois.
Identify the primary modes of transportation for these tribes. How did theirphysical environment impact modes of transportation?
ESKIMOSIdentify area encompassing the Eskimo tribes of North America.
Describe the physical characteristics of their environment that shape their culture.
Food sources for the Eskimos included hunting moose & caribou, ….
…. seal hunting, which iscontroversial, and ….
…. whale hunting, which is also controversial. Consumption of seal & whale fat isextraordinary, but they do not suffer from heart disease – why? Why isn’t farming amajor food source?
Describe traditional Eskimo housing.
The traditional igloo has been largely replaced by more permanent pre-fabricatedhousing, but many eskimos continue to use the igloo when they embark on long trips tocheck their trapping lines.
With a combination of higher body fat percentagesand warm clothing made from seals, the Eskimosstayed remarkably warm in their frigid environment.
…. the kayak was the transportation mode of choice.
NATIVE AMERICANS of the NORTHWEST The Indians of the Northwest lived in a long stretched out area encompassing the northwest corner of the present-day U.S. and southeast Canada.
Identify the region’s climate zone and its’ climate characteristics. Would thisenvironment be a more favorable one, or less favorable one?
Food sources were widely varied and included salmon fishing, ….
…. and whale hunting, which was always dangerous.
Describe the type of housing found (building materials, sturdiness, etc).
Identify the modes of transportation available to this group of Indians. What wouldhave been the primary mode of long-distance transportation?
NATIVE AMERICANS of the PLAINS The area encompassing the Plains Indians tribes is the vast mid-section of the present-day U.S. and south central Canada. Identify some of the present-day states.
Describe the physical features of their environment, including climate andtopography.
The physical environment provided a distinct food source for the Plains Indians – whatwas it? And identify other food staples.
Describe the importance of the buffalo in the Plains Indian’s culture? What were white settlersdoing to this food source?
Housing for these Indians was distinctive.
A distinct cultural trait of the PlainsIndians was their nomadic way of life.Why were they nomadic? Howwould being nomadic affect the sizeof their groups?
To thrive in their nomadic lifestyle, the Plains Indians relied on the horse as theirprimary mode of transportation. How did these people gain access to horses? Theybecame the most skilled horsemen in the world. Because horses were prized so highly,rival tribes would conduct daring and dangerous raids on each other to acquire morehorses.
NATIVE AMERICANS of the SOUTHWESTIdentify the present-day American states encompassing the area for this nativegroup.
Describe the physical environment for the Southwest Indians, including climate &topography.
Given their more inhospitable environment, these Indians enjoyed a surprisingly varieddiet. Identify the primary staple foods and describe any modifications that ensureda stable food source.
Like the other Native groups, thehousing of the Indians of theSouthwest was greatly affectedby the physical environment andthe needs of the people.
Describe the type of housing that would be commonly found in this region. Were thesehomes built to be more permanent?
And like the other Native groups, the environment provided the materials to makeeveryday items, such as the clay pottery made by the Southwest Indians.