CHAPTER TWO CULTURE, ENVIRONMENTS, & REGIONSCulture is an all-encompassing term that identifies not only the whole tangible life-styleof a people, but also their prevailing values and beliefs. Identify & explain the culturalareas that would be of interest to geographers.
In today’s global age, all cultures are becoming more diverse, …
… although some remain less diverse than others.
The U.S. enjoys one of the most diverse cultures in the world as a result of immigration,past ….
…. and present, especially from Latin American countries.
COMPONENTS of CULTURECulture is so complex that it is necessary to unravel its interconnected parts. These parts tie indirectly with geography’s emphasis on space. The first, and most fundamental of the components, is theculture trait – define this component and provide examples.
Every culture has tangible culture traits, including diet, fashion, language, laws, religion,and sports, among others.
The physical environment in which one lives is a major determinant of many economic andrecreational culture traits, from fishing and ice skating commonly found in certain partsof the U.S., ….
…. to the very distinctivecamel beauty contestsoccurring as standard farein Saudi Arabia.Why do you think theSaudis incorporate camelsinto their animal pageants,rather than using whatAmericans wouldincorporate, such as dogsand cats?
In many Muslim cultures of the Arabian peninsula, camel racing is to them what horse racing is to us.The desert environment makes it impractical to train & race horses. Camels are perfect.
A lack of space can create unique cultural traits, including “high-rise” cemeteries andcapsule hotels.
Closely related to a culture trait, is a culture complex. Describe this cultural componentand explain the example provided in the text. Provide at least one more example ofa culture complex.
The next building block component of culture is the culture system. Explain how thiscomponent fits together with a culture complex. Apply this component to the UnitedStates.
As patterns develop within culture systems, geographers can spatially organize cultureregions. Describe the characteristics of a culture region.
Cultural geographers have even demarcated culture regions within the U.S. based onprimary snack foods dominating certain regions.
On the map, geographic regions are established based on cultural properties, location(proximity), and environmental properties. An excellent example of this combination into ageographic region is the Middle East.