Ppt vsd – johann-peter porten


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Ppt vsd – johann-peter porten

  1. 1. SDC E+I Networkf2f Conference15.05.13 Thunby Johann-Peter PortenLooking for interfaces to enable farmers to make adequate business decisions for improving their livelihood
  2. 2. IntroductionWhile much has been discussed during recent years onstrengthening extension and advisory support to ruralcommunities less is known about how to build theneeded capacities within extension and advisoryservices.If we add to this supply side statement, the farmers andtheir family, the demand side, we could argue that little isdone to enable farmers to demand, digest and makeadequate business decisions.The „New Extensionist“: Roles, Strategies, and Capacities to strengthen Extension and Advisory Services. Global Forum for RuralAdvisory Services (GFRAS), November 2012
  3. 3. Shared Understanding of the conceptsof RAS, BE, VSDRural Advisory Service (RAS)Vocational Skills Development(VSD)Basic Education (BE)
  4. 4. Rural Advisory ServiceRural Advisory Services (RAS): This input uses the definitionof extension or rural advisory services articulated by GFRAS “asconsisting of all the different activities that provide informationand services needed and demanded by farmers and other actorsin rural settings to assist them in developing their own technical,organisational, and management skills and practices so as toimprove their livelihoods and well-being”[1]. It recognizes thediversities of actors in extension and advisory provision (public,private, civil society); much broadened support to ruralcommunities (beyond technology and information sharing)including advice related to farm, organisational and businessmanagement; and facilitation and brokerage in ruraldevelopment and value chains.[2][1] Christoplos, I. (2010) mobilizing the potential of rural and agricultural extension. FAO and GFRAS.[2] SDC, 2010. Guidelines for Basic Education and Vocational Skills Development.
  5. 5. Basic EducationBasic Education (BE): The role of BE, according to theinternational definition, is to meet the basic learning needs of anyperson – child, youth or adult. BE thus encompasses more thanjust primary schooling.• “..These needs comprise essential learning tools (such asliteracy, oral expression, numeracy and problem solving) and thebasic learning content (such as knowledge and skills, values andattitudes) required by human beings to be able to survive, todevelop their full capacities, to live and work in dignity, toparticipate fully in development, to improve the quality of theirlives, to make informed decisions, and to continue learning.” [1][1] World Declaration on Education for All: Meeting basic learning needs, Jomtien, Thailand, March 1990
  6. 6. Vocational Skills DevelopmentVocational Skills Development (VSD): The broad concept ofVSD encompasses all organised learning processes for thedevelopment of technical, social and personal competencies andqualifications that contribute to the sustainable long-termintegration of trained people in decent working conditions into theformal or informal economy, either on an employed or self-employed basis.The training of individuals with no solid Basic Education and/orfrom disadvantaged social groups must include strengthening keylearning skills (e.g. literacy) and different empowerment methods,particularly for girls. According to the concept of lifelong learning,VSD can take place at all educational levels and be acquiredthroughout economically active life.SDC Guidelines For Basic Education and Vocational Skills Development (SDC 2010)
  7. 7. RAS, BE, VSD, elements of an integrated AgriculturalKnowledge System
  8. 8. A missing puzzleBERASVSD?BE
  9. 9. Agricultural Extension and agriculturalEducationAgricultural extension and agricultural educationIn a broader interpretation, the purpose of agricultural extension (agriculturaleducation)[1] is to advance not alone production knowledge but the wholerange of agricultural development tasks, such as credit, supplies, marketingand markets (agricultural process development). In the broadestinterpretation, agricultural extension (agricultural education) provides non-formal agriculturally related continuing adult education for multiple audiences(farmers, spouses, youth, community, urban horticulturalists) and for variouspurposes (including agricultural development, community resourcedevelopment, group promotion and cooperative organizational development).Agricultural and Rural Extension Worldwide: Options for Institutional Reform in the Developing Countries, FAO Rome November 2001
  10. 10. Innovative Agricultural EducationThe challenge remains of how RAS and Education can complement, overlap or evenreplace each other, and how innovative agriculture education should look like (curricula,approaches) and how it will be included in both Basic Education and Vocational SkillsDevelopment in order to fulfil their mission: enabling farmers and their families tomake the right (business) decisions for improving their livelihoods.RASBEVSDAgricultural Education
  11. 11. Becoming reality or remaining wishful thinking ?+ =