The OpenSolaris Operating System and Sun xVM VirtualBox - Blake Deville

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  • 1. The OpenSolaris Operating System and Sun xVM VirtualBox Blake Deville
  • 2. Solaris
    • Since the early 1980s, Sun worked on the SunOS variant of UNIX.
    • In 1987, Sun and AT&T merged BSD, System V, and Xenix to create System V Release 4.
    • Releases ending at SunOS 4 were based off of BSD and later renamed to Solaris 1.
    • SunOS 5 was based off of SVR4 and referred to as Solaris 2.
    • After Solaris 2.6, the minor version replaced the major (The current Solaris 10 is SunOS 5.10).
  • 3. Solaris, cont'd.
    • Became very popular on Sparc systems.
    • SunOS 5 included the OpenWindows environment, and later included the Common Desktop Environment.
    • As of Solaris 10, the default desktop environment is the Java Desktop System.
    • Alternatives are supported, such as KDE, Gnome 2.0, and XFCE.
  • 4. OpenSolaris
    • Started as a fork of the Solaris 10 code.
    • First available on June 14, 2005.
    • Both binary and source availability, free of cost.
    • Gradually, more of the Solaris code will be available.
    • Starting with the current version of Solaris (Nevada), code will be used on OpenSolaris.
    • Also available as a weekly-updated developer release.
    • The only SVR4-based open-source UNIX.
  • 5. OpenSolaris, Cont'd.
    • The code for Dtrace was released first, followed by much of the Solaris code.
    • Some parts were still only available as binary.
    • Licensed under the Common Development and Distribution License.
    • The CDDL is OSI-approved and based off of the Mozilla Public License (MPL).
    • Because of MPL roots it is not compatible with the GPL.
  • 6. Project Indiana
    • One of the most significant releases of OpenSolaris.
    • Version 2008.05 (Released in May).
    • Ian Murdock of Debian fame was asked to head the project.
    • Brings several successes of Linux distributions to OpenSolaris.
    • Includes Gnome, GNU tools, and a network-based package manager.
  • 7. Project Indiana, Cont'd.
    • Functions as a live CD.
    • Contains the Grub bootloader.
    • X86(_64), PowerPC, and Sparc architectures supported.
    • Linux influences make OpenSolaris easier to pick up with hardly any learning curve.
    • http://www.opensolaris.org
  • 8. The Image Packaging System
    • Similar to Debian apt and FreeBSD ports.
    • Slight emphasis on setting up one's own repository.
    • Has the ability to send packages to a repository.
    • GUI (Package Manager) and command-line variants (pkg).
    • Not yet complete, and has some quirks.
    • Repositories based on “Authorities.”
  • 9. OpenSolaris Variants
    • Nexenta OS – OpenSolaris with Ubuntu influences
    • MilaX – Minimalist OpenSolaris distribution
    • SchilliX – First OpenSolaris live CD/distribution
    • OpenSolaris for System Z – port to IBM's System Z mainframe.
    • Belenix – Served as a basis for Project Indiana.
  • 10. Typical Installation
    • Boot the OpenSolaris live CD
    • Double-click the “Install OpenSolaris” icon on the desktop.
    • Select a partition.
    • Timezone, date, etc.
    • Default language
    • Set the root password (Optionally create a user)‏
    • Install and reboot.
  • 11. Sun xVM VirtualBox
    • Originally developed by Innotek, but now by Sun.
    • At first only free for personal/evaluational use, but later most of the source code was released under GPLv2.
    • Features seamless desktops, USB support (not in open-sourced version), audio, mounting an iso as a CD/DVD drive, and snapshots.
    • Runs most operating systems decently.
    • http://www.virtualbox.org
  • 12. Useful Links
    • http://www.opensolaris.org
    • http://www.opensolaris.com/get/index.html
    • https://www2.sun.de/dct/forms/reg_us_2307_228_0.jsp
    • http://www.virtualbox.org