Faq On Finland

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Slides for an approx. 45-50min presentation on Finnish prehistory, language and the genetics of the people, illustrating tribal migrations in the Palaeolithic.

Slides for an approx. 45-50min presentation on Finnish prehistory, language and the genetics of the people, illustrating tribal migrations in the Palaeolithic.

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  • 1. FAQ on Finland: Series of Lectures on the Finns, their language, history and culture Terhi Nurmikko, MSc, MPhil, BA (Hons) Archaeologist, language buff and aspiring web-nerd
  • 2. The Lectures
    • The Origin of the People and the Language
    • From Swedish Ostmark to Russian Grand Duchy
    • Russification and the Raise of the National Romantic Style in Art
    • Independence and the War of 1918
  • 3. The Origins of the People and the Language of Finland
  • 4. Lecture Content
    • Who are the Finns, exactly?
    • Genetics: mtDNA and N1c
    • Language
    • Oral Tradition
    • Archaeology in Finland
    • Conclusion
  • 5. So…Who are the Finns then?
    • Any native or Finnish-speaking inhabitant of Finland
    • The ethnic group historically associated with Finland or Fennoscandia
    • Can also be seen to include the Swedish-speaking population of Finland
    • And arguably some other smaller populations such as the Ingrian Finns of Russia.
  • 6. Finnish Genetics
    • mtDNA
    • Haplogroup N1c
  • 7. mtDNA Migration Pattern (X chromosome)
  • 8. K, U and U5
  • 9. Haplogroup N1c (N3) (Y chromosome) Subgroup of Haplogroup N, which is some 10 - 20,000 yrs old. N1c is rare in Europe, but prominent in Finland. This subgroup is about 12,000 -14,000 mmyrs old. Over 80% of Finnish genes come from a single North European population – most other Europeans are a mix of three or more groups.
  • 10. The Final Picture
  • 11. The Finnish Language
  • 12. Finno-Ugric Language Tree
  • 13. Finno-Ugric Languages on the Map
  • 14. Phonetic Similarities *jäŋe jég ij jiena jiekŋa, jieŋa jää jää ice *śilmä szem šinča čalme čalbmi, čalmmi silm silmä eye *kala hal kol kyeli guolli, guoli kala kala fish *mene- menni, megy mije- moonnađ mannat minna, min - mennä, men - go *sōne/*se̮ne ín 'sinew' šön suona suotna, suona soon suoni vein *süle/*sile öl šəl solla salla, sala süli syli lap Finno-Ugric reconstruction Hungarian Mari Inari Saami North Saami Estonian Finnish English
  • 15. Our Linguistic Cousins, the Saami The Saami flag Traditional Saami dress Amoc - Skorpiooni
  • 16. Oral Tradition 28 th February: The Day of Kalevala – An Official Day to Celebrate and Commemorate the National Epic consists of 22,795 verses, divided into 50 runo (lit. “poems”) probably dates to the Iron Age although some parts could be older collected as songs sung by people separated by vast geographic distances yet all songs are in the same metre, the archaic trochaic tetrameter aka “Kalevala metre” “ Sammon Puolustus” Gallen-Kallela, 1895
  • 17. Kalevala Vaka vanha V ä inäm ö inen itse tuon sanoiksi virkki: “ Näistäpä toki tulisi kalanluinen kanteloinen, Kun oisi osoajata; soiton luisen latijata.” Kun ei toista tulutkana, ei ollut osoajata Soiton luisen laatijata, vaka vanha Väinäm ö inen Itse loihe laatijaksi, tekijäksi tentelihe. Laati soiton hauinluisen, suoritti ilon ikuisen. Kust’ on koppa kanteletta? Hauis suuren leukaluusta Kust’ on naulat kanteletta? Ne on hauin hampahista Kusta kielet kanteletta? Hivuksista Hiien ruunan. Jo oli soitto suorittuna, valmihina kanteloinen Soitto suuri hauinluinen, kantelo kalanevainen. Tuli tuohon nuoret miehet, tuli nainehet urohot, Tuli pojat puol’ikäset sekä pienet piikalapset, Tyt ö t nuoret, vaimot vanhat, naiset keskinkertaisetki Kateletta katsomahan, soittoa tähyämähän “ V äinämöisen Soitto” Ekman 1866
  • 18. Archaeology in Finland
    • Stone Age
    • Bronze Age
    • Iron Age
    • Arrival of Christianity
  • 19. The Stone Age: Myriad of Cultures Comb-ceramic Culture Suomusj ärvi Culture BC to AD
  • 20. Rock Paintings Kirkkonummi, Finland
  • 21. Cave Paintings Moose/Elk Boats Shamans (?) Hands Geometric designs Anthropomorphic figure
  • 22. Rock Paintings There are some 80 sites of rock-paintings in Finland. First official sighting was made by composer Jean Sibelius in 1911. Most of them are located in eastern Finland, located along the waterways of lake Saimaa and Kymi river.
  • 23. Moving along the Waterways “ Ruuhi”, a boat carved from a single tree trunk. Saarij ärvi Museum.
  • 24. Bronze Age Burials The largest Bronze Age burial mound in Northern Europe. Kauniainen, near Helsinki.
  • 25. Bronze Age burial mound or “hiidenkiuas” in Rauma, Finland.
  • 26. Iron Age Brooch from Vesilahti, Pirkanmaa. Finest example of working with gold. This example is from Nausiainen, Finland.
  • 27. Arrival of Christianity “ V äinämöisen Lähtö” Gallen-Kalela, 1895
  • 28. Concluding Words
  • 29. Any Questions?