NATURE OF SOCIAL WELFARE & SCOPE
OF ADMINISTARTION IN NONGOVERNMENT ORGANISATION
The word has been derived from a Latin word ‘ad’ &
‘ministrate’ which means to serve or looking after the
Social Administration as “the study of development,
structure and practices of social services”.- D.V. Donnison
SOCIAL WELFARE ADMINISTRATION
“Social welfare administration is a process of efficiently
providing resources and service to meet the needs of
individuals, groups & communities to facilitate social
relationship and adjustment necessary to social
NATURE OF SOCIAL WELFARE
1. Social Welfare Administration as an Art
a) It can be acquired
b) It is subjective in nature
c) Practical application of knowledge
2. Social Welfare Administration as a Science
a) Application of Scientific Method
b) Critical Examination
c) Universal Guidelines
To understand the organisational and
administrative structure of social welfare
programme at each and every level of
To provide effective social welfare services to the
needy and suffering.
To be cognizant of the importance of public
relations with regard to both their own agency
and its services, and the community as a whole.
To conduct research and evaluation studies on
the on-going projects and about the different
dimensions of existing social problems.
SCOPE OF SOCIAL WELFARE ADMINISTRATION
There are broadly two views about the scope of
social welfare administration. These are:
1. The POSDCoRB view
2. The Integral view
There are certain contents of welfare
administration in concern with social welfare.
a) Social Problems
b) Social Services
c) Social Security
d) Social Policy
Definition - NGO
NGO’S are legally constituted corporations
created by natural or legal people that
operate independently from any form
of government. The term originated from
the United Nations, and normally refers to
organizations that are not a part of a
government and are not conventional forprofit businesses.
TYPES OF NON GOVERMENTAL
level of orientation:
Often involves a top-down paternalistic
effort with little participation by the "beneficiaries".
It includes NGOs with activities directed toward
meeting the needs of the poor.
Includes NGOs with activities such as the
provision of health, family planning or education
services in which the programme is designed by the
NGO and people are expected to participate in its
implementation and in receiving the service.
level of cooperation:
(CBOs) arise out of people's own initiatives. They
can be responsible for raising the consciousness of the
urban poor, helping them to understand their rights in
accessing needed services, and providing such services.
include organizations such as chambers of
commerce and industry, coalitions of business, ethnic or
educational groups, and associations of community