Social disorganization

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Social disorganization

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Social disorganization

  1. 1. SOCIAL DISORGANIZATION
  2. 2.   Emile Durkheim considers social disorganization as a state of disequilibrium and a lack of social solidarity or consensus among the members of a society Ogburn and Nimkoff said that when the harmonious relationship between the various parts of culture is disturbed, social disorganization ensues.
  3. 3.   Social disorganization implies some breakdown in the organization of society. Social organization and social disorganization is the dual aspects of the whole functioning of society.
  4. 4.  The earliest approach to the study of social disorganization is that of the social problems. The problems were discussed without any particular sociological frame of reference both the facts and suggested reform programmes being taken from the fields in which the problems were found.
  5. 5.  The second approach to the study of social disorganization is the bio-pyschological.It is the result of the development of the sciences; biology and psychology.
  6. 6.  The third approach is geographical. Geographical factors such as land, water, rainfall, climate and soil decide the superiority of a given culture or the backwardness of people. The forms of social disorganization which are explained in terms of geographical factors are crime, cultural retardation, illiteracy, suicide, divorce and insanity.
  7. 7.  The fourth approach to the study of social disorganization is cultural because it explains social problems in terms of cultural processes. Thus the different forms of social-organization show institutional malfunctioning.
  8. 8.  The fifth approach is the cultural lag frame of reference. The term cultural lag explained by Ogburn is based upon the distinction between material and non-material culture
  9. 9.    The goal of socialization is to get youth to learn, accept, and live by conventional norms In what ways do “good” neighborhoods enhance the socialization of youth? In what ways do “bad” neighborhoods undermine the socialization of youth?
  10. 10.    Sparse local networks, weak social ties Low organizational participation Lack of cohesion and trust among neighbors
  11. 11.    Inability to solve problems and pursue goals Parents less able to socialize and control youth Breakdown in surveillance

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