Emile Durkheim considers social
disorganization as a state of disequilibrium and
a lack of social solidarity or consensus among
the members of a society
Ogburn and Nimkoff said that when the
harmonious relationship between the various
parts of culture is disturbed, social
Social disorganization implies some
breakdown in the organization of society.
Social organization and social disorganization
is the dual aspects of the whole functioning of
The earliest approach to the study of social
disorganization is that of the social problems.
The problems were discussed without any
particular sociological frame of reference both
the facts and suggested reform programmes
being taken from the fields in which the
problems were found.
The second approach to the study of social
disorganization is the bio-pyschological.It is the
result of the development of the sciences;
biology and psychology.
The third approach is geographical.
Geographical factors such as land, water,
rainfall, climate and soil decide the superiority
of a given culture or the backwardness of
people. The forms of social disorganization
which are explained in terms of geographical
factors are crime, cultural retardation, illiteracy,
suicide, divorce and insanity.
The fourth approach to the study of social
disorganization is cultural because it explains
social problems in terms of cultural processes.
Thus the different forms of social-organization
show institutional malfunctioning.
The fifth approach is the cultural lag frame of
reference. The term cultural lag explained by
Ogburn is based upon the distinction between
material and non-material culture
The goal of socialization is to get youth to
learn, accept, and live by conventional norms
In what ways do “good” neighborhoods
enhance the socialization of youth?
In what ways do “bad” neighborhoods
undermine the socialization of youth?
Sparse local networks, weak social ties
Low organizational participation
Lack of cohesion and trust among neighbors
Inability to solve problems and pursue goals
Parents less able to socialize and control youth
Breakdown in surveillance