Fernando Sancho Caparrini
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Fernando Sancho Caparrini

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The use of Topic Maps could be extended to most of the research fields that work with information and in which the semantics is a main component. This paper presents the implementation of this tool ...

The use of Topic Maps could be extended to most of the research fields that work with information and in which the semantics is a main component. This paper presents the implementation of this tool for Philological analysis, applied to the example of theatrical productions. Throughout the paper we can see the use of the Topic Map concepts within the construction of each element (schema, populating, layers, etc.). This being the first approach to this matter applied in humanities, it is relevant the achievements related to the semantic of the texts, which is not only maintained, but it is essential for this subject of study. The results of these procedures can be measured in a quantitative level, but also, and more significant in a mix between philological approaches and semantic studies. This is all because of the internal construction of the Topic Map and the different visualizations created from it.

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Fernando Sancho Caparrini Presentation Transcript

  • 1. TopicMapsfor
    Philologicalanalysis
    TMRA 2009
    Miriam Peña Pimentel (U. of Western Ontario)
    Juan Luis Suárez (U. of Western Ontario)
    Fernando Sancho Caparrini (U. of Seville)
    TheHispanicBaroque Project
  • 2. Overview
    • Work Context
    • 3. Topic Map Creation: Schema & Population
    • 4. Analysis & Results
    • 5. New Measurements
    • 6. Other Visualizations
    • 7. Conclusions and future work
  • Global context:
    The Hispanic Baroque Project
    • Mapping of Baroque:
    • 8. Methodology for Mapping Culture.
    • 9. Tools:
    • 10. Comparison tools.
    • 11. Description tools.
    • 12. Semantic annotation of Cultural Objects:
    • 13. Art, Text, History, Music...
  • Inf. Retrieval
    Analysis
    Documents
    Visualization
    Statistical
    Networks
    Scheme
    MAthematical
    Philological
    TopicMap
    TimeLines
  • 14. fromTopicMaps …
    • Model of knowledge representation.
    • 15. Semantic linking between data, concepts and sources.
    • 16. Schema layer vs. Data layers: different levels of abstraction.
    • 17. “Layers as independent TMs” takes us to “independence of interpretation”.
  • calderón de la barca
    Calderón (Spain, 1600-1681).
    Writer for the King and the Church.
    Representative playwright of the Baroque.
    Casa con dos puertas
    (A House with two Doors)
    El sitio de Bredá
    (The Siege of Breda)
    El príncipeconstante
    (The Constant Prince)
    1640
  • 18. Theplays
    Casa con dos puertas (H2D)
    Love story
    Family Honor / Trick
    El sitio de Bredá (SB)
    Historic drama
    [Calderon’s contemporary Event]
    El príncipeconstante (CP)
    Didactic drama
    Honor & Religion
  • 19. InitialTopicMapSchema
    Mainitems in ourTopicMap:
    • Characters
    • 20. Places
    • 21. Objects
    • 22. Feelings
    • 23. Actions
    • 24. …
  • PopulatingtheTopicMap
    • From the plays (interpretation):
    Ocurrence
    Señor don Luis, ya sabéis
    que estimo vuestras finezas,
    supuesto que lo merecen
    por amorosas y vuestras;
    pero no puedo pagarlas,
    que eso han de hacer las estrellas
    y no hay de lo que no hacen
    quien las tome residencia;
    si lo que menos se halla
    es hoy lo que más se precia
    en la Corte, agradeced
    el desengaño, si quiera,
    por ser cosa que se halla
    con dificultad en ella:
    quedad con Dios.
    (La Dama Duende, Jornada 1, Versos: 278-292)
    Context: Play
    Don Luis
    aprecio / esteem
    mostrar / to show
    hablar de / totalkabout
    Doña Beatriz
    rechazar / toreject
    hablar de / totalkabout
    desengaño / unhappyloveaffair
    corte / court
  • 25. PopulatingtheTopicMap
    • From “external” sources (they provide new contexts):
    • 26. Geography: Ocaña is in Spain
    • 27. History: “La rendición de Bredá” was in 1625
    • 28. Mythology: Zeus is from Greek Mythology
    • 29. …
    • 30. Academic annotations (more contexts)
  • ResultsfromTopicMaps
    TopicMap
    Networks
  • 31. Play 1: H2D
    “Casa con dos puertas”
    Characters:
    Lisardo
    Marcela
    Don Félix
    Laura
    Topics:
    Honor
    Trick
    Jealousy
    Ocaña (Place)
  • 32. Some results from THE analysis
  • 33. Play 2: SB
    “El sitio de bredá”
    Characters:
    Marqués Espínola
    Alonso Ladrón
    C. Enrique de Vergas
    Justino de Nasau
    Topics:
    Honor
    Courage
    Strategy
    Surrender
  • 34. Play 3: CP
    “el principeconstante”
    Characters:
    Don Fernando
    Muley
    Moorish King
    Don Enrique
    Topics:
    Honor
    Benevolence
    Death
    Ceuta(Place)
  • 35. Play 1
    auxiliarTMs
    Final TM
    +
    =
    Play 2
    +
    Play 3
    +
    Schema
    +
  • 36. Final TopicMap
    Topics:
    Honor
    Spain
    Courage
    Strategy
    War
    Surrender
    Jealousy
  • 37. Basic Analysis
  • 38. Extracting new semantic connections:
    • New measurements: Co-occurrence
    A and B are co-occurring in a fragment F (A co-ocF B) if there exist some associations as1, as2 and some topics C and D where A as1 C, and B as2 D in F.
    Co-occurring grade of A and B:
     
    Groc(A,B) = card{F: A co-ocF B}
    Interpretation:
    If two topics occur in semantic relations in the same fragments of the text a high number of times, they “must” have a semantic relation (at least, subjectively for the author), and has a high philological value for subsequent analysis.
  • 39.
    • Computing Co-occurrence in one play.
  • OtherVisualizations:
    TopicMap
    Timelines
  • 40. H2D
    TimelineVisualizationusingsimile:
  • 41. Conclusions
    • TMs provide a comfortable tool to organize complex cultural information and generate the first levels of analysis.
    • 42. Topic Maps (semantic) vs. Text Mining (syntax).
    • 43. Representationsshow different approaches to analysis and allow different interpretations of the data.
  • Work in progress
    Topic Maps, visualizations and analysis of all Calderón’s comedies.
    Extend this methodology to other cultural manifestations, cultural epochs and cultural objects such as:
    Artwork, Music, Literature
    Development of a tool that incorporates the different steps necessaries for this methodology.
    Extraction of new semantic connections.
    Development of measures allowing the comparison between TMs (reflecting what we will understand as “distance” between cultural objects).
  • 44. Tools:
    Data Base Manager: FileMaker
    TopicMap Manager: Wandora
    GraphVisualizer: yEd
    TimeLines: SimileTimeline
    Multi-AgentSystem:NetLogo
    Thankyou!
    http://www.hispanicbaroque.ca/ (SSHRC)