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Election Campaign Japan Us

Election Campaign Japan Us






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    Election Campaign Japan Us Election Campaign Japan Us Presentation Transcript

    • Election Campaign - as a Cultural Event
    • Outline
      • Basic Information Japanese politics/ US politics
      • Hypothesis – Our Purpose
      • The comparison between US and Japan - the party’s platform (the policy) - politician’s public appearances
      • The conclusion
    • Japan’s basic data
      • Leader of the country is the prime minister
      • Voter can NOT choose him/her directly
      • We choose member of house by election, house majority party chooses PM
      • 2 parties / LDP & DPJ …based on the same party …has still similar policy
    • The US’s basic data
      • Leader of the country is President.
      • We CAN choose him/her directly.
      • 2 parties Republican & Democrat …has quite difference policy
      • 2 house Senate & House of Representatives
    • Japanese and US Voter Affiliation Public opinion poll in telephone (August 1 st &2 nd , 2009) by Kyodo News Service ( 共同通信)
    • US - Two parties system
      • Republican
      Democrats Small gov. Big gov Conservative Liberal
    • Our Hypoth esis
      • Japan Election campaign reflected by group consciousness
      • USA
      • Election campaign reflects individualism
      • Case I: The Platform (“ Manifesto” )
      • United States vs. Japan
    • USA’s “platform” (2008) Show the individualism Obama (Democrat) McCain (Republic) Strong border regulation Immigration Strong border regulation Immediately begin troop withdrawal . War in Iraq Opposes timetable for withdrawal . Pro-choice Abortion Pro-Life Cut for the middle class Taxes Cut for upper class Promote National Insurance Plan; thanks to Government support Health Care Promote lower costs; thanks to market mechanism
    • “ Manifesto” Japan Lower House Election (August 30th, 2009) LDP DPJ Grant aid (3-5 years old) Children Children aid (-12 years old) about 250 $ /per month 2% growth in 2010 latter support small business by the gov support Economy Support small business by gov subsidy Rasing house income 10 thousand $/ year by the gov policy Wages Minimum Wages 10 $/ hour by the law
    • “ Manifesto” Japan Lower House Election (August 30th, 2009) “ Amakudari” ( 天下り) = government employee leave to go work in the private sector. Show the group consciousness in Japan LDP DPJ Up increase tax (after recovery) prohibit “Amakudari” Financial Prohibit “Amakudari”
    • How politicians express themselves in public?
      • Case II: How To express themselves
      • United States vs. Japan
      The way to Speak…
    • American TV
    • Street Speeches ( 街頭演説)
      • Street Speech is the traditional way in Japan
      • The usually activities in the district for politicians
      • Especially, a lot of street speeches
    • What do you think?
      • Both movies are like a “twin”
      • Policy: Little difference
      • Speech Manner: Very serious
      • (strict face, policy-centered) -- the symbol of “Group Consciousness”
      The US Election
    • What is debate? – with subscript
      • McCain: That, to me, was so hurtful. Obama: Less interested in our hurt feelings... than addressing the issues…
      • McCain: you didn't repudiate those remarks. Obama: And 100 percent, John, of your ads 100 percent of [McCain's Ads] have been negative ...
      • Negative Campaign >> Policy
      • How to control the images - in order to get better positions than others
      • The choosing of the WORDS - use criticized, negative phrases
    • Conclusion
      • Difference of Culture -> Difference of Election Campaign
      • “ Group Consciousness”
      • “ Individualism”
      Japan United States Party’s Platform Just the same Very different Politican’s public appearnces Look seriously Look personality
    • Main Reference
      • <Japanese> Kamashima - Media and Politics (2007) , Yuhikaku Watanabe - Obama and US (2008) , Gentosha
      • and a lot of more in the activities in Japan…
      • <English> http://www.bostonherald.com/news/national/politics/2008/bios/view.bg?articleid=1063110 http://www.bostonherald.com/news/national/politics/2008/bios/view.bg?articleid=1063099 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:U.S._party_affiliation.png http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/10/16/politics/2008debates/main4525254.shtml and we check a lot of website and books in the activities in William and Mary!!