The Little Ice AgePATRICIA FONSECA FEBRUARY 2, 2012HISTORY OF THE AMERICAS SINCE 1800HISTORY 141 COURSE #31136PROFESSOR ARGUELLO
The little Ice Age• The Little Ice Age raged from the 14th-19th centuries.• It was a period of cooling temperatures that brought unpredictable climate shifts.• New England experienced two feet of snow in June and July.• New York Harbor froze over.• Eskimos were able to sail to Scotland.• Birds would fall to the Earth as they died from the cold temperatures.• People froze to death at the beginning of September.
The Little Ice Age• The Little Ice Age came after the Dark Ages.• After the Dark Ages had ended, people were starting to experience a period of prosperity.• Sustainable life greatly depended on crops.• Europe greatly depended on cereal crops but in this changing climate they were decimated.• This greatly devastated peasants.• It’s estimated that certain areas were experienced up to 1.5 million related deaths.
The Little Ice Age• Vikings had settled in Greenland during warmer climates and vegetation was good.• The cooler climate ruined vegetation and the animals that were food sources suffered.• The supplies that were shipped from England were cut off as the water froze.• The Inuit were skilled fisherman and crafted tools to be able to fish through the frozen water to survive.• The Vikings of Greenland died off.
The Little Ice Age• Before the Little Ice Age, disease had been dying down and populations were increasing. As the weather turned colder, famine and disease raged.• In Europe, 5 years of continuous rain eroded crops.• The bubonic plague decreased the population by 1/3.• France alone experienced 111 famines.• In Russia, 500,000 people starved to death.• Ireland was further devastated by the 5 years of the potato famine.• Crime increased as people formed riots in the streets and raided food carts. People looted and vandalized towns. Ships were seized for food.• People were hysterical and with hunts ensued.
Works CitedS.C., Porter. “Little Ice Age” Wikipedia.org. 27 January 2012.“Little Ice Age: Big Chill.” HistoryChannel.com. A&E Television Network, 2005. Film.