Patricia FonsecaHistory 140 online class #71183Theme 1: Big History slideshow
Big History• Big History covers the wide span of time starting from the Big Bang until the present time.• It encompasses how everything surrounding us, including cosmic events and the environment, plays a part in shaping what our society has evolved into.• Big History uses a mixture of the different sciences such as astronomy, geology and biology along with history to gain knowledge of our universe and it’s past and is based on collective learning. With all of these sources integrated, a better understanding of Big History is gained.• Big History includes huge spans in scales that range from units of time (the Big Bang to the present) to individual objects (whole galaxies to tiny atoms).
The Day the Universe Changed• As a society, we evolve and change as our understanding of things changes.• Some societies prefer to avoid any growth. • Asking questions leads to various advances in knowledge, technology, etc. • We employ institutions to monitor the amount of growth we experience.
The Journey of Man• Evolution, including biological evolution, is our history.• Genetics, blood in particular, is what links us to our past.• Genetic evidence mixed with archaeological evidence has allowed scientists to follow the migration of man to expand our knowledge of our ancestral history.• A marker inherited by a single man has proven the migration of man where archeological evidence was not found.
The Journey of Man• Genetic sampling within communities can lead archeologists in the right direction to pick up the lead of the migration of man.• Geological evidence provides the historical evidence of how past societies lived.• Before history was written down and preserved, societies would preserve their past through verbal communication to the younger generations who in turn would pass down the information to the next generation.• Combining all of the available evidence gives a more complete picture of our ancestral past.
Catastrophe!• Catastrophes change the course of our lives in a single instance.• Climatic events, disease, war and famines can wipe out the whole of civilization. They bring bizarre weather, turbulent skies, frost, blending of seasons, droughts in some areas and floods in others.• Mr. Keys researched various environmental catastrophes. He employs climatologists, astronomers, physicists, and historians to piece together how these events changed different civilizations.• These events have even changed the shape of our land masses.• Learning about Earth’s past has given us the information to piece together patterns Earth experiences.• Every thousand years Earth experiences a massive climate downturn. By learning our history’s patterns we can predict certain events.
Catastrophe!• Mr. Keys learned that outbreaks of the plague were caused by climate changes.• Cooling conditions and rain increase the likelihood of the plague.• As infection spreads and the disease starts wreaking havoc, people started roaming in search of food and water, carrying the disease with them into different civilizations.• In turn, this is how the plague leads to massive deaths, chaos, pandemonium, military vitality suffered, economies suffered, and farming suffered.
Guns, Germs, and Steel• A civilization’s environment plays an integral part of that society’s success. The geography, the shape of the continents, the crops, and the animals that shaped a society’s way of life.• The available plants and fruits to eat, as well as, the available livestock will determine the extent of growth.• A civilization’s growth is limited by it’s local resources. Farming, for example, is limited to the animals that are available and can thrive with the local resources without exploiting the lands.
Guns, Germs, and Steel• The ability to maintain livestock that could provide food, milk, wool, leather, manure, and muscle power can transform an entire civilization.• This lead to farming increases which allowed the society to feed more people but also the ability to travel farther and faster to protect their lands and conquer others.• Places that are isolated do not have the benefit of innovation of other areas.• As foreign invaders moved into isolated areas bringing disease, guns, and technology that had never been seen before, native populations were decimated.
The World & Trade• As traveling became more frequent, societies were exposed to rare and new items.• Explorers started traveling to distant places and bringing back silks and spices from foreign countries that soon became extremely valuable.• Columbus realized he could make much more in profits if he cut out the middle man merchant and directly traded with China himself.
The World & Trade• Certain spices that provided effects, such as caffeine, were more valuable than others and were used in times of war and during religious practices.• Some of the spices were so rare that they were able to be used as money to pay off debts.• Certain spices were not plentiful and took a long time to grow, harvest, pack up, and haul to distant destinations further increasing inflation.• In the case of the potato, their ability to thrive in cold conditions and their refrain from spoiling during storage made them a desired commodity during times of war and famine.
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