A Brief Introduction to Coiled Tubing What is it? What do we do with it? Li Gao,  PhD Research Department Halliburton
Outline <ul><li>Halliburton Company </li></ul><ul><li>Coiled Tubing history </li></ul><ul><li>What is it? Equipment </li><...
<ul><li>Funded in 1919 </li></ul><ul><li>Offers the world's broadest array of products, services and integrated solutions ...
CTAT Time Line Coiled Tubing History:  Military Origin <ul><li>D-Day, Pluto Project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>P ipe  L ine  U ...
Coiled Tubing History:  Military Origin <ul><li>Submarines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antenna Deployment System </li></ul></ul>...
1st Coiled Tubing Work in the Oilfield <ul><li>California Oil Company, 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>Bowen Oil Tool fabricated re...
Coiled Tubing Unit Tubing Injector Tubing Guide Reel Control House Well  Control  Equip. Crane Power Pack Stripper
Tubing <ul><li>Steel pipe 1” OD to 3.5” OD </li></ul><ul><li>Yield strengths of 70,000, 80,000, 90,000, 100,000 psi </li><...
<ul><li>Hydraulically powered counter rotating chains </li></ul><ul><li>Gripper blocks mounted in chain assembly </li></ul...
<ul><li>Guides tubing into injector </li></ul><ul><li>Large radius for best tubing life </li></ul>Tubing Guide (Guide Arch)
<ul><li>Used to store tubing </li></ul><ul><li>Large radius for best tubing life </li></ul><ul><li>Level wind assembly to ...
<ul><li>Operator station for unit control </li></ul><ul><li>Typically mounted behind reel </li></ul>Control House
Coiled Tubing: What do we do with it? <ul><li>Uncoiled into live oil and gas wells to perform maintenance operations </li>...
CT Applications <ul><li>For vertical, horizontal and deviated wells, both on land and offshore: </li></ul><ul><li>Drilling...
A Comparison between … <ul><li>Sand, hydrates, etc. deposits </li></ul><ul><li>Cholesterol plaque built up </li></ul><ul><...
Just Need to Shrink the Whole Coiled Tubing System… <ul><li>Call Prof. Wayne Szalinski </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor of the i...
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A Brief Introduction to Coiled Tubing: What is it? What to do with it?, pumpsandpipesmdhc

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A Brief Introduction to Coiled Tubing: What is it? What to do with it?, pumpsandpipesmdhc

  1. 1. A Brief Introduction to Coiled Tubing What is it? What do we do with it? Li Gao, PhD Research Department Halliburton
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Halliburton Company </li></ul><ul><li>Coiled Tubing history </li></ul><ul><li>What is it? Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>What do we do with it? Applications </li></ul><ul><li>PE vs. MD </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Funded in 1919 </li></ul><ul><li>Offers the world's broadest array of products, services and integrated solutions for oil and gas exploration, development and production. </li></ul><ul><li>$35B market cap, $22B revenue in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Employs 100,000 people in more than 120 countries </li></ul>Halliburton Company
  4. 4. CTAT Time Line Coiled Tubing History: Military Origin <ul><li>D-Day, Pluto Project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>P ipe L ine U nder T he O cean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British engineers developed long, continuous pipeline to supply Allied forces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twenty-three 3” pipelines across the English channel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30 to 70 miles long </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fabricated from 4000’ sections, Butt welded together </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Coiled Tubing History: Military Origin <ul><li>Submarines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antenna Deployment System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Developed by Bowen Tool </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deployed 5/8” polyethylene antenna to surface from submerged submarine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Packer device to seal around antenna </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolved into Coiled Tubing Injector Head </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. 1st Coiled Tubing Work in the Oilfield <ul><li>California Oil Company, 1962 </li></ul><ul><li>Bowen Oil Tool fabricated reel and equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reel: 1.315” O.D. Pipe, 50’ sections butt welded, 15000’ total length </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used for washing out sand bridges on oil and gas wells </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Coiled Tubing Unit Tubing Injector Tubing Guide Reel Control House Well Control Equip. Crane Power Pack Stripper
  8. 8. Tubing <ul><li>Steel pipe 1” OD to 3.5” OD </li></ul><ul><li>Yield strengths of 70,000, 80,000, 90,000, 100,000 psi </li></ul><ul><li>Relatively thin wall </li></ul><ul><li>Finite life due to fatigue cycles (bending) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Hydraulically powered counter rotating chains </li></ul><ul><li>Gripper blocks mounted in chain assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Injector designation based on maximum pull capability, e.g 30K can pull 30,000 pounds </li></ul>Injector
  10. 10. <ul><li>Guides tubing into injector </li></ul><ul><li>Large radius for best tubing life </li></ul>Tubing Guide (Guide Arch)
  11. 11. <ul><li>Used to store tubing </li></ul><ul><li>Large radius for best tubing life </li></ul><ul><li>Level wind assembly to wrap tubing on and off reel </li></ul>Reel
  12. 12. <ul><li>Operator station for unit control </li></ul><ul><li>Typically mounted behind reel </li></ul>Control House
  13. 13. Coiled Tubing: What do we do with it? <ul><li>Uncoiled into live oil and gas wells to perform maintenance operations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>placement of chemicals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cleaning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>manipulation of mechanical tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>milling / drilling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>logging / perforating </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. CT Applications <ul><li>For vertical, horizontal and deviated wells, both on land and offshore: </li></ul><ul><li>Drilling </li></ul><ul><li>Logging </li></ul><ul><li>Perforating </li></ul><ul><li>Stimulation </li></ul><ul><li>Fluid displacement </li></ul><ul><li>Sand control </li></ul><ul><li>CT conveyed perforating </li></ul><ul><li>Wellbore cleanout </li></ul><ul><li>Remedial cementing </li></ul><ul><li>Setting and retrieving bridge plugs </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent installations </li></ul><ul><li>Running packers </li></ul><ul><li>CT as flowline </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of wax, hydrocarbon or hydrate plugs </li></ul><ul><li>Flow control of horizontal and deviated completions </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing </li></ul>
  15. 15. A Comparison between … <ul><li>Sand, hydrates, etc. deposits </li></ul><ul><li>Cholesterol plaque built up </li></ul><ul><li>Well intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) </li></ul>PE’s world MD’s world <ul><li>Well intervention engineer using Coiled Tubing </li></ul>GoFlo® Flow Remediation Service <ul><li>Stenotic coronary arteries </li></ul><ul><li>Clogged/blocked wellbore/pipeline </li></ul><ul><li>Interventional Cardiologist </li></ul>Laser Angioplasty
  16. 16. Just Need to Shrink the Whole Coiled Tubing System… <ul><li>Call Prof. Wayne Szalinski </li></ul><ul><li>Inventor of the incredibly powerful Shrinking Machine </li></ul>
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