28-2 Powerpoint
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

28-2 Powerpoint

on

  • 2,539 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
2,539
Views on SlideShare
2,539
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
44
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • Tokugawa Yoshinobu

28-2 Powerpoint 28-2 Powerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • 28-2 Japan Modernizes
  • Tokugawa Shogunate
    1603-1868
    Characterized by isolation
    Japan closed off to all trade (except Dutch and Chinese)
    Centralized feudalism: strong central government
  • Feudalism
    A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service.Japan:
    Shogun
    Land - Shoen
    Loyalty
    Daimyo
    Daimyo
    Land - Shoen
    Loyalty
    Samurai
    Samurai
    Samurai
    Food
    Protection
    Peasant
    Peasant
    Peasant
    Peasant
  • The emperor reigned, but did not always rule!
    Feudal Society
  • Social Structure
    Shogun: chief general who ran country
    Damiyo: great landowners
    Samurai: warrior knights
  • Samurai
  • Japan ends its isolation
  • Facing the Demand for Foreign Trade
    Europeans and U.S. start to demand that Japan open up to foreign trade. Japan initially refuses
  • Commodore Matthew Perry
    1853: Perry sails 4 steamships to harbor at Edo (Tokyo) with letter from President Millard Fillmore
    Letter – asks Japan to allow U.S. ships to refuel
  • Treaty of Kanagawa
    1854: Japan opens up 2 ports to U.S. ships
    Why does Japan sign the Treaty of Kanagawa?
    Significance?
    Opens up door for other Western powers
  • Japan learns a lesson from the Chinese
    The Chinesehave become servants to the foreigners. Sovereignty may belong to China but in fact it's no more than a colony of Great Britain and France.
    Japanese diary entry, 1862
  • Remember China, the Opium Wars, etc???
    Opium Wars – extraterritorial rights, etc.
    Open Door Policy
    Spheres of influence
    Japan is convinced that it has to open up to the west
  • The Shogunate is Overthrown!
    Japanese angry at shogun for agreeing to Kanagawa…losing control of country??
  • Emperor Mutsuhito Restored to Power
  • Meiji Restoration
    Meiji = Enlightened
    Look to west and adopt their ways
  • Newspaper Cartoon, 1870s
    Enlightened Half-Enlightened Un-Enlightened
  • Modernization by “Selective Borrowing”
    • Popular board game.
    • Start by leaving Japan & studying in various Western capitals.
    • End by returning to Japan and becoming a prominent government official.
  • EuropeanGoods
    • Europe began to “loom large” in the thinking of many Japanese.
    • New slogan:Japanese Spirit; Western Technology!
  • The Japanese Became Obsessedwith Western Styles
    Civilization and Enlightenment!
  • LandRedistribution
    Public Education
    (U.S.)
    Abolitionof the feudal system
    ModernBankingSystem
    Modernize the Army(Prussian)
    MeijiReforms
    WrittenConstitution(Germans)
    Build aModern Navy(British)
    Human Rights & ReligiousFreedom
    EmperorWorshipIntensified
  • What’s the big idea????
    Japan modernizes!!! Accepts western ideals…including
    IMPERIALISM
  • Japanese imperialism grows
  • Japanese Imperialism
    Military power by 1890. strongest military in Asia
    Eliminates extraterritorial rights of foreigners…promises fair treatment
    Empire-building to met security and economic needs
  • Japan Attacks ChinaSino-Japanese War 1894-1895
    Fight over Korea
    China is expected to win…
    Japan wins. Signal of Japanese success
    Get Taiwan and Pescadore Islands
  • Russo-Japanese War1904-1905
    War over Manchuria
    Japan wants Russia to stay out of Korea…
    1904: surprise attack on Russia
    Japan wins… shocking to the entire world!
  • President Teddy Roosevelt Mediates the Peace
    The Treaty of Portsmouth, NH ended the Russo-Japanese War.
  • Treaty of Portsmouth
    Japan gets captured territories
    Russia stays out of Manchuria and Korea
  • Japan Annexes Korea
  • Korea under Japanese occupation
    Annexation: Adding a region to the territory of an already existing political unit.
    Japan annexes Korea in 1910
    Rule?
    Harsh
    Control education, newspaper, prohibit public protest
    Land taken from farmers and given to settlers
    Modernize Korea
  • Next Steps…
    Modernization / Imperialism steps – could Japan have become an imperialized power if it had not modernized? Why or why not?
    Why does Japan become aggressive imperialist power?
    Compare / contrast Chinese and Japanese imperialism – responses, outcomes, etc.