Online Search Strategies Child Dev 105 Jones

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This slideshow will introduce you to online search tips for Child Development research and how to format an APA citation.

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Online Search Strategies Child Dev 105 Jones

  1. 1. Search Strategies Child Development 105
  2. 2. Use good KEYWORDS!
  3. 3. When Selecting KEYWORDS… <ul><li>Avoid common words, articles, or prepositions </li></ul><ul><li>(aka “ stop words ”) </li></ul>STOP WORDS a about an are as at be by from how in is it of on that the this to we what when where which with
  4. 4. <ul><li>In addition to omitting stop words, also get rid of any “value” words (like importance, good, negative, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>How important is parent participation in </li></ul><ul><li>early childhood development? </li></ul><ul><li>You want to see all sides of an issue—not just the good or bad! </li></ul>
  5. 5. When selecting KEYWORDS… <ul><li>Be specific: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ preschool education ” and not just the word “ education ” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use correct spellling. (j/k: spelling) </li></ul><ul><li>If the topic is too broad, use the narrowest concept(s) first: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning theory (too broad) can be reduced to “ constructivism ” or “ Piaget ” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. When selecting KEYWORDS… <ul><li>Use Boolean operators (AND/OR) </li></ul><ul><li>Use “phrase searching” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Boolean Operators: “and” <ul><li>“ and” helps to limit the search </li></ul>play preschool education role of play in preschool education play AND preschool education
  8. 8. Boolean Operators: “or” <ul><li>“ or” helps to expand the search </li></ul>family parent family OR parent
  9. 9. Boolean Operators: Nesting <ul><li>The great thing about Boolean Operators is that you can “nest” them, too. </li></ul><ul><li>Nesting allows you to combine several search statements into one. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>( students OR children OR learners ) AND ( learning process ) </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Boolean Operators: Nesting continued… <ul><li>Notice this difference if you don’t use parentheses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ child development ” AND families OR parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What you get is a search that returns results on child development and families or anything related to parents (not necessarily education-related). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ child development ” AND ( families OR parents ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What you get is a search that returns results on child development and families AND child development and parents. Big difference! </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Phrase Searching <ul><li>Searches for words side by side in the order you type them </li></ul><ul><li>Different from keywords since keywords do not have to be next to each other </li></ul><ul><li>Usually requires quotation marks around the words </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ role of parents” ( phrase searching ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>role of parents ( keywords ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Looks for any text with the word “role” and the stop word “of” and the word “parents”—even if they’re not right next to each other. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. A few words about APA citations <ul><li>Your reference list lets people know where to find the sources you use. </li></ul><ul><li>If you need help, refer to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>APA handout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APA help on MCC Library website: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://library.miracosta.edu/content.php?pid=29300&sid=301366 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APA Manual at Library Reference Desks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Librarians and/or your professors </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Parts of a Citation <ul><li>Last Name, F. M. (Year). Article title with only the first word in caps. Title of Journal Where Article Appeared, Vol (Issue), page range. DOI or URL. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure to indent on the 2 nd and subsequent lines of each reference entry </li></ul><ul><li>Everything is double-spaced </li></ul>
  14. 14. What is this DOI business? <ul><li>DOI </li></ul><ul><li>= </li></ul><ul><li>“ Digital Object Identifier” </li></ul>
  15. 15. Where to find a DOI <ul><li>In the database record for the article </li></ul><ul><li>On the top or bottom of the PDF version of an article </li></ul><ul><li>If you can’t find the DOI in either of these locations, try www.crossref.org/guestquery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can enter the information you have and crossref.org will find the DOI (if it exists) </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. If there is no DOI… <ul><li>You have to find the URL of the journal homepage. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Google to do this </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. APA Examples <ul><li>With DOI: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ramey, C. T., & Ramey, S. L. (1998). Early intervention and early experience. American Psychologist, 53 (2), 109-120. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.63.2.109 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Without DOI: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neuharth-Pritchett, S. (2006). Research into practice: Children’s development and teacher practice. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 21 (1), 103-111. Retrieved from http://www.acei.org/jrcehp.htm </li></ul></ul>

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