Questions to reflect! Have your students had any problems dealing with listening exercises?How often do they seem clueless after a listening activity?
How much do you know about listening? Let’s find out!
Do you agree with this? Language learning depends on listening. When you listen to a conversation in English, you try to understand every word. When you have difficulty understanding what a speaker means you ask for clarification. Listening to songs and radio programs in English are two of the best ways to learn the language.
Do you agree with this? When you disagree with a speakers message, you usually stop paying attention. When you agree with a speakers message you usually nod. Your role as a listener is to show interest. As you listen to someone speak you take notes to help yourself understand the message
How much do learners retain from the listening input?
Why islistening an important skill to develop in your language learners?
Because language learners need it: To obtain information To understand For enjoyment To learn To communicate
Listening is the languagemodality that is used mostfrequently but… …why is listening in English so hard?
Because… Students have to process the messages as they come, cope with the speaker’s choice of vocabulary, structure, and rate of delivery. The complexity of the listening process is magnified in second language context where the listener also has an incomplete control of the language.
It is essential for language teachersto help our students becomeeffective active listeners. How can we do so? By modeling listening strategies By providing active listening practice
What is active listening? It is the effort to hear not only the words that another person is saying but, more importantly, to try to understand the total message being sent.
What are listening strategies? They are techniques or activities that contribute directly to the comprehension and recall of listening input.
What listening strategiescan help us in theclassroom?
Top - Down Listening Strategies They are listener- based.The listener taps into background knowledge of thetopic, the situation or context, the type of text, and thelanguage. This background knowledge activates a set ofexpectations that help the listener interpret what isheard and anticipate what comes next.
Top - Down Listening Strategies PredictingListening for the main ideas Shadow the speaker Taking notes
Bottom- Up Listening Strategies They are text based. The listener relies on the language in the message (sounds, words, and grammar that creates meaning)
Bottom – Up Listening StrategiesListening for specific details Recognizing word sounds
Tips for Helping our Students Become Active Listeners Activate your students’ prior knowledge before any listening activity in order to predict or anticipate content. Assess your students background knowledge on the topic and linguistic content of the text.
Tips for Helping our StudentsBecome Active Listeners If students are to complete a written task during or immediately after listening, allow them to read through it before listening. Use questions to focus students attention on the elements of the text crucial to comprehension of the whole.
Tips for Helping our Students Become Active Listeners Use predicting to encourage students to monitor their comprehension as they listen Remind students to review what they are hearing to see if it makes sense in the context of their prior knowledge and what they already know of the topic or events of the passage. Use visual aids such as maps, diagrams, pictures, or the images on the video to help contextualize the input and provide clues to meaning.