• Save
Assignment 5 - Nation Report Peru
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Assignment 5 - Nation Report Peru

on

  • 334 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
334
Views on SlideShare
334
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Assignment 5 - Nation Report Peru Assignment 5 - Nation Report Peru Presentation Transcript

  • The Republic of Peru
    Tadd Mannino
    History 141, Spring 2011
    Palomar College
  • Geography
    496,225 sq. miles
    Borders Ecuador, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile and Pacific
    Andes Mountains
    Parallel to coast
    Divide Peru into:
    Costa, a thin coastal strip
    Sierra, the Andes Highlands
    Selva, the Amazon jungle
    60% of the country
    Most rivers drain
    into Amazon
  • Geography
    Is not entirely tropical
    Andes, Humboldt Current affect weather
    Costa – moderate temps, low rain, deserts
    Sierra – frequent rain in summer, temp/humidity drops at altitude
    Selva – heavy rain, high temps
    High biodiversity due to varying climates
    Over 21,000 species
    Lake Titicaca – highest navigable
    lake in world
  • People
    Population –29,248,943
    3rd largest in S. America
    Life expectancy – 72 yr.s
    Literacy – 92%
    Isolated by Andes, Amazon
    Distinct, diverse population
    ½ costal, ½ in highlands
  • People
    Ethnic groups
    Amerindian 45%, Mestizo 37%, white 15%, other 3%
    Languages
    Spanish 84%, Quecha 13% (both official)
    Large number of Amazonian languages
    Religions
    Catholic 81%, Evangelical 12.5%, other 3%
  • Culture
    Architecture – Three styles
    Pre-Hispanic, Spanish Colonial, Modern Urban
    Pueblos Jovenos – squatter towns on urban edges
    Music –10,000 year tradition
    Huaynomixes ancient rural w/modern urban
    Marinera, upbeat dance music
    Guitar & horns
  • Culture
    Foods – Two styles
    Coastal: Soups, rice, seafood, plantains
    Highlands: meat, corn potatoes
    Art – Naifstyle blends Spanish & ancient
    Literature alive after 20 yr. guerrilla war/repressive govt.s
    Alonso Cueto, “The Blue Hour”
    Santiago Roncagliolo, “Red April”
    Mario Vargas Llosa, 2010 Nobel Prize for Literature
    "for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt, and defeat".
  • History
    Many pre-Columbian cultures
    Dating back to 9000 BCE
    Oldest culture Norte Chico
    3000 BCE
    Incas – Largest pre-Columbian culture
    15th century, built monumental buildings,
    6000 miles of roads
    Conquered by Pizarro, de Soto in 1532
    Peru provides silver bullion to Spanish Crown
    Amerindian slave labor main workforce
  • History
    1824, Jose de San Martin liberates Peru from Spain
    1879 – Chile defeats Peru, Bolivia in War of Pacific
    Fought over mineral rights, territory
    1924 – Nationalist APRA party founded
    1948 – 1980 – Military govts. Often in power
    1980 – Maoist Shining Path guerrillas fight govt.
    Terror attacks, death squad reprisals, 70,000 dead
    1990 – Alberto Fujimori elected President
    400% inflation, 3000 political murders
    1992 – Fujimori shuts down Congress, suspends Constitution
    Rights trampled, corruption rife
    2000 – Fujimori forced to resign
    2002 Truth Commission into govt. atrocities
    2009 – Fujimori 25 yr. prison sentence
    For role in govt. death squads, kidnappings
    Jose de San Martine
    Alberto Fujimori
  • Source Slide
    Brittanica.com
    Perufacts.com
    Wikipedia.com
    Everycultures.com
    CIA.gov/theworldfactbook
    Peruvianembassy.us