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Assignment 6 - Comparative History Articles

Assignment 6 - Comparative History Articles






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    Assignment 6 - Comparative History Articles Assignment 6 - Comparative History Articles Presentation Transcript

    • Tadd Mannino
      History 141, Spring 2011
      Palomar College
      Into the Economic AbyssEric Hobsbawm
      Roosevelt and Hitler
      New Deal and Nazi Reactions
      To the Depression
      John A. Garraty
    • The Great Slump
      Near worldwide economic collapse
      1920s - 1939
      Pre-dates 1929 US Stock Market Crash
      Capitalist economies cycle high and low
      Approx. every 7 to 11 years
      Post WWI, global economy stagnated
      Inflation/devalued currency, unemployment,
      savings gone, no capital for business
      Non-existent social safety nets
    • The Great Depression
      US unscathed after WWI
      No war damage
      Least loss of life
      Economic leader of the world
      Leading import/exporter to Europe
      Largely self-sufficient
      Fails to involve itself in European matters
      Esp. in vacuum of England’s capacity as world bank
      Germany “kept weak” by War Repatriations
      Borrows heavily
      Nations seek to protect their own
      Abandon Gold standard, impose tariffs
      Address social, not economic issues
      USSR thrives, increased production, no unemployed
      But inefficient economy, brutal collectivization & mass repression
    • The Great Depression
      Feeling of fundamental failure of economy/world left three choices:
      Capitalism, modified w/social services
      National Socialism is most successful, economically
      At a great price for Germany and the world
      Depression not ended until outbreak of WWII
    • Roosevelt and Hitler
      Moral opposites, they reacted to Depression in similar ways
      1933 – both took office a month apart, considered “intellectual lightweights,” both:
      Appealed to their social/economic opposites
      Used new media of radio brilliantly
      Used strong paternal, personal leadership
      Wanted to mobilize people’s energy
    • Roosevelt and Hitler
      Without economic experience, both faced nations in throes of Great Depression
      Similar actions
      Aid to unemployed, “social security” measures
      Manipulated agriculture to support farms/food prices
      Created civilian work camps
      Semi-military camps kept unemployed off streets & active
      Provided infrastructure, public works projects
      Neither “solved” problem of Depression
    • An Ocean Apart:
      The Anglo-American Relationship
      on the Eve of War
      David Dimbleby, David Reynolds
      The Race WarAmerican and Japanese Perceptions of the EnemyJohn W. Dower
    • Churchill and FDR
      1930s – A troubling world
      Depression continues
      Japan invades China
      Nazis rise to power
      Britain, USA watched
      US isolationist, self-serving
      Britain war-shocked by WWI
      Much to lose, little to gain from war
      Tries to appease Hitler
    • Churchill and FDR
      US, Britain at odds over
      Trade imbalances, tariffs
      Air of distrust exists as both sense threat of Germany and Japan
      FDR wants to aid Britain, U.S. public does not
      1939 –Hitler invades Poland, war declared
      US “Cash and Carry” allows support
      Goods, materiel and finally armaments
    • Churchill and FDR
      US still “neutral”
      FDR aids England
      Lend Lease
      Returns destroyers to Britain
      Churchill sees need for US
      Puts aside animosity
      FDR sees Britain as 1st line of defense
      1941 – Pearl Harbor, America enters war
    • The Race War
      Both US and Japan used racial stereotypes to de-humanize,
      demonize their enemies
      US portrayed Japanese as:
      The Yellow Peril
      Inferior, sub-humans or supermen
      Primitive, child-like
      Vermin, monkeys
      Portrayals debased Japanese
    • The Race War
      Japanese racism based on:
      Contempt for westerners/non-Japanese
      White devils
      Racial revenge
      Patronize/rule over “child-like” Asians
      Portrayals elevated Japanese to “divine”