Crusades
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Crusades

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    Crusades Crusades Presentation Transcript

    • The Popes, Crusades & Pilgrimages of Medieval Europe Ms. Malloff’s Social Studies 8 class
    • Who were the Popes ?
      • Pope is head of the Catholic Church
      • Had enormous influence over all of Western Europe (Christiandom)
      • Popes supported & advised kings (Charlemagne)
    • Pope’s Power
      • Popes thought they had supreme authority over all the people of Christiandom including Kings
      • and Nobles .
      • This was based on the idea that Christ’s apostle , Peter , was the first “ Pope ” & represented Christ on earth .
    • Pope Urban II called the Crusades , “ Holy Wars ,” (1096-1200) to:
      • Purpose: to drive Muslims out of the Holy Land of Jerusalem, in Israel.
      • Restore Holy Land for Christian Pilgrims who liked to visit there.
      • Give knights a purposeful mission.
      • To unite Christians under him.
    • Crusade! Jerusalem is a holy city To Muslims, Jews, And Christians. It is Located in Israel.
    • Difference between a Crusade and a Pilgrimage
      • Crusade was a holy war , fought
      • in Jerusalem against Muslims
      • Pilgrimage was a peaceful visit to a holy place (church, shrine) where a saint was buried or holy event took place.
    • pilgrimage
    • Who were the Crusaders ?
      • Serfs who wanted a change from their mundane lives
      • Children who believed in the idea
      • Women & nuns who believed in the idea
      • Knights who wanted something to fight for.
    • 120Crusade
    • Jerusalem Jerusalem is here. There is fighting between Palestinian Muslims & Jews For this territory. Middle East
    • Crusaders in Jerusalem What do you notice taking place In this painting?
    • Crusaders
    • What Happened?
      • Christians saw Muslims as “ infidels ”
      • “ Infidel ” is someone who doesn’t share your religious belief.
      • Muslims saw Christians as infidels , too.
    • Results of the Crusades
      • Failure to win back the Holy Land .
      • Decline of Pope’s prestige & feudalism.
      • Interest in other places
      • ideas , and cultures .
    • What do you think?
      • Were Crusades a poor decision? Good decision? Why or why not?
      • Should you impose your ideas on someone else?
      • Were there some good things that happened as a result?
      • Would you have supported the idea of Crusading ?
    • The End