Connected Literacies:        Teaching with Social Media to Advance                Participatory Learning    Thomas P. Mack...
“The future is visible in theincreasing number of bikesyou see all over the urbanlandscape. This simple formof transportat...
In 1992 Henry Jenkins proposed “analternative conception of fansas readers who appropriate populartexts and reread them in...
“Consumption becomes production;reading becomes writing; spectator culturebecomes participatory culture” (p. 60).Fans, Blo...
According to Jenkins: “convergencerepresents a paradigm shift – a move frommedium specific content toward content thatflow...
“Participatory cultureshifts the focus of literacyfrom one of individualexpression to communityinvolvement” (p. xiii).Conf...
“The new literacies almostall involve social skillsdeveloped throughcollaboration andnetworking.” (p. xiii).Confronting th...
“These skills build on thefoundation of traditionalliteracy andresearch, technical, andcritical analysis skillslearned in ...
What is participatory learning?•   Active            •   Social•   Interactive       •   Convergent•   Networked         •...
ACRL Standard Definition (1989)  • Determine the extent of information needed  • Access the needed information effectively...
Connected LiteraciesTRENDS IN SOCIAL MEDIA                         11
“Half the adults and three-   quarters of the teenagers in   America use social networking   sites (SNS) and Facebook by  ...
“As the common saying goes, a friend of afriend is a friend. But on Facebook this isthe exception rather than the rule. Wh...
“We expect that new Facebook userstypically start with a core group ofclose, interconnected friends, but over timetheir fr...
15
http://www.hongkiat.com/blog/55-interesting-social-media-infographics/   16
“46% of American adults now       own a smartphone of some       kind, up from 35% in May 2011;       Smartphone owners no...
State of the Blogosphere 2011http://technorati.com/social-media/article/state-of-the-blogosphere-2011-part3/              ...
State of the Blogosphere 2011http://technorati.com/social-media/article/state-of-the-blogosphere-2011-part3/              ...
“13% of online adults use    Twitter, and half of Twitter users    access the service on a cell    phone” (2011).    8% in...
State of the Blogosphere 2011    http://technorati.com/social-media/article/state-of-the-blogosphere-2011-part3/*”Among re...
“Pinterest sets record for fastest site tohit 10 million monthly visitors”http://pinterest.com/pinterestbiz/pinterest-stat...
Horizon Report 2012                                         1. Mobile Apps                                         2. Tabl...
Horizon Report 2012                                       “Open-ended, challenge-                                       ba...
Connected LiteraciesEMERGING LITERACYFRAMEWORKS                       25
http://nlabnetworks.typepad.com/transliteracy/                                                 26
TRANSLITERACY “mapping meaning across different media and not with developing particular literacies about various media.” ...
TRANSLITERACY “It is not about learning text literacy and visual literacy and digital literacy in isolation from one anoth...
Information and Media Literacy (MIL)“Information and media literacy enablespeople to interpret and make informedjudgments ...
30
Mackey and Jacobson, 2012Figure by Roger Lipera                                               31
METALITERACY    “promotes critical thinking and    collaboration in a digital age, providing    a comprehensive framework ...
METALITERACY    “Information literacy is central to this    redefinition because information takes    many forms online an...
“The ability to critically self-assess one’sown competencies and to recognize theneed for integrated or expanded literacie...
“This metacognitive approach challenges areliance on skills-based information literacyinstruction only and shifts the focu...
“This requires a high level of criticalthinking and analysis about how wedevelop our self-conception of informationliterac...
Connected LiteraciesEMERGING LITERACIES SURVEY                             37
Survey Instrument• Survey Monkey• 26 Questions• Likert scale• Some open-ended comments• Library and Information Science fa...
Do you teach information literacy as:N=541                                    39
If you teach information literacy-specific    courses, how many credits are they?N=253                                    ...
How would you describe the format your  information literacy instruction takes?N=534                                   41
Do you teach undergraduate students       or graduate students?N=368                             42
Which best describes your school?N=367                            43
Which of the following literacies are you  familiar with? (select all that apply)N=413                                    ...
Which of the following literacies are components of    information literacy? (select all that apply)N=445                 ...
Which of the following literacy frameworksare you familiar with? (select all that apply)N=413                             ...
Which of the following literacy frameworks do you think are  related to information literacy? (select all that apply)N=419...
Which of the following literacies are important to include in  information literacy instruction? (select all that apply)N=...
Which of the following are reasons for not including related       literacies in information literacy instruction?        ...
Which of the following technologies do you require your  students to learn as part of your information literacy           ...
Which of the following information literacy skills do you    include in your information literacy instruction?            ...
Do you build student collaboration into   your information literacy instruction?                    NO          YESN=360  ...
Initial Analysis of Findings• Respondents identify connections between  related literacy types and information literacy• R...
Initial Analysis of Findings• Social media has been incorporated into  information literacy instruction but could be  deve...
Thomas P. Mackey, Ph.D.            DeanCenter for Distance Learning  Tom.Mackey@esc.edu
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Connected Literacies: Teaching with Social Media to Advance Participatory Learning

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CIT 2012 Conference at Stony Brook; featured presentation. Based on metaliteracy research conducted with Trudi Jacobson

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  • The program will start with 420 stations spread through the lower half of Manhattan, Long Island City and much of western Brooklyn; eventually more than 10,000 bikes will be available. “EVERYONE HAS A BIKE”
  • “convergence represents a paradigm shift – a move from medium specific content toward content that flows across mutliple media channels, toward multiple ways of accessing media content, and toward ever more complex relations between top-down corporate media and bottom up participatory culture” ” (p. 243).
  • Tom and Trudi
  • …, particularly as they discover (and are discovered by) more distant friends from different parts and different times in their lives”
  • Agreement up front but unintentional sharing
  • Intentional sharing of things
  • s of May 2011, 13% of online adults use the status update service Twitter. That represents a significant increase from the 8% of online adults who identified themselves as Twitter users the first time we asked our “stand-alone” question about Twitter adoption in November 2010.1
  • Online pinboard; Gained 13 million users in 10 short months; In US, mostly female at 83% but in the UK mostly male at 56%; In another study it was found that women trust Pinterest more than Facebook and Twitter.
  • To be metaliterate requires one to understand existing literacy strengths and areas for improvement, and to make decisions about one’s learning.
  • Tom and Trudi
  • Tom and Trudi
  • Connected Literacies: Teaching with Social Media to Advance Participatory Learning

    1. 1. Connected Literacies: Teaching with Social Media to Advance Participatory Learning Thomas P. Mackey, Ph.D. Dean Center for Distance Learning http://www.slideshare.net/tmackeyINNOVATIVE INSTRUCTION: SUPPORTING ACADEMIC Thursday, May 31, 2012 1 EXCELLENCE AND STUDENT SUCCESS
    2. 2. “The future is visible in theincreasing number of bikesyou see all over the urbanlandscape. This simple formof transportation is about tomake our city morelivable, more human andbetter connected; NewYorkers are going to love thebike-share program;culturally and physically, ourcity is perfectly suited for it.” -David Byrne 2012 “This is How We Ride” New York Times http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/27/opinion/ sunday/ this-is-how-we-ride.html?smid=pl-share 2Stony Brook University Library 2012
    3. 3. In 1992 Henry Jenkins proposed “analternative conception of fansas readers who appropriate populartexts and reread them in a fashionthat serves different interests, asspectators who transform the experienceof watching television into a rich andcomplex participatory culture” (p. 23).Textual Poachers: Television Fans & Participatory Culture By Henry Jenkins1992 3
    4. 4. “Consumption becomes production;reading becomes writing; spectator culturebecomes participatory culture” (p. 60).Fans, Bloggers, and Gamers:Exploring Participatory CultureBy Henry Jenkins2006 4
    5. 5. According to Jenkins: “convergencerepresents a paradigm shift – a move frommedium specific content toward content thatflows across mutliple media channels, towardmultiple ways of accessing media content, andtoward ever more complex relations betweentop-down corporate media and bottom upparticipatory culture” ” (p. 243).Convergence Culture:Where Old and New Media CollideHenry Jenkins2006 5
    6. 6. “Participatory cultureshifts the focus of literacyfrom one of individualexpression to communityinvolvement” (p. xiii).Confronting the Challengesof Participatory CultureMedia Education for the 21st CenturyHenry Jenkins2009 6
    7. 7. “The new literacies almostall involve social skillsdeveloped throughcollaboration andnetworking.” (p. xiii).Confronting the Challengesof Participatory CultureMedia Education for the 21st CenturyHenry Jenkins2009 7
    8. 8. “These skills build on thefoundation of traditionalliteracy andresearch, technical, andcritical analysis skillslearned in the classroom.”(p. xiii).Confronting the Challengesof Participatory CultureMedia Education for the 21st CenturyHenry Jenkins2009 8
    9. 9. What is participatory learning?• Active • Social• Interactive • Convergent• Networked • Emergent• Connected • Adaptable• Collaborative • Evolving• Community-based • Transformative• Global • Multi-modal 9
    10. 10. ACRL Standard Definition (1989) • Determine the extent of information needed • Access the needed information effectively and efficiently • Evaluate information and its sources critically • Incorporate selected information into one’s knowledge base • Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose • Understand the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information, and access and use information ethically and legallyhttp://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/acrl/standards/informationliteracycompetency.cfm 10
    11. 11. Connected LiteraciesTRENDS IN SOCIAL MEDIA 11
    12. 12. “Half the adults and three- quarters of the teenagers in America use social networking sites (SNS) and Facebook by far is the most popular of these sites” (2012).http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2012/Facebook-users/Summary.aspx 12
    13. 13. “As the common saying goes, a friend of afriend is a friend. But on Facebook this isthe exception rather than the rule. When weexplored the density of people’s friendshipnetworks, we found that people’s friends listsare only modestly interconnected.” (2012). http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2012/Facebook-users/Summary.aspx 13
    14. 14. “We expect that new Facebook userstypically start with a core group ofclose, interconnected friends, but over timetheir friends list becomes larger and lessintertwined.” (2012). http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2012/Facebook-users/Summary.aspx 14
    15. 15. 15
    16. 16. http://www.hongkiat.com/blog/55-interesting-social-media-infographics/ 16
    17. 17. “46% of American adults now own a smartphone of some kind, up from 35% in May 2011; Smartphone owners now outnumber users of more basic phones” (2012).http://pewinternet.org/Reports/2012/Smartphone-Update-2012/Findings.aspx 17
    18. 18. State of the Blogosphere 2011http://technorati.com/social-media/article/state-of-the-blogosphere-2011-part3/ 18
    19. 19. State of the Blogosphere 2011http://technorati.com/social-media/article/state-of-the-blogosphere-2011-part3/ 19
    20. 20. “13% of online adults use Twitter, and half of Twitter users access the service on a cell phone” (2011). 8% increase since 2010http://www.pewinternet.org/Reports/2011/Twitter-Update-2011/Main-Report.aspx 20
    21. 21. State of the Blogosphere 2011 http://technorati.com/social-media/article/state-of-the-blogosphere-2011-part3/*”Among respondents who create assets, 48% of the multimedia they post is their 21own creation. This is down significantly from 67% in 2010. .”
    22. 22. “Pinterest sets record for fastest site tohit 10 million monthly visitors”http://pinterest.com/pinterestbiz/pinterest-statistics/ 22
    23. 23. Horizon Report 2012 1. Mobile Apps 2. Tablet Computing 3. Game based learning 4. Learning Analytics 5. Gesture Based Computing 6. The Internet of Thingshttp://www.nmc.org/publications/horizon-report-2012-higher-ed-edition 23
    24. 24. Horizon Report 2012 “Open-ended, challenge- based, truly collaborative games are an emerging category of games that seems especially appropriate for higher education. Games like these, which occur in both online and non-digital forms, can draw on skills for research, writing, collaboration, problem solving, public speaking, leadership, digital literacy, and media-making” (p. 19).http://www.nmc.org/publications/horizon-report-2012-higher-ed-edition 24
    25. 25. Connected LiteraciesEMERGING LITERACYFRAMEWORKS 25
    26. 26. http://nlabnetworks.typepad.com/transliteracy/ 26
    27. 27. TRANSLITERACY “mapping meaning across different media and not with developing particular literacies about various media.” “Introducing transliteracy What does it mean to academic libraries?” Tom Ipri College & Research Libraries http://crln.acrl.org/content/71/10/532.full 27
    28. 28. TRANSLITERACY “It is not about learning text literacy and visual literacy and digital literacy in isolation from one another but about the interaction among all these literacies.” “Introducing transliteracy What does it mean to academic libraries?” Tom Ipri College & Research Libraries http://crln.acrl.org/content/71/10/532.full 28
    29. 29. Information and Media Literacy (MIL)“Information and media literacy enablespeople to interpret and make informedjudgments as users of information andmedia, as well as to become skillfulcreators and producers of informationand media messages in their own right.”http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/ev.php-URL_ID=15886&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html 29
    30. 30. 30
    31. 31. Mackey and Jacobson, 2012Figure by Roger Lipera 31
    32. 32. METALITERACY “promotes critical thinking and collaboration in a digital age, providing a comprehensive framework to effectively participate in social media and online communities. ”Thomas P. Mackey and Trudi E. Jacobson Reframing Information Literacy as aMetaliteracy Coll. res. libr. January 2011 72:62-78http://crl.acrl.org/content/72/1/62.abstract 32
    33. 33. METALITERACY “Information literacy is central to this redefinition because information takes many forms online and is produced and communicated through multiple modalities. ”Thomas P. Mackey and Trudi E. Jacobson Reframing Information Literacy as aMetaliteracy Coll. res. libr. January 2011 72:62-78http://crl.acrl.org/content/72/1/62.abstract 33
    34. 34. “The ability to critically self-assess one’sown competencies and to recognize theneed for integrated or expanded literaciesin today’s information environment is ametaliteracy.”Mackey and Jacobson (2012)Metaliteracy: Reframing Information Literacy for a Social Media AgemanuscriptMetaliteracy is Metacognitive 34
    35. 35. “This metacognitive approach challenges areliance on skills-based information literacyinstruction only and shifts the focus toknowledge acquisition in collaboration withothers.”Mackey and Jacobson (2012)Metaliteracy: Reframing Information Literacy for a Social Media AgemanuscriptMetaliteracy is Metacognitive 35
    36. 36. “This requires a high level of criticalthinking and analysis about how wedevelop our self-conception of informationliteracy as reflective learners in open andsocial media environments.”Mackey and Jacobson (2012)Metaliteracy: Reframing Information Literacy for a Social Media AgemanuscriptMetaliteracy is Metacognitive 36
    37. 37. Connected LiteraciesEMERGING LITERACIES SURVEY 37
    38. 38. Survey Instrument• Survey Monkey• 26 Questions• Likert scale• Some open-ended comments• Library and Information Science faculty and librarians (listservs, LinkedIn groups, colleagues)• 85.5% librarians• 551 started survey• 361 completed survey (65.5%) 38
    39. 39. Do you teach information literacy as:N=541 39
    40. 40. If you teach information literacy-specific courses, how many credits are they?N=253 40
    41. 41. How would you describe the format your information literacy instruction takes?N=534 41
    42. 42. Do you teach undergraduate students or graduate students?N=368 42
    43. 43. Which best describes your school?N=367 43
    44. 44. Which of the following literacies are you familiar with? (select all that apply)N=413 44
    45. 45. Which of the following literacies are components of information literacy? (select all that apply)N=445 45
    46. 46. Which of the following literacy frameworksare you familiar with? (select all that apply)N=413 46
    47. 47. Which of the following literacy frameworks do you think are related to information literacy? (select all that apply)N=419 47
    48. 48. Which of the following literacies are important to include in information literacy instruction? (select all that apply)N=381 48
    49. 49. Which of the following are reasons for not including related literacies in information literacy instruction? (select all that apply)N=377 49
    50. 50. Which of the following technologies do you require your students to learn as part of your information literacy instruction? (select all that apply)N=251 50
    51. 51. Which of the following information literacy skills do you include in your information literacy instruction? (select all that apply)N=391 51
    52. 52. Do you build student collaboration into your information literacy instruction? NO YESN=360 52
    53. 53. Initial Analysis of Findings• Respondents identify connections between related literacy types and information literacy• Respondents are familiar with Transliteracy, Metaliteracy, and other emerging frameworks• Librarians need more time to incorporate emerging literacy frameworks in instruction• Faculty-librarian collaboration advances integration and adoption of related literacies 53
    54. 54. Initial Analysis of Findings• Social media has been incorporated into information literacy instruction but could be developed further• Focus on “presentation” technologies need to be expanded to include interactive social technologies• Learning opportunities related to collaboration and sharing should be expanded 54
    55. 55. Thomas P. Mackey, Ph.D. DeanCenter for Distance Learning Tom.Mackey@esc.edu

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