A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TORDA FOR SCORES & SOUNDRECORDINGSNancy Lorimer, Stanford University
Scope What is happening currently in RDA implementation A very brief introduction to RDA Highlights of changes to score & sound recording cataloging in RDA in the MARC21 & ISBD environment
RDA Implementation Library of Congress Day 1 for RDA is March 31, 2013 On this day: All new authority records added to the name authority file must be RDA records All PCC bibliographic records must have RDA access points LC catalogers will catalog in RDA Note that this does NOT mean that all bibliographic records (PCC or not) must be created in RDA by this date; there is no set date for this
RDA Implementation Preparations (Music Library Association) RDA Music Revisions Facilitation Task Force Joint task force with Library of Congress & Canadian Committee on Cataloging (CCC) Charged with compiling known music issues in RDA, prioritizing & recommendations on how to address the issue RDA Music Implementation Task Force Createmusic best practices documentation to supplement RDA & develop official MLA workflows to be shared in the RDA Toolkit
RDA: Brief Overview RDA = Resource Description & Access Based on Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) & Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD) A content standard—what information you provide and how to provide it It is not a display standard (ISBD) or a record format (MARC 21)
RDA additions in the Toolkit Library of Congress Policy Statements (LCPS) Library of Congress Core Plus RDA mappings RDA to MARC/MARC to RDA bibliographic mapping RDA to MARC/MARC to RDA authority mapping RDA to MODS mapping Shared workflows & mapping created by individuals
008 & 040 Desc field = I (for ISBD) 040 $a LIB $b eng $c LIB $e rda
Transcription Transcribe text & punctuation as given (and do not use [sic]) 245 10 …ne l’aura che trema NOT 245 10 --ne l’aura che trema Do not abbreviate (unless on the resource) 300 1 score (30 pages) NOT 300 1 score (30 p.) Square brackets are only used for information not on the resource 245 10 … /$c Egon Wellesz ; herausgegeben von Hannes Heher. NOT 245 10 … /$c Egon Wellesz ; [herausgegeben von Hannes Heher]
Preferred Source for Title:Scores (18.104.22.168)AACR2 Ch.5—Chief Source RDA—Preferred Source Caption Cover Cover Caption Colophon Masthead Other preliminaries Colophon Other sources
Preferred source for title: Soundrecordings (22.214.171.124) “a label bearing a title that is permanently printed on or affixed to the resource, excluding accompanying textual material or a container (e.g., a label on an audio CD, or a model) OR embedded metadata in textual form that contains a title (e.g., metadata embedded in an MP3 audio file)” No preference for collective over non-collective titles
Statement of Responsibility (126.96.36.199) “Take statements of responsibility relating to the title proper from the following sources (in order of preference): a) the same source as the title proper b) another source within the resource itself c) one of the other sources specified in 2.2.4” 245 10 … /$c Egon Wellesz ; herausgegeben von Hannes Heher. [editor taken from caption]
Edition Statement (2.5) RDA does not have a separate music presentation statement; defined as part of the edition statement AACR2 250 First edition. 254 Score & parts. RDA 250 First edition, Score & parts. 250 Study score. 250 Piano/vocal score.
Publication statement (2.8) Publication statement is a core element Publication statement is a separate element from distribution or manufacturer statements; these can no longer replace the publication statement If no publication statement: [Place of publication not identified] : $b [Publisher not identified] OR [Los Angeles?] : $b [John Redford]
Publication date/Copyright date 2 different elements in RDA; copyright date may not replace the publication date If publication date not known: [Publication date not known] OR [2010?] Copyright/phonogram date is not required if a publication date is given BUT for music, we strongly suggest you add it, even when it is the same as the publication date.
Changes to MARC: the 264 field Production, Publication, Distribution, Manufacture and Copyright Notice Provides individual coding through 2nd indicators 0 = Production 1 = Publication 2 = Distribution 3 = Manufacture 4 = Copyright Notice The 260 field will continue to be valid
Examples so far: recordings245 10 The rough guide to Ravi Shankar.260 [London] : $b World Music Network ; $b Rough Guides, $c , ℗2004.245 10 Carmen : $b Stockholm 1954 / $c Georges Bizet ; text by Henri Meilhac & Ludovic Halévy ; original version translated and revised by Axel Strindberg.260 [Sweden] : $b Bluebell, $c , ℗2008.
Where did the GMD go? No more GMD Replaced by 3 new fields: Content Type (RDA 6.9; MARC21 336) Media Type (RDA 3.2; MARC21 337) Carrier Type (RAD 3.3; MARC21 338) Controlled vocabularies listed in RDA
Extent: Score (3.4.3) Rule is specifically for extent of notated music & looks very much like AACR2: 1 score 1 vocal score Terms are listed in RDA 188.8.131.52 score violin conductor part chorus score condensed score vocal score part study score piano score choir book piano conductor chorus score table book part
Changes to score types Definition of score: Graphical, symbolic, or word-based musical notation representing the sounds of all the parts of an ensemble or a work for solo performer or electronic media. Do not confuse with Part. No more “p. of music”, “v. of music” 8 p. of music becomes 1 score (8 pages) Miniature score (AACR2) = Study score (RDA)
Extent: Sound recordings No specific rules for extent for sound recording, so follow 184.108.40.206 (Recording extent) Number of units + carrier term from 220.127.116.11 (Carrier type) 1 audio disc May also use a term in common usage per 3.41.5 (Other terms used to designate the type of unit) 1 CD
Other physical characteristics Type of recording (18.104.22.168) analog digital Encoding format (22.214.171.124) CD audio SACD Configuration of Playback channels (3.16.8) mono stereo Dimensions (3.5) 4 3/4 in. OR 12 cm
In MARC... 300 1 audio disc : $b digital, CD audio, stereo ; $c 4 3/4 in. 300 1 CD : $b CD audio, mono ; $c 12 cm 300 1 audio disc : $b SACD ; $c 4 3/4 in. Future changes: The new 334 field (Sound characteristics) will enable more granular coding of the $b. Watch for developments.
Examples so far: Recordings245 10 Carmen : $b Stockholm 1954 / $c Georges Bizet ; text by Henri Meilhac & Ludovic Halévy ; original version translated and revised by Axel Strindberg.260 [Sweden] : $b Bluebell, $c , ℗2008.300 2 audio discs : $b digital, CD audio ; $c 4 3/4 in.336 performed music $2 rdacontent337 audio $2 rdamedia338 audio disc $2 rda carrier
Notation (RDA 7.13) Required in LC Core Plus graphic notation letter notation mensural notation neumatic notation number notation solmization staff notation tablature tonic sol-fa
Notation (MARC21 546) MARC21 546 $b: The name of the alphabet, script or information code that is used to record the language. This includes specialized codes, scripts or typefaces (e.g., Arabic alphabet, Arabic numerals, ASCII, bar code, BCD, braille, ciphers, Cyrillic alphabet, EBCDIC, Fraktur, Greek alphabet, Hebrew alphabet, hieroglyphics, musical notation systems, … 546 $b Staff notation. 546 $b Staff notation with chord symbols. 546 $b Graphic notation.
Access Points Main/added entry concept replaced by the concept of the Authorized Access Point Can be for people, corporations, families, work Consist of preferred name and/or title and any additions required for differentiation purposes (many of these are required)
Access Points: changes for music No longer a rule of 3—either provide an access point for the 1st work of a collection or all the works May also provide a collective access point together with or instead of individual access points for two or more works by the same composer.
No more performer main entry? In AACR2, recordings that emphasized a performer/performing group over the works were given “performer main entry” In RDA (as in FRBR), a performer is a “contributor” not a “creator”, and so cannot be a preferred access point in a record if that is their only role
Relationships RDA extends the web of relationships
Relationships Creators/Contributors Relator codes found in Appendix I Encoded with the $e, not the $4 (code) Music related ones include: Composer (Creator) Librettist (Creator) Lyricist (Creator) Singer (Contributor) Instrumentalist (Contributor) Performer (Contributor)
Relationships Between works: Vocabulary given in Appendix J “Contains” = 700 12 (analytic entries) Other relationships can be specified in a $i Libretto based on (work) Musical setting of (work) Musical variations based on (work) Cadenza for (work) 700 1# $i Libretto based on (work): $a