Placing a focus on you & your true feelings!RomanticismLea Drogalis, Abby Mayes, Kelly Villwock, & Bailey Newman
Historical Context Writers of Romantic time period were influenced largely by the Industrial Revolution’s new ideas
Romantics • Romanticism was a reaction to the Scientific Revolution - Against rationalizations in nature - Power of imagination• Anti-Enlightenment movement• Writers were influenced by: criticism of past and respect for new & “pure” nature• Based writings on sentiment & affection
Fireside Poets• Influenced by politics, American legends & ideals of American home life• Fall under romantics through use of sentiment to force reader to consider issues on personal terms
Transcendentalists• Influenced by idea that a child is born with the ability to tell right from wrong• Must listen to voice of God within• Reflected in writings through focus on individualistic qualities
American Gothics• Based on human psychology & emotions, not reason• Ideas reflected in writing: used fear to evoke feelings of the issues during the time period & build artistic value instead of materialistic nature
Values and Beliefs "a journey away from the corruption of civilization and the limits of rational thought and toward the integrity of nature and the freedom of the imagination."
Romanticism• emotions and imagination over reason • natural goodness of humans• individual freedom and the worth of the individual • Beauty of nature as an inspiration
Fireside Poets• Emphasized morally uplifting themes in work • Romantically engaging • Stressed individualism • Appreciation of nature • Social reform
Transcendentalism • Emphasized living a simple life • Close relationship with nature • Emotions and the imagination • Individualism • Inherent goodness of people• Spiritual well-being over financial well- being
American Gothic• Did not believe in innate goodness of people • Explored human capacity for evil • Explored characters’ motivations • Emphasis on emotion, nature and individual • Included elements of fantasy
“liberalism in literature”-Victor Hugo Puts emphasis on the individual, beauty, nature, mysticism. Reactions against characterized neoclassicism. Expressing unique feelings.
• the abandonment of the heroic couplet in favor of blank verse • the sonnet • experimental verse forms Style • the dropping of the conventional poetic diction in favor of fresher language and bolder figures • renewed interest in classical writers, such as Shakespeare and Milton
So, romanticism writers werebasically the hipsters of Americanliterature… …basically.
Significant Authors• James Fenimore Cooper• Henry Wadsworth Longfellow• Henry David Thoreau• Edgar Allan Poe